In research, focus group discussions (FGD) are a more formal way of getting groups of people to discuss selected issues. 2 0 obj Focus group discussion is a research methodology in which a small group of participants gather to discuss a specified topic or an issue to generate data. They address the three main components of composition, conduct and analysis in focus group research and also acknowledge the increasing impact the Internet has had on social research by covering the role and conduct of `virtual focus groups'. endobj ]WY:Ű�4��5��y��I�/����1+�Z����v`L��2^�9�7� 7�y]0� $fR:/}ޏV�.9�tP��&�I:S��o��'����z�&��%!��/ҙK���'��W+!0\�Z��3�XTEK���ma��.�Y�Ԑbmū ��!��Z�=�x����?|�@0�d�,YVd�M:3ə�֛s��U�'�v��~`��K�� 8��3��/S`a=�!%���LOO���C�*��. It is not a free-flowing discussion, per se; in fact, a moderator may need to regularly put the focus group … The group members are allowed to discuss with one another to reach a common answer. Rarely have the studies provided any information on the rationale for choosing the technique. A great deal of the skepticism about the value of focus groups probably arises from the Thus, this approach would provide for a more relevant inclusion of knowledge that would cater for indigenous students from all cultural groupings in the diverse South African society. Focus groups are facilitated group discussions. Two key challenges to resolving this problem are: (a) integrating science-based and values-based (e.g. 4. This is due to many constraints faced in the Department of Higher Education. Commonplace Book Categories, Anaa Meaning In Arabic, Kia Morning Price In Nepal, Raw Edge Darnell, Pyramid Song Instruments, Anaa Meaning In Arabic, Resolve Urine Destroyer, Best Pizza Ottawa, 35 Lb Dumbbell Pair, Vegan Cherry Chocolate Chip Ice Cream, How To Fill Out Self-employment Form, Grade 3 Lm 1st Quarter, Pyramid Song Instruments, Nasm Cpt Cost, "> In research, focus group discussions (FGD) are a more formal way of getting groups of people to discuss selected issues. 2 0 obj Focus group discussion is a research methodology in which a small group of participants gather to discuss a specified topic or an issue to generate data. They address the three main components of composition, conduct and analysis in focus group research and also acknowledge the increasing impact the Internet has had on social research by covering the role and conduct of `virtual focus groups'. endobj ]WY:Ű�4��5��y��I�/����1+�Z����v`L��2^�9�7� 7�y]0� $fR:/}ޏV�.9�tP��&�I:S��o��'����z�&��%!��/ҙK���'��W+!0\�Z��3�XTEK���ma��.�Y�Ԑbmū ��!��Z�=�x����?|�@0�d�,YVd�M:3ə�֛s��U�'�v��~`��K�� 8��3��/S`a=�!%���LOO���C�*��. It is not a free-flowing discussion, per se; in fact, a moderator may need to regularly put the focus group … The group members are allowed to discuss with one another to reach a common answer. Rarely have the studies provided any information on the rationale for choosing the technique. A great deal of the skepticism about the value of focus groups probably arises from the Thus, this approach would provide for a more relevant inclusion of knowledge that would cater for indigenous students from all cultural groupings in the diverse South African society. Focus groups are facilitated group discussions. Two key challenges to resolving this problem are: (a) integrating science-based and values-based (e.g. 4. This is due to many constraints faced in the Department of Higher Education. Commonplace Book Categories, Anaa Meaning In Arabic, Kia Morning Price In Nepal, Raw Edge Darnell, Pyramid Song Instruments, Anaa Meaning In Arabic, Resolve Urine Destroyer, Best Pizza Ottawa, 35 Lb Dumbbell Pair, Vegan Cherry Chocolate Chip Ice Cream, How To Fill Out Self-employment Form, Grade 3 Lm 1st Quarter, Pyramid Song Instruments, Nasm Cpt Cost, ">

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The dynamics of the focus group can have a hugely positive influence on the quality of the research output. Data collection was based on semi-structured interviews, document reviews, focus group discussions and scenario workshops. The social sciences are one important means through which researchers and practitioners can attain that better understanding. This methodology brief outlines a five-stage process for conducting focus groups and reporting on the results. Analyzing Focus Group Data The analysis and interpretation of focus group data require a great deal of judgment and care, just as any other scientific approach, and regardless of whether the analysis relies on quantitative or qualitative procedures. In Y. S. Denzin, Ritchie, J., & Spencer, L. (1994). (1998). and N.M. inter, The manuscript does not include any primary data. In describing divergent trajectories associated with the albacore fishery, one of the US West Coast's last open-access fisheries, we highlight the diverse strategies and mechanisms utilized to sustain fisheries livelihoods in the modern era while arguing that alternative approaches to management and licensing may be required to maintain the viability of small-scale fishing operations worldwide moving forward. The term described meetings held with a limited group of participants with the objective of discussion. This paper explores, in both conceptual and practical terms, three key issues: consent; confidentiality and anonymity; and risk of harm. Consequently, this led to the deterioration of educational standards in the subject as student tend to opt to enroll in Mathematical Literacy as Mathematics is thought of to be difficult and confined to nonindigenous students only Hence, the study aims at exploring IK as an alternative pedagogical tool to Mathematics Lecturers' classroom teaching to support their pedagogical practices in a TVET College. This study shows that pedagogical belief plays a role with performance expectancy and effort expectancy in influencing an educator's behavioral intention to use technology. It has long been claimed that a better understanding of human or social dimensions of environmental issues will improve conservation. (2016). We then discuss in detail the empirical applications of this technique in conservation based on a structured literature review (using Scopus). During a focus group, a group of individuals—usually 6-12 people—is brought together in a room to engage in a guided discussion of a topic. The number of participants per focus, In the reviewed studies, two types of focus group discussion, with limited infrastructure for online access. Focus groups rely on interaction within the group based on topics that are supplied by the researcher. Focus group dis-cussion is a technique where a researcher assembles a group of indi-viduals to discuss a specific topic, aiming to draw from the complex personal experiences, beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the par-ticipants through a moderated interaction (Cornwall & Jewkes, 1995; Depending on the research objective, the Focus Group can … FGDs can be used to explore the meanings of survey findings that cannot be explained statistically, the range of opinions/views on a topic of interest and to collect a wide variety of local terms. focus group discussion is a commonly used method. We aim to identify patterns in methodological variants, topics covered, scope, advantages and limitations of the technique. Focus groups are group discussions conducted with the participation of 7 to 12 people to capture their experiences and views regarding specific issues closely related to research question(s). We also observed that there were a few managerial errors such as detailed lesson guidance and tutor support for students activities. Rooted in a Philippine state university experience, this qualitative study employs phenomenological research design to explore the role of pedagogical belief on the use of ICT tools in the teaching-learning activities among the educators who are teaching courses in a teacher education institution. Hire a skilled moderator to facilitate the discussion 6. Qualitative techniques for decision making in conservation, Integrating across knowledge systems to drive action on chronic biological invasions, Intensive care unit nurses' perception of the barriers to effective in-service education: A qualitative study, Stakeholders’ Recount on the Dynamics of Indonesia’s Renewable Energy Sector, EXPLORING THE ROLE OF PEDAGOGICAL BELIEFS TOWARDS THE INTEGRATION OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEACHING PRACTICES AMONG PHILIPPINE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION EDUCATORS, INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AS AN ALTERNATIVE PEDAGOGY TO IMPROVE STUDENT PERFORMANCE IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICAL GEOMETRY IN TVET COLLEGE, Assessing the vulnerability of bycatch species from Hilsa gillnet fishing using productivity susceptibility analysis: Insights from Bangladesh (Share Link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1c2LMbiU1p3cQ), Polislik Perspektifinden Dijital Misenformasyon ve Dezenformasyon: Covid-19 Örnek Olayı Bağlamın-da Bir Analiz, Changes to the structure and function of an albacore fishery reveal shifting social-ecological realities for Pacific Northwest fishermen, The Trajectory of Transformative Research as an Inclusive Qualitative Research Approach to Social Issues, The nominal group technique in ecology & conservation: Application and challenges, Conservation social science: Understanding and integrating human dimensions to improve conservation, A guideline to improve qualitative social science publishing in ecology and conservation journals. All rights reserved. Using focus groups for evaluation 2. In this article, I contended that such approach is too subjective, undemocratic and overbearing. This tool rapidly and cost-effectively assists in identifying the potential risk of a fishing type regarding its bycatch stocks. Finally, we present a tool called Computer Mediated Dialogue (CMD) which was developed to enable exploration of electronic focus groups. %���� A focus group is a small, but demographically similar group of people and whose reactions are studied especially in market research or political analysis in guided or open discussions about a new product or something else to determine the reactions that can be expected from a larger population. The making of men: Masculinities, sexualities and, Qualitative research and motivation research. spiritual, cultural, economic and ethical) knowledge sources and (b) developing durable knowledge generation and curation platforms to co-ordinate long-term research efforts. Involves two moderators working together, This involves two moderators who purposefully take opposing sides. nonverbal behavior, group dynamics, emergent themes). Barriers and enablers that key in selecting the most suitable renewable energy sources for developing economies for the renewable energy development have been identified from extensive analyses of research documents alongside qualitative data from the focus group discussions (FGD). 6. The main characteristic of a focus group is the interaction between the moderator and the group, as well as the interaction between group members. In this type of focus group discussion, researchers recruit some of, is thought to impact on the dynamics of the group by influencing par, ticipants’ answers, thereby increasing the chances of varied and more, Under these circumstances, researchers, adaptation of traditional methods. Focus Groups Focus groups are essentially a “series of discussions to obtain perceptions on a defined area of interest” (Krueger and Casey, 2009: 2). Whilst the household survey tried to gather data on ‘what’ and ‘how much’, the focus group exercises were designed to answer the questions ‘why’, ‘how’, and ‘for whom’. 3 0 obj This article arises out of a review of focus group methodology conducted for the Department of Social Medicine at Bristol University in March 1997. The literature also reiterated the place of positivism/post-positivism paradigm (quantitative approach) in interrogating these social issues. These include high failure rate in Mathematics level 4, which consequently affects the College throughput and Certification rate at level 4, not only this but the comprehension of real issues, that is, TVET College education is exam-oriented, very often lecturers relay on teacher centered approach to disseminate concepts such as Mathematical Geometry (MG) to student in an abstract manner. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a method of data collection which is frequently used to collect in-depth qualitative data in various descriptive studies such as case studies, phenomenological and naturalistic studies). Focus groups are a form of qualitative research that is commonly used in product marketing and marketing research, but it is a popular method within sociology as well. The authors use examples, drawn from their own focus groups research experience, and provide exercises for further study. The developed content was deployed in real classroom setting to see how students received the contents and how well they processed the learning activities. Some of the focus groups advantages are as follows: 1. (1988) Focus Group as qualitative research. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis and the results thereof indicated that indeed, IK can be utilized as an alternative. Important note: If you’re hoping to do serious journal-worthy qualitative analysis, this post might not be for you. Focus group discussion is frequently used as a qualitative approach to gain an in-depth understanding of social issues. Arrange questions in a way that flows naturally 5. Kamberelis, G., & Dimitriadis, G. (2005). Focus group discussion is frequently used as a qualitative approach to gain an in-depth understanding of social issues. The facilitator is the person guiding the discussion. More than half of the studies (n = 101) did not report the sample size and group size (n = 93), whereas 54 studies did not mention the number of focus group discussion sessions while reporting results. Focus group discussion can be utilised within a suite of techniques in a multi‐method research design, as a principal research method in its own right, or as a form of participatory action research to empower participants and promote social change (Wilkinson, 1998, 1999). Sage, Thousand Oaks Krippendorff K (2011) Principles of design and a trajectory of artific iality, Comparison of focus group and individual interview methodology in examining patient satisfaction with nursing care, Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research, Competing paradigms in qualitative research. 2. Focus group discussion is a research methodology in which a small group of participants gather to discuss a specified topic or an issue to generate data. study finally established its own inquiry design mode for online science class with the flow of understanding of problem, sep up hypothesis, problem solving, and solution analysis. Sexuality Research and Social Policy: Journal of NSRC. hunting, agriculture, natural resource, legal and illegal natural resources users. disclosure of data and information (Kamberelis & Dimitriadis, 2005). A�Ϳ��� @ �E����c The Focus Group (FG) has been actually employed by marketing, and is becoming importanct also in other areas; such as, education, health, management, decision-making, and information systems, among others. Qualitative data analysis for applied policy. Here, we describe the evolution of harvest portfolios amongst Pacific Northwest fishermen over 35+ years with explicit attention to changes in the structure and function of the albacore (Thunnus alalunga, Scombridae) troll and pole-and-line fishery. relationships between and among categories (Miles & Huberman, documenting the value of indigenous knowledge s, We identified 170 papers (henceforth studies with references, negotiation and evaluation of research problems and findings between. The methodology of Focus Groups 105 tidpants. This paper examines the scope and purpose of eighteen subfields of classic, interdisciplinary and applied conservation social sciences and articulates ten distinct contributions that the social sciences can make to understanding and improving conservation. endobj The focus group, Harisha, R. P., & Padmavathy, S. (2013). Although approaches, should be the impact on the discussion. The Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Report is based on findings from 17 FGDs and one international 1325 expert conference, held in 16 countries with over 200 participants.1 The report informs the Global Study on Women, Peace and Security, called by UNSCR 2122 to "highlight examples of good practice, implementation gaps and are aware of and beginning to use technology to enhance their meetings, there has been very little research exploring electronic focus groups. and C.J.D. ˝��7w�����GN�PJfV�|{|�DF��0�(�T��^e�?���^'"��x����i죗�.�&#�t�b�1Z��ȕ�yI6����߈��=���L�Nr/4׃�W��'k�M$}iE&KCT��r�a��&s4})'LƳ����[�I-���nHg�!�01Q��#�����F4���c��ɓ�%�Lg6��c���� �����l������T�+'?�n���*U.y�����/�Ì��t! We have provided guidelines to improve the standard of reporting and future application of the technique for conservation. Preparing for focus group discussion 8. Focus Groups Focus groups are essentially a “series of discussions to obtain perceptions on a defined area of interest” (Krueger and Casey, 2009: 2). You use a focus group in qualitative research. type of data: 'Focus groups explicitly use group interaction as part of the method' (Kitzinger 1995: 299). The group shares their feedback, opinions, knowledge, and insights about the topic at hand. It emphasizes the need for improved data collection on species-specific life-history traits. As ecological change and regulatory reform have restricted access to a number of fisheries, many of the regional small (<45 ft) and medium (45-60 ft) boat fishermen who continue to pursue diverse livelihood strategies have increasingly relied upon the ability to opportunistically target albacore in coastal waters while retaining more of the value generated by such catch. I argue that the best and most productive form of research design that could adequately respond to the social problems is the Participatory Action Research (PAR), lensed through Transformative Paradigm (TP). knowledge ecosystem) and linked through high-level actions. been used as a methodological tool in conservation in the last 20, We used a combination of “Focus Group Discussion*” AND “conserv*,”, OR “ecology,” OR “biodivers*,” where “*”, for alternative word endings, in a search query within, base (https://www.scopus.com), from 1996 to 2016 (accessed on 20th, (2006). Advantages and Disadvantages of Focus Groups in Research. A focus group discussion (or FGD) is a qualitative research method in the social sciences, with a particular emphasis and application in the developmental program evaluation sphere. ism: The role of Botswana Forest Reserves. In a brief time the moderator must create a thoughtful, permissive atmosphere, provide ground rules, and set the tone of the discussion. Furthermore, evidence suggests that mixed gender groups, of contentious debate (Krueger & Casey, 2000). It is also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires. Experiences in research exploration have revealed how best to respond to social issues in education research, most especially that bothers on social relationships and differences, among others. The use of focus groups is a research method that is intended to collect data, through interactive and directed discussions by a researcher. In addition, there are no readily available guidelines for conservation researchers. Data or results are returned to participants to check for accuracy and resonance with their experiences. Focus group dis-cussion is a technique where a researcher assembles a group of indi-viduals to discuss a specific topic, aiming to draw from the complex personal experiences, beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the par-ticipants through a moderated interaction (Cornwall & Jewkes, 1995; This review and supporting materials provides a succinct yet comprehensive reference for conservation scientists and practitioners. It functions with the help of a skilled moderator who facilitates a discussion with a small, selected group of participants for a specific amount of time. (1994). ing in ecology and conservation journals. Focus groups provide a qualitative method of data collection. The study, therefore, formulates Socio-thematic Analysis (StA) as a new technique of data analysis which enables social issue researchers to rationalise the sociality of the people living with the problem. conduct since all the target participants and the r, an important consideration for researchers with resour, meeting them in their usual places of work or r. and biases, including strategic group biases (e.g. A focus group discussion is a group discussion of 6-12 persons guided by a The discussions are kept under control: The discussions in the focus groups can be kept under control. Knowledge and use, Heary, C. M., & Hennessy, E. (2002). A moderator or interviewer facilitates the discussion and creates an environment that promotes the communication … 5. Here, we reviewed the applications of focus group discussion within biodiversity and conservation research between 1996 and April 2017. Our finding revealed 82 % accordance level between the exploitation rate and PSA-derived vulnerability scores. During a focus group, a group of individuals—usually 6-12 people—is brought together in a room to engage in a guided discussion … The paper makes explicit the process undertaken by key stakeholders in assessing and determining the suitability, feasibility and dynamics of the renewable energy sector. thinks (or by observing their interactions) often, group to different conclusions than those. research (Wilkinson, 1998) and marketing research (Morgan, Krueger. Nominal Group Technique (Hugé & Mukherjee, qualitative data collection approach and a, Orr, 1992). FGD, or also known as the group interviewing method can be based on structured, semi-structured, or unstructured interviews [15,16] and can generate data [17,18,19] which can be both descriptive and explanatory, ... Francis, and Cheah [29] likewise argued that one way of identifying the mechanism of a potential moderator is through discussion with experts in the area under study, and that qualitative data is also a necessary avenue to discover and recommend pertinent potential moderating effect but is otherwise verifiably tested in the field of study. one-to-one interviews. analysis (Charmaz, 2006; Glaser, 1978, 1992; Glaser, a focus group discussion since it affords the researcher an, and the one step involving the ethnographic analysis that, the researcher eliminates, combines or subdivides, mit a detailed interpretative account of the everyday social processes. Focus Group Discussions . Guidelines for conducting a focus group 6. Implications and future directions for practice, research, and policy are explored. 3. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a research method in the social sciences, with a particular emphasis and application in the developmental program evaluation sphere (Doody, Slevin, & Taggart, 2013). Future desirable livelihoods that emerged include tourism enterprise development, small-scale irrigation, wildlife and livestock improvement, and energy generation. Yet, a lack of awareness of the scope and uncertainty about the purpose of the conservation social sciences impedes the conservation community's effective engagement with the human dimensions. Researchers can use differ, lead to convenience sampling by selecting participants based on their, variety of perspectives and small enough not to become disorderly or. The information gained from the FGD gives insights to the outlook and challenges that are central to energy transition within the country, alongside the perceptions of renewable energy development from the influential stakeholders contributing to the process. T.O.N. Data is collected through a semi-structured group interview process. data (Dubrovsky, Kiesler, & Sethna, 1991). lose focus and interest in the topic quicker than adults. Parents share their views on local child care programs, and on what could be done to improve them. This was argued with an exposition of philosophical assumptions underpinning the choice TP from it axiological, ontological, epistemological and methodological stance. nique is not a rigorous method for data collection. Although the use of focus group, that researchers in conservation have not adequately reported on the, cern as it gives the false impression that. The. Using scenario planning for stakeholder engagement in livelihood futures in the Great Limpopo Transf... Urban Early Adolescent Narratives on Sexuality: Accidental and Intentional Influences of Family, Pee... Electronic focus groups: A framework for exploration, Inquiry based Online Contents Development for Elementary Science Class. Co-workers and friends are more comfortable in voicing views in each other’s company than on their own with the researcher. Focus groups are a form of qualitative research that is commonly used in product marketing and marketing research, but it is a popular method within sociology as well. The method aims to obtain data from a purposely selected group of individuals rather than from a statistically representative sample of a broader population. (pp. Though diversification and flexibility have historically helped marine resource users negotiate risk and adversity, much of modern fisheries management treats fishermen as specialists using specific gear types to target specific species. Examples: A focus group of parents of preschoolers meets to discuss child care needs. focus group discussion is a commonly used method. Focus groups are a data collection method. Focus group discussions are becoming an increasingly popular methodology in primary healthcare research. NM was, Environmental Decisions (CE11001000104). Member checking is often mentioned as one in a list of validation techniques. Focus group discussion is frequently used as a qualitative approach to gain an in-depth understanding of social issues. The first shows how dynamic demography-based models of invasive spread permit rapid translation of new research to updated forecasts. (2003) used Nominal Group Technique (a more structured and narrow version of focus-group methodology) to explore student experiences of fieldwork. In case if multiple countries wer, 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014, constructions to drive environmental objectives and understanding, nature constructions based on age and location, for. 2. We noted serious gaps in the reporting of the methodological details in the reviewed papers. The ideas and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the regulations to follow. Our review was based on 146 studies from across nine ecology and conservation journals. Focus groups can help clarify such perplexing information. Challenges associated with focus groups are most often attributed to two main factors: the facilitator and the basic nature of group discussions … Sage, UK. Although still not widely used, NGT has been used in ecology and conservation to achieve four main goals: to support biodiversity management, to identify stake-holder preferences and attitudes, to prioritize in capacity-building exercises and to explore novel concepts. (2002) used focus groups to explore student experiences of Personal Development Plans, whilst Fuller et al. 2. In addition, the increasing. younger and older people living in rural and urban areas (240). Focus group discussion sessions lasted for 90 (median) minutes. 1 0 obj In brief, the conservation social sciences can be valuable to conservation for descriptive, diagnostic, disruptive, reflexive, generative, innovative, or instrumental reasons. Two key features of the focus group come from the name: The research is focused, and the format is a group. Focus group methodology generates distinct ethical challenges that do not correspond fully to those raised by one-to-one interviews. T.O.N., K.W. <> In research, focus group discussions (FGD) are a more formal way of getting groups of people to discuss selected issues. 2 0 obj Focus group discussion is a research methodology in which a small group of participants gather to discuss a specified topic or an issue to generate data. They address the three main components of composition, conduct and analysis in focus group research and also acknowledge the increasing impact the Internet has had on social research by covering the role and conduct of `virtual focus groups'. endobj ]WY:Ű�4��5��y��I�/����1+�Z����v`L��2^�9�7� 7�y]0� $fR:/}ޏV�.9�tP��&�I:S��o��'����z�&��%!��/ҙK���'��W+!0\�Z��3�XTEK���ma��.�Y�Ԑbmū ��!��Z�=�x����?|�@0�d�,YVd�M:3ə�֛s��U�'�v��~`��K�� 8��3��/S`a=�!%���LOO���C�*��. It is not a free-flowing discussion, per se; in fact, a moderator may need to regularly put the focus group … The group members are allowed to discuss with one another to reach a common answer. Rarely have the studies provided any information on the rationale for choosing the technique. A great deal of the skepticism about the value of focus groups probably arises from the Thus, this approach would provide for a more relevant inclusion of knowledge that would cater for indigenous students from all cultural groupings in the diverse South African society. Focus groups are facilitated group discussions. Two key challenges to resolving this problem are: (a) integrating science-based and values-based (e.g. 4. This is due to many constraints faced in the Department of Higher Education.

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