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geography of russia

Western Russia makes up the largest part of one of the great lowland areas of the world, the Russian Plain (also called the East European Plain), which extends into Russia from the western border eastward for 1,000 miles (1,600 km) to the Ural Mountains and from the Arctic Ocean more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km) to the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian Sea. Given these topological factors, Russia may be subdivided into six main relief regions: the Kola-Karelian region, the Russian Plain, the Ural Mountains, the West Siberian Plain, the Central Siberian Plateau, and the mountains of the south and east. From 1970 to Serfdom endured well into the modern era; the years of Soviet communist rule (1917–91), especially the long dictatorship of Joseph Stalin, saw subjugation of a different and more exacting sort. The topography and climate, however, resemble those of the northernmost portion of the North American continent. In age-groups above forty-five, women greatly outnumber men. This acutely uneven distribution of human and natural resources is a striking feature of Russian geography and population. Much of the country lacks proper soils and climates (… demographic event. National GDP: $2,383,000,000,000 Government of Russia. The large Kuban and Kuma plains of the North Caucasus are separated by the Stavropol Upland at elevations of 1,000 to 2,000 feet (300 to 600 metres). The most prominent of Russia's bodies of fresh water is Lake Baikal, the world's deepest and most capacious freshwater lake. Mountains. Russia has a largely continental climate because of its sheer size and compact configuration. The earliest settlements in the country sprang up along the rivers, where most of the urban population continues to live. Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, and Belarusians) are the most numerous of the more than 100 European and Asiatic nationalities. Karelia is a low, ice-scraped plateau with a maximum elevation of 1,896 feet (578 metres), but for the most part it is below 650 feet (200 metres); low ridges and knolls alternate with lake- and marsh-filled hollows. The Amur system drains most of southeastern Siberia. Russia is the largest country in the world with an … About 33 percent of Russia's population lives in this zone, which, together with a band of mixed forest to its south, includes most of the European part of Russia and the ancestral lands of the earliest Slavic settlers. and along the Pacific coast. Stanovoy Range, which runs west to east from northern Lake Baikal to the Sea of Okhotsk, is 2,550 meters. It captures the richness of Russian society and reflects its contradictions. Russia has thousands of rivers and inland bodies of water, providing it with one of the world's largest surface-water resources. Race to the Moon The Sun-Earth's Closest Star (Grades 1-2) disasters have had significant long-term effects. The In broad geographic terms, most of the Russian landscape consists of two plains (the East European Plain and the West Siberian Plain), two lowlands (the North Siberian and the Kolyma), two plateaus (the Central Siberian Plateau and the Lena Plateau), an… In the eastern section the bulk of the terrain is mountainous, although there are some extensive lowlands. Geographically, it has been traditional to divide Russia's vast territory into five natural zones: the tundra; the taiga, or forest; the steppe, or plains; an arid zone; and a mountain zone. Cultural life and the “Tatar influence”, The reign of Peter I (the Great; 1689–1725), The reign of Catherine II (the Great; 1762–96), Government administration under Catherine, Education and social change in the 18th century, The Civil War and War Communism (1918–21), The Gorbachev era: perestroika and glasnost, Ethnic relations and Russia’s “near-abroad”, Consolidation of power, Syria, and campaign against the West, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Russia, Russia - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Russia - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Approximately 10 percent of Russian territory is classified as swampland. fluctuations in the mean summer and winter temperatures, impose special requirements on many branches of the economy. Four of the country's thirteen largest cities are located on its banks: Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia; Geography; Geography of Russia. People watch for it impatiently, turning repeatedly to look outside. On and below the surface of the land are extensive reserves of natural resources that provide the nation with enormous potential wealth. Truly alpine terrain appears in the southern mountain ranges. As a result, densely Meanwhile, depletion of water and fuel resources in the European part outpaces exploitation of resource-rich Siberia, the famously forbidding land stretching from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean. The Russian landscape varies from sandy and frozen deserts, tall mountains to giant marshes. The Dnepr, which flows mainly Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Geographical Coordinates: 60 00 N, 100 00 E Major Landforms: Russia is the largest country in... Economy of Russia. Omissions? google_ad_client = "pub-3994295485955294"; Although the demise of Soviet-style communism and the subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union brought profound political and economic changes, including the beginnings of the formation of a large middle class, for much of the postcommunist era Russians had to endure a generally weak economy, high inflation, and a complex of social ills that served to lower life expectancy significantly. The Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ (commonly known as the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood) is illuminated at night in St. Petersburg, Russia. Where is Russia and what are some of its key human and physical features? the Arctic Circle. This is the largest natural zone of the Russian Federation, an area about the size of the United States. It affects where and how long people live and work, what kinds of crops are grown, and where they are grown (no part of the country has a year-round growing season). The However, most of Russia's rivers and streams belong to the Arctic drainage basin, which lies mainly in Siberia but also includes part of European Russia. It captures the richness of Russian society and reflects its contradictions. between north and south. Numerous smaller lakes dot the northern regions of the European and Siberian plains. Key Stage 3, Geography The geography of Russia. Although the climate adds a layer of difficulty to daily life, the land is a generous source of crops and materials, including vast reserves of oil, gas, and precious metals. Russia, the largest country in the world, occupies one-tenth of all the land on Earth. Author of, The western Greater Caucasus range near Mount Dombay-Ulgen, Stavropol. Forty of Russia's rivers longer than 1,000 kilometers are east of the Urals, including the three major rivers that drain Siberia as they flow northward to the Arctic Ocean: the Irtysh-Ob' system (totaling 5,380 kilometers), the Yenisey (4,000 kilometers), and the Lena (3,630 kilometers). The republics include a wide variety of peoples, including northern Europeans, Tatars, Caucasus peoples, and indigenous Siberians. The taiga, which is the world's largest forest region, contains mostly coniferous spruce, fir, cedar, and larch. northwest as the Crimean and Carpathian mountains and southeastward into Central Asia as the Tian Shan and Pamirs. from impressive, and they do not serve as a formidable natural barrier. The highest peak, Mount Narodnaya, is 1,894 meters, lower than the highest of the Appalachian Mountains. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Russia ranks sixth in the world in population, trailing China, India, the United States, Indonesia, and Brazil. Between the Black and Caspian seas, the Caucasus Mountains rise to impressive heights, forming a boundary between Europe and Asia. The West Siberian Plain, which is the world's largest, extends east from the Urals to the Yenisey River. difference of more than 4,500 meters between the nearest mountain, 2,840 meters high, and the deepest part of the lake, which is 1,700 meters below sea level. the country and forming the spine of the Kamchatka Peninsula, and lesser mountains extending along the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan). Asian Russia Once the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.; commonly known as the Soviet Union), Russia became an independent country after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991. The Volga, Europe's longest river, is by far Russia's most important commercial waterway. The terrain, climate, and settlement patterns of Siberia are similar to those of Alaska and Canada. What is the geographical significance of the Russian Plain? Corrections? It occupies most of eastern Europe and north Asia, stretching from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea and the Caucasus in the south. through Belarus and Ukraine, has its headwaters in the hills west of Moscow. about 8 million square kilometers, discharging nearly 50,000 cubic meters of water per second into the Arctic Ocean. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Russia Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. With a few changes of status, most of the Soviet-era administrative and territorial divisions of the Russian Republic were retained in constituting the Russian Federation. Geographical Highlights of Russia Curving around the North Pole in a huge arc, Russia (the Russian Federation) spans almost half the globe from east to west and about 4,000 kilometers from north to south. Russian geography - Regions of Russia Russia is a country about 1.8 times the size of the US occupying the vast area between Europe and the North Pacific Ocean. In the northeastern portion of this belt, long and severe winters frequently bring the world's coldest temperatures is located east of the Urals in rivers flowing through sparsely populated territory and into the Arctic and Pacific oceans. Russia is the largest country on earth. In contrast, areas with the highest concentrations of population, and therefore the highest demand for water supplies, tend to have the warmest climates and highest rates of evaporation. Even here, however, agricultural yields are sometimes adversely affected by unpredictable levels of precipitation and occasional catastrophic droughts. The 1917 revolution and the changes it brought were reflected in the works of such noted figures as the novelists Maxim Gorky, Boris Pasternak, and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and the composers Dmitry Shostakovich and Sergey Prokofiev. And finally, Russia had long-lasting geopolitical Traditions, which continue to influence its current geostrategy. traffic. The Kama River, which flows west from the southern Urals to join the Volga in the Republic of Tatarstan, is a second key European water system whose banks are densely populated. Lake Baikal alone holds 85 percent of the freshwater resources of the lakes in Russia and 20 percent of the world's total. It inhabits land on two continents (European Russia being divided from Asia by the Ural Mountains), but since the reign of Peter the Great Russia’s outlook has predominantly been westward. The inhabitants of Russia are quite diverse. The highest is the 4,750-meter Klyuchevskaya Volcano, the highest point in the Russian Far East. And the late Soviet and postcommunist eras witnessed a revival of interest in once-forbidden artists such as the poets Vladimir Mayakovsky and Anna Akhmatova while ushering in new talents such as the novelist Victor Pelevin and the writer and journalist Tatyana Tolstaya, whose celebration of the arrival of winter in St. Petersburg, a beloved event, suggests the resilience and stoutheartedness of her people: The snow begins to fall in October. Most of the plain's population lives in the drier section south of 55 north latitude. Russia: geography and landscape As the world’s largest country, Russia occupies one-tenth of all the land on Earth. It has an area of 10, 672,000 sq. Most of the Russian population is concentrated in the European portion of the country, especially in the fertile region surrounding Moscow, the capital. Russia's topography includes the world's deepest lake and Europe's highest mountain and longest river. because of its moderate temperatures and normally adequate levels of sunshine and moisture. Kamchatka also is one of Russia's two centers of seismic activity (the other is the Caucasus). Moscow and meandering southeastward for 3,510 kilometers before emptying into the Caspian Sea. East of the Volga is the large Caspian Depression, parts of which lie more than 90 feet (25 metres) below sea level. Russia, country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. Quite simply, geography is the study of the world and Russia is the world’s largest country! It also extends from the Arctic Ocean south to northern Kazakhstan and the … Kolyma, in far northeastern Siberia), two plateaus (the Central Siberian Plateau and the Lena Plateau to its east), and a series of mountainous areas mainly concentrated in the extreme northeast or extending intermittently along the southern border. The region directly east of the West Siberian Plain is the Central Siberian Plateau, which extends eastward from the Yenisey River valley to the Lena River valley. Russia has nine major mountain ranges. To the south Russia borders North Korea, China, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. A number of other rivers drain Siberia from eastern mountain ranges into the Pacific Ocean. World Geography students are introduced to, or review, Russia's physical geography, history, and modern day life by completing a physical geography activity, playing "I have who has," and completing a 6 passage jigsaw (or stations) activity with a map 20 review questions (a mix of short answer and m An average of only twenty millimeters falls along the Russian-Kazak border, and as little as fifteen millimeters may fall along Siberia's Arctic coastline. juhoalander +4. by policy makers the "near abroad." In addition, during extended periods of darkness and cold, there are increased demands for energy, health care, and textiles. The mountain systems east of Lake Baikal are lower, forming a complex of minor ranges and valleys that reaches from the lake to the Pacific coast. About half of this vast area lies at elevations of less than 650 feet (200 metres) above sea level, and the highest point (in the Valdai Hills, northwest of Moscow) reaches only 1,125 feet (343 metres). Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Level 80. The geological structure of the Caucasus extends to the critical factor for agriculture, depends on both latitude and altitude. Most of Russia has only two seasons, summer and winter, with very short intervals of moderation between them. It is made up of the central and eastern portions of Russia and it encompasses the area from the Ural Mountains east to the Pacific Ocean. Most of the country is essentially uninhabited. federation, twice the size of Alaska. traditional dividing line between the east and the west is the Yenisey Valley. In 1995 the population of the Russian Federation was estimated at slightly less than 150 million. Extending for 57,792 kilometers, the Russian border is the world's longest--and, in the post-Soviet era, a source of substantial concern for national security. Russia’s climate is extreme, with forbidding winters that have several times famously saved the country from foreign invaders. Russia can boast a long tradition of excellence in every aspect of the arts and sciences. Europe, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. Frost weathering is the most important physical process here, gradually shaping a landscape that was severely modified by glaciation in the last ice age. The cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg have separate status at the oblast level. "Finally, a geography of Russia written by a Russian geographer for a Western audience. This distance is roughly equivalent to the distance from Edinburgh, Scotland, east Moscow is Russia's capital city and is the largest city in the country. The maximum height of the About 10 percent of Russia is tundra, or treeless, marshy plain. The Caucasus Mountains create an imposing natural barrier between Russia and its neighbors to the southwest, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Mineral-rich ancient rocks lie at or near the surface in many places. Perhaps the most relevant aspect of Russia’s economic geography is the fact that much of Russia’s land area is not economically useful. Extending nearly halfway around the Northern Hemisphere and covering much of eastern and northeastern Europe and all of northern Asia, Russia has a maximum east-west extent of some 5,600 miles (9,000 km) and a north-south width of 1,500 to 2,500 miles (2,500 to 4,000 km). In delineating the western edge of the Central Siberian Plateau from the West Siberian Plain, the Yenisey runs from near the Mongolian border northward into the Arctic Ocean west of the Taymyr Peninsula. The Volga is the third and by far the largest of the European systems, rising in the Valday Hills west of As of January 1, 2010, Moscow's population was 10,562,099, which also makes it one of the top ten largest cities in the world. Other neighbors include the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), China, Mongolia, Poland, Norway, and Finland. In winter an intense high-pressure system causes winds to blow from the south and the southwest in all but the Pacific region of the Russian landmass; in summer a low-pressure system brings winds from the north and the northwest to most of the landmass. Russia's inland bodies of water are chiefly a legacy of extensive glaciation. In regions of permafrost, buildings must be constructed on pilings, machinery must be made of specially tempered steel, and transportation systems must be engineered to perform reliably in extremely low and extremely Nevertheless, the detailed topography is quite varied. The largest administrative territorial divisions are in Siberia. Jun 15, 2017. Approximately how close is Russia to Alaska? 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