What makes the Africanis unique is that every aspect of it was shaped by natural, not human, selection. Africanis. Although the purity of the breed is sometimes contested by individuals purporting a theory that dogs brought by the Arab trade, Eastern seafarers, and Portuguese explorers might have "contaminated" the traditional African dog over the years. It was probably during the popular dog races of the time that the migrants first encountered the Greyhound. African Dog, Bantu Dog, Hottentot Hunting Dog, Khoikhoi Dog, Tswana breed dog, Zulu Dog, Umbwa Wa Ki-Shenzi : American White Shepherd, White Canadian Shepherd : Breed Type : Cross Breed : Purebred : Purebred : AKC Group : Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. - Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species. Fairly healthy breed. Sometimes wrongly attributed to starvation; the naturally slender build of an animal and slightly visible ribs are a normal condition of dogs in good health. Our work is not Public Domain. Dog Personality Questionnaire â Learn more about your dogâs traits; Pet Name Generator â Name ideas for your new dog or cat; Close; Guides. Expect to pay less for a puppy without papers, however, we do not recommend buying a puppy without papers. Its nervous constitution is steady, but the dog is always cautious in approaching new situations. Their hunting instincts and loyalty to their master and his property make them natural guard dogs without being overly aggressive. Africanis dogs are not typically finicky eaters. Color. These fossilized canines are the direct descendents of the wild wolves of Arabia and India, probably having arrived from the East during the Stone Age with traders exchanging goods with the people of the Nile valley. Dogs of various phenotypes that live in southern Africa have been given this classification. Today the true Africanis can still be found in tribal areas where people maintain their traditional lifestyle. The ridgeback types have been associated with a dermoid sinus and therefore breeding of ridgebacks is not encouraged. As Gallant pointed out: Also unlike Western breeds, the Africanis does not have a rigidly uniform appearance, although Gallant and â¦ In profile when sitting is very much like the dogs in Egyptian hieroglyphics. The most popular of the African dog breeds on this list, the Rhodesian Ridgeback ranked 42nd on the AKCâs list of topâ¦ The appearance of the breed tends to differ from region to region, with some dogs being taller, some shorter, some thicker, some leaner etc. The evidence supports this theory as it is clear that in Africa no canine domestication took place and that the Africanis is a descendent of dogs that were domesticated in the East that came to Africa through the migration of humans during the time.Modern science supports this theory through comparative blood typing from samples collected from Desert Bred Salukis and Africanis from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. The short, non-dense coat requires brushing once a week and bath every two weeks. They can are good pets for training, but it requires persistent work. By 650 AD the dog is found in the lower Tugela valley, and by 800 AD in a Khoisan settlement at Cape St Francis. It needs no pampering or special food, the Africanis is perfectly suited to survive and thrive in harsh conditions, with minimal sustenance. “It is my experience that the Africanis is a marvellous pet and house dog. This dog breed has been in wilderness for thousands of years, feeding on every thing. This dog is short-haired so grooming will be easy. These dogs have short durable coats that are fond in a wide range of colors with or without the tabby markings. It is generally very healthy dog breed. Comparison between Africanis Dog and Airedale Terrier Dog. They can are good pets for training, but it requires persistent work. It is the native migrant laborers who lived outside of the cities but worked inside of them that are primarily responsible for the post 19th century breed contamination of the Africanis. Height, Weight . The AfriCanis as a primitive hound is guided by the instinct of subservience, the very drive that made its distant ancestors prime candidates for domestication. It is very playful and intelligent. This natural evolution has made this dog very resistant to disease. Short, hard, thick coat; possible wire-haired variations. For most the head is wedge-shaped with an expressive face. Ironically the Africanis, a breed that has been around for centuries is recognized today by the the Kennel Union of Southern Africa (KUSA) as an emerging breed. Make sure any yard in which they can run loose has a fence high enough to prevent its determined efforts to escape and explore if the area is unsafe. compare height, weight, life span, litter size and more This breed is an average shedder. The Africanis is the original dog of Africa, a unique type shaped through the process of natural selection, not by human intervention or standardized breeding practices. The Africanis will do ok in an apartment and without a yard if it is taken for daily pack walks. Basenjis are athletic dogs, and deceptively powerful for their size. The strong survived to pass on their genetic traits, while the weak perished. The average Africanis weights 25-45 kg, with a height of 50-60cm, while females are slightly smaller. Although it is a hound with a swift chase response, it is able to live in and around the homesteads in the company of livestock without ever harming it. Contents & Graphics Copyright © Dog Breed Info Center® (C) 1998- var date = new Date(); document.write(date.getFullYear()); . The average Africanis weights 25-45 kg, with a height of 50-60cm, while females are slightly smaller. Bantu dog, Hottentot Hunting dog, Zulu dog, Tswana dog, Umbwa wa ki-shenzi. This finding supports archaeological evidence that the endemic AfriCanis breed was introduced from the Middle East into Africa thousands of years ago, and not through later western influences". To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. An attempt to develop a standardized breed, named AfriCanis, from Africanis foundation stock is underway by the Kennel Union of Southern Africa. Hundreds of years of evolution and genetic diversity have helped develop a breed that is free from the congenital defects found in today’s purebred dogs; it’s immune system has even developed so far as to help resist internal and external parasites. The Africanis can come in any color. They are a square breed, which means they are as long as they are tall with males usually larger than females. The Africanis dog is a recently acknowledged landrace of canine that developed naturally in South Africa. 20-24". Maybe of any color. Most tend to appear more long than tall; a possible adaptation for speed, these dogs tend be active and may or may not have a taller ridge of hair down the center of the back. The smooth, shorthaired, hard coat is easy to groom. Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. It is part of the cultural and biological heritage of Africa. It was Gallant that came up with the name for the breed by combining "canis" (dog) and its origin "Africa" to create “Africanis”. Territorial. Very loyal and courageous, medium size to big (25 to 45 kg) tremendous stamina, very playful and intelligent. Africanis is descended from the dogs pictured on Egyptian murals, the earliest record of the domestic dog in Africa being from the Nile delta, dated 4700 BC. For the most part the Africanis is a medium sized; muscularly build slender dog with a short coat, which comes in a variety of colors to include brown, black, brindle, white and most everything in between. If kept in a residential area, the Africanis dog should be walked daily to fulfill their primal canine instinct to walk. Dog Breeds. Good with kids and very social. This makes the Africanis breed one of only a handful of natural aboriginal dog breeds still left in the world. By 300 AD the Bantu peoples with domesticated dogs had migrated from the Great Lakes regions and reached modern KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa where they were later acquired by indigenous San hunter-gatherers and Khoi pastoralists. The Africanis is a short-coated, medium-sized dog, well-muscled and slightly longer than tall. How easy to gain weight for this dog? These and the Rhodesian Ridgeback are the only two indigenous African domesticated dogs; there are African Wild Dogs and jackals which live in the wild.". Africanis risk for obesity: Low to Average. They possess unbelievable stamina which topped by â¦ This is a dog that through the centuries has roamed freely close to humans in and around rural settlements. Is a Africanis the right Dog for you? Ask an expert. Where the earliest record of domestic dogs on the African continent comes in the form of fossils found in the Nile estuary. "This is a very good example of what has now been recognized as a breed indigenous to Africa and particularly southern Africa. In 650 AD we find dogs in the lower Tugela valley, and around 800 AD in the Khoisan settlement of modern day Cape St Francis, which indicates that there was contact and trade between the Bantu and Khoisan people. It is the ever changing culture and landscape of South Africa and its impact on rural societies, disdain for the traditional dog and the status that the ownership of an exotic breed provides, that poses an ever increasing threat to the survival of the native Africanis. Height: 20-24 inches (50-60 cm) Weight: 55-100 inches (25-45 kg) Colors: Black. Height/Weight. “. The modern Africanis is said to have descended from the dogs of early Egypt, such as the Saluki and not as a result of uncontrolled breeding by colonial dogs brought by settlers. Appearance and Grooming : Appearance â This dog comes in the medium size type category of dogs. In 2004, DNA research conducted by Greyling, L. and Grobler, P., Van der Bank, and Titled: 'Genetic characterization of a domestic dog Canis familiaris breed endemic to South African rural areas’ states: "An assignment test, fixation index values, gene flow and genetic distance values indicated a closer genetic association between the AfriCanis and the Saluki breeds than with dogs of Western origin. Unlike most dog breeds, whose appearance and disposition were intentionally modified by man, and are currently bred to fit within the sometimes absurd breed standards of the Kennel Clubs, the Africanis naturally evolved to survive in the often harsh conditions of Africa all on its own. Females: Slightly Less . The Africanis dog isnât a breed. The Africanis should be protected from the cold. Watchful. Brown "It is part of the cultural and biological heritage of Africa." Gallant describes the Africanis in the following way: "The Africanis is the result of natural selection and physical and mental adaptation to environmental conditions, it has not been 'selected' or 'bred' for appearance.” and "The beauty of this dog is embodied in the simplicity and functionality of its build.". It is a landrace. I have called this principle, by which each slight variation, if useful, is preserved, by the term Natural Selection. In addition, it should be given regular opportunities to run and play. Adopt a Africanis from a shelter near Redmond,WA. The term 'Africanis' is also an umbrella name for all the aboriginal dogs in southern Africa. The name 'AfriCanis' is a junction of âAfricaâ and 'Canis' (the Latin word for dog). Ask an expert. African Dog, Bantu Dog, Hottentot Hunting Dog, Khoikhoi Dog, Zulu Dog, Umbwa Wa Ki-Shenzi, Copyright © 2014, EasyPetMD Inc. All Rights Reserved. Although it does resemble several Western breeds and mixes, this dog is an Africanis. Gallant and Sithole spent years studying and photographing these remarkable animals near homesteads while roaming the KwaZulu-Natal. Size and Weight â An Africanis stands at almost 20-24 inches in height and can weigh anywhere between 25 to 45 kgsâ¦ Loose hair can be removed by wiping over with a warm, damp washcloth. The dog displays unspoiled social canine behavior with a high level of facial expressions and body language. Thus any physical description when used in reference to a breed standard is a general characterization at best. Africanis Weight. Males: Aproximately 23-27 inches, 50-65lbs . It can be of any colour and occasionally comes with a ridgeback. Good with kids and very social. The Africanis dog is a breed that is indigenous to the African continent, the Africanis or African Dog is âTHEâ hunting dogs of Africa. The Africanis (an abbreviation of African Canis) is a primitive dog from South Africa.Their Swahili name is umbwa wa ki-shenzi, which translates to 'common or traditional dog'.Each region has its own unique type, making it impossible to conform them to a specific standard. The Africanis is naturally independent by nature but tends to respond well to training; usually making good pets that are safe to have around the house. History: The Africanis is the original dog of Africa, a unique type shaped through the process of natural selection, not by human intervention or standardized breeding practices. (Regarding the ridged back, according to the Africanis Society of South Africa: A ridge of varying form can exceptionally be seen on the back. Weight: 10 â 16 kg This dog is a small-sized dog with a slender build. Appearance. Africa. The Africanis is ideally suited to survive in the harsh conditions of Africa, without the aid of pampering and grooming. A Guide to Body Condition Scoring in Dogs â Work out your dogâs body condition score, an easy and accurate way to determine if you dog is a healthy weight. It stands for 'dog of Africa' and refers to the subequatorial native African dogs, namely the aboriginal dogs which for centuries have been an integral part of the life of the Bantu â¦ Basenjis typically weigh about 9.1â10.9 kg (20â24 lb) and stand 41â46 cm (16â18 in) at the shoulder. The Africanis breed is known for being an easy animal to care for and groom. 24â45 kgs (55-100 lbs) Height. This is the price you can expect to budget for an Africanis with papers but without breeding rights nor show quality. 5. Believed to have descended from the hounds and pariah dogs of ancient africa, this breed is still found today in tribal areas where people have maintained their traditional lifestyle. This has created a need for the Africanis to have both for space itself and humans for companionship. It was through the efforts of Johan Gallant, President of the Africanis Society of Southern Africa and his colleague Joseph Sithole that the Africanis was rescued from the stigma of not being recognized as a breed; simply considered to be a feral or common mongrel of mixed origin. Trainable. In fact, its African heritage goes back 7000 years. 20â24 inches (50â60 cms) Life Expectancy. Independent. Guided by its instinct of subservience it will steal your heart before you realise it,” Gallant says. They are medium sized dogs who are friendly, but also independent and territorial. All Rights Reserved. It was their conclusion that these dogs were not a hodgepodge of various breeds thrown together over time, but that they were a unique breed of dog, with their own distinctive behavior and appearance. This breed reaches a height of around 50 to 60cm in adulthood, and a weight of roughly 25 to 45kg. The current median price for all Africanis sold is $0.00. Recently recognized by the Kennel Union of South Africa (KUSA) as an emerging breed, the Africanis is the native dog of Africa. The Africanis is a landrace of dog endemic to Sub-Equatorial Africa. What makes the Africanis unique is that the dog was shaped by natural, not human, selection. Dogs in one region may have slightly longer ears, while those of another may not, while all the dogs of a single region will tend to be more or less similar in appearance. Africanis vs Airedale Terrier. Essentially, it is any dog that isnât part of a breed that has an indigenous origin in southern Africa. The Africanis Society of Southern Africa argues that the Africanis is not a breed but a "landrace," (meaning bred without a formal registry) whereas kennel clubs â such as the Kennel Union of South Africa (KUSA) â claim that the dog is an emergent breed. The most popular crossing of the time was to use a Greyhound, as this would improve the speed of the Africanis making them even more ideal hunting dogs. In Swahili the name for the breed is 'umbwa wa ki-shenzi' meaning common or mongrel or "traditional dog". This again goes back to its evolution, in that a prominent physical characteristic that serves it well in one region may be of less use in another. There is no set physical standard to which one can apply to the Africanis, as it has evolved naturally through time of its own accord. The nature of variations in the Africanis "breed" may or may not be thoroughly documented, and even calling them a breed is contested. Africanis: Other names: African Dog, Bantu Dog, Hottentot Hunting Dog, Khoikhoi Dog, Tswana breed dog, Zulu Dog, Umbwa Wa Ki-Shenzi: Origin: South Africa: Breed Group: Hound: Size: Medium: Type: Purebred: Life span: 10-12 years: Temperament: Friendly. The Africanis is very loyal and courageous with tremendous stamina. The strong survived to pass on their genetic traits, while the weak perished. These dogs have been called African Hunting dogs for a long time. The AfriCanis displays unspoiled social canine behaviour with a high level of facial expressions and body language towards congeners and humans. In the following centuries valued by South Africa's indigenous populations for their hardiness, intelligence, loyalty and hunting ability the Africanis evolved through the process of natural selection into the endemic hunting dog of southern Africa. Africanis is a landrace of South African dogs which is believed to be ancient in origin and a direct descended from the hounds and pariah dogs that belong to the ancient Africa. The AfriCanis in the future. Description "Africanis" is an umbrella name for all the aboriginal dogs in Southern Africa. "For centuries, the fittest and cleverest dogs survived to give us one of the rare remaining natural dog races in the world.". The Material contained herein may not be reproduced without the prior written approval of the author. 3. In the present day, these crosses between Africanis and Greyhound are called Ibhanzi and not considered to be a traditional dog. Unlike Western dog breeds, whose appearance and disposition have been determined by the human standards of the Kennel Clubs, the Africanis evolved to survive in the often harsh conditions of Africa. Height: 20-24 inches (50-60 cm) Weight: 55-100 inches (25-45 kg) The Africanis has a low to the average risk for obesity. 55-100 lbs. Itâs as African as our soil and has been by manâs side since as early as 570 AD when it roamed the Southern African plains with local Khoi- and Bantu-speaking tribes. As new western breeds were brought in by foreigners during colonization, migrant workers would take them out of the cities where they were allowed to breed with the indigenous Africanis. Africanis is actually a generally accepted term for the locally adapted dogs of South Africa. "The Africanis is the real African dog - shaped in Africa, for Africa," says Gallant.