The Council of Europe Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and the Council of Europe's European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages set up a legal framework for language rights in Europe. The definition by CIA excludes Turkey, which is partially in Europe. The Western European region is very much advanced in its economy. What are all 24 countries of Western Europe? Just the same, how many can you actually identify without cheating? Western Europe Population History / Western Europe Population Projections. Learn western europe countries with free interactive flashcards. However, there is a lot more to the country. Map of Central Europe. UkraineEastern Europe refers to Europe’s eastern parts. The Western Roman Empire collapsed, starting the Early Middle Ages. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections. It contained the seven countries listed above. The western and northwestern parts have a mild, generally humid climate, influenced by the North Atlantic Current. 4 Western Europe Germany. Western European countries are Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and Switzerland. $54,317.51. List of countries in Europe. As a region of Europe, Western Europe is composed of 9 independent countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Switzerland) and 2 territories (Guernsey, Jersey). Eastern Europe was under communist control that time. The confusion exists because Western Europe is not an official zone like you would regard EU or EFTA, which have specific memberships. By. Malta had the highest number of asylum applications in the region, followed by France, Greece and Sweden. Croatia. The non-EU countries of Western Europe are to a significant extent integrated into the EU’s internal market, in particular as concerns the members of the European Economic Area (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and Switzerland, with relations being unparalleled in their scope and depth. In 1948 the Treaty of Brussels was signed between Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. By contrast, the Eastern Roman Empire, mostly known as the Greek or Byzantine Empire, survived and even thrived for another 1000 years. Home >Europe > Western European Countries and Capitals This is list of Western European countries and their capitals along with area, population and language details. List of countries in Europe. The countries of Western Europe have high standards of living compared with world standards. The southern countries of Portugal, Greece, and southern Italy are more agrarian and have been struggling economically since the global recession began in 2007. Its use has changed over time. Historically, Latvia has been under different rules including Swedish, Polish, Livonian, German, and Russian as well as forced incorporation into the Soviet Union just before the onset of World War II. Share; Tweet; 1 Western Europe Austria. By Area, Largest to Smallest . According to this definition, Western Europe is formed by countries with dominant Roman Catholic and Protestant churches, including countries which are considered part of Central Europe now: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Western Europe refers to the western part of Europe. This term had been used during World War II by German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels and, later, Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk in the last days of the war; however, its use was hugely popularized by Winston Churchill, who used it in his famous "Sinews of Peace" address on 5 March 1946 at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri: From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.  The term was still in use in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and United Kingdom are the official countries that form the Western Europe according to CIA classification. I don't know all of them and it is making it very hard to label my map. Therefore, some people would see it as a group of ten countries. The climate of Western Europe varies from subtropical and semi-arid in the coasts of Italy, Portugal and Spain to alpine in the Pyrenees and the Alps. Eastern Europe was a conglomeration of countries that the USSR annexed and countries that were subservient to the USSR. Western Europe: Countries - Map Quiz Game: When most people say “Europe,” they are really thinking of just a few countries in Western Europe. Western Europe is a geographic region of Europe.This term does not have a precise definition. When one thinks of Scotland, the chequered kilts and bagpipes come to mind. The economics of the region and economics of the countries in or around this region also shape the definition. Hungary 5. Alp region, Western Europe, Central Europe, North Italy, North Iberia, British isles, etc. Western Europe Population History / Western Europe Population Projections. All six countries have the Euro as their common currency, they are all within the same time zone (CET: 0) and the political and economic structures are relatively stable. It had Belgium, Netherlands, France, Great Britain, Ireland, Spain and Portugal. Western culture is commonly said to include: Australia, Canada, all European member countries of the EFTA and EU, the European microstates, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. , Other Western European languages include the Celtic group (that is, Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Manx, Welsh, Cornish and Breton) and Basque, the only currently living European language isolate. Western European countries are Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and Switzerland. 08/04/2013. The CIA recognizes seven countries as belonging to the Western Europe and these include the Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and United Kingdom. Europe time zones map. The term Far West became synonymous with Western Europe in China during the Ming dynasty. Many countries of Western Europe combine successful industry with abundant agriculture and a booming tourist trade. 8 out of 15 Countries To Visit in Western Europe Scotland, a part of the UK, is located in northwestern Europe and is one of the most important countries in the continent. In Ricci's writings, Ricci referred to himself as "Matteo of the Far West". Southern Europe's definition may be extended to include Balkan countries that are traditionally placed in Eastern Europe. The previous definition adopted by the CIA includes five of the seven countries.  There is really no clear answer, as there is no clear definition of Western Europe. The Republic of Latvia is a Baltic state bordering Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia. Norway, Sweden, Finland, Ireland, England, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, France, Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Italy. , Using the CIA classification a little more liberally and including "South-Western Europe", would give the following calculation of Western Europe's population.. Due to this religious cleavage, Eastern Orthodox countries are often associated with Eastern Europe. The World Bank Group (WBG) has established ambitious goals to galvanize international and national efforts to end extreme poverty within a generation and to promote shared prosperity. Other people and organizations define Western Europe geographically, with some considering only France, UK, Spain and Portugal best fit for this description. Europe's total geographical area is about ten million square kilometres. This is Western Europe ONLY! After the conquest of the Byzantine Empire, center of the Eastern Orthodox Church, by the Muslim Ottoman Empire in the 15th century, and the gradual fragmentation of the Holy Roman Empire (which had replaced the Carolingian Empire), the division between Roman Catholic and Protestant became more important in Europe than that with Eastern Orthodoxy. The confusion is because the term is not official like the EU. Since the Great Schism of 1054, Europe has been divided between Roman Catholic and Protestant churches in the West and the Eastern Orthodox Christian (many times incorrectly labeled "Greek Orthodox") churches in the east. During the Cold War, Western Europe was a geographic and socio-political concept. However, a more modern definition of Western Europe has Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and United Kingdom, which puts into consideration other factors such as economics and location. … Copyright © Geographic Guide - Travel. Southern Europe is the region covering the southern half of the landmass of Europe. Moldova 7. It’s also perfect if you have an upcoming geography quiz and need a study aid. This designation of Western Europe is part of the geoscheme for the Europe continent that was developed by the United Nations Statistics Division.