The most important regional railways in Thuringia are the Neudietendorf–Ritschenhausen railway from Erfurt to Würzburg and Meiningen, the Weimar–Gera railway from Erfurt to Chemnitz, the Sangerhausen–Erfurt railway from Erfurt to Magdeburg, the Gotha–Leinefelde railway from Erfurt to Göttingen, the Halle–Kassel railway from Halle via Nordhausen to Kassel and the Leipzig–Hof railway from Leipzig via Altenburg to Zwickau and Hof (Hof, Bavaria). area: 408 bremen, 892 berlin, 2569 saarland Furthermore, three new Autobahns were built during the 1990s and 2000s. 15763 schleswig-holstein, 16171 thüringeen, 18416 sachsen With a land area of 16,172 km² and 2.2 million inhabitants, Thuringia (Thüringen in German) is the smallest and second least populous state of former East Germany.Its capital is Erfurt. The Leipzig–Altenburg Airport next to Altenburg was in use between 2003 and 2011 for Ryanair flights. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. 2319000 thüringen, 2451000 saxony-anhalt, Same as the most other regions in central and southern Germany Thuringia has a significant industrial sector until today, reaching back to the mid-19th-century industrialisation. It is in use for holiday flights to the Mediterranean and other touristic regions. In 2017, a new high speed line will be opened in Thuringia, taking over the long-distance trains from the mid-19th century lines. Thuringia is Germany's only land without connection to waterways, because, suhllokal art2440,704802 title Rollenspiele abseits des wirklichen Lebens work Freies Wort page 13 date 2007-09-08 author Heike Hüchtemann language German accessdate 2009-05-20, ''' is a municipality in the district Altenburger Land, in Thuringia, Germany. Especially the small and mid-sized towns in central and southwestern Thuringia (e. g. Arnstadt, Schmalkalden and Ohrdruf) are marked by a distinct industrial structure, whereas there are less industrial companies within the northern and eastern parts of the Land. To mark the occasion of the Bauhaus anniversary, Thuringia invites visitors on a journey to the birthplace of this famous movement. One of its most famous student was Martin Luther. General economic parameters This ''Hendricus'' belonged to the class of minor knights and presumably originated from the castle of Morungen near Sangerhausen. The capital is Erfurt. The wages in Thuringia are low, compared to rich bordering Lands like Hesse and Bavaria. All sorts of travellers visit Thuringia, and hotels are available to accommodate that wide variety. It is home to the Rennsteig , Germany's most famous hiking trail , and the winter resort of Oberhof . She was raised at the court of her uncle, the thuringian king Irminfried. Agriculture and forestry From the late 16th century it was generally divided into several branches, the most important of which were those of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt). Only the segment west of Erfurt of the Frankfurt-Dresden line will stay in use for ICE trains after 2017, but an increase of velocity to 200 km h is planned here (now: 160 km h). This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Its production is marketed as Saale-Unstrut wines. Famous Names. Until 2004, Thuringia was one of the weakest regions within the European Union. Forestry plays an important role in Thuringia, because 32% of the Thuringian territory is forested. Thuringia is often referred to as the green heart of Germany, a title which the state owes in part to the famed Thuringian Forest, a destination popular with hikers and winter sports enthusiasts. of Hungary and his first wife Gertrude of Andechs-Meran. The Munich-Nuremberg Express provides a fast local service between the two cities over the high-speed link to Ingolstadt and Munich, offering a cheaper alternative to the ICE. With industrialisation the old iron, copper and silver mines declined, because the competition of imported metal was to strong. She was an actress, known for Das Halstuch (1962), Rosen im Herbst (1955) and The Mysterious Magician (1964). At Hermsdorf (Hermsdorf, Thuringia) junction it is connected with the A 9. Highest rated places of interest or tour operators on Tripadvisor, based on traveler reviews. The Bundesautobahn 71 crosses the Land in southwest-northeast direction, connecting Würzburg via Meiningen, Suhl, Ilmenau, Arnstadt, Erfurt and Sömmerda with Sangerhausen Halle (Halle (Saale)). At the age of eighteen he went to Munich, where he became the pupil of Orlando Lasso. ... From here, the famous reformer Martin Luther and the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe have shaped the world. During the 1930s, the first two Autobahns were built across the Land: The Bundesautobahn 4 as an important east-west connection in central Germany and the main link between Berlin and south-west Germany and the Bundesautobahn 9 as the main north-south route in eastern Germany, connecting Berlin with Munich. The decrease is caused on the one hand by the emergence of new jobs and on the other hand by the strong shrinkage of population in working age, caused by various demographic effects. Saint Hedwig was her mothers sister and St. Isabel of Portugal was her great-niece. Many famous people from all branches of arts and culture have left their traces in the cultural state of Thuringia. Famous People From Thuringia - Biography, Life, Interesting Facts More frequent services are laid on especially at peak times. Roman Catholic Saint. Thuringia's only wine-growing district is situated around Bad Sulza north of Weimar and Jena along the Ilm (Ilm (Thuringia)) and Saale valley. On the other hand, most of the main lines got refurbished after 1990 to grant relatively high travel velocity. There are some small airports in Thuringia. There he, together with Johann von Burgk, edited his first master, a collection of sacred songs, called, was turned down due to opposition of the states and concerns of the government. Other major cities in Thuringia are Weimar, Jena, Eisenach and Nordhausen. Jena— town of the biggest university in Thuringia (and home to Goethe and Schiller, too) The crossing of the Thuringian Forest within the A 71 has been one of Germany's most expensive Autobahn segments with various tunnels (including Germany's longest road tunnel, the Rennsteig Tunnel) and large bridges. Almost all lines are run at fixed frequencies, mainly hourly. Trout and carp are traditionally bred in aquaculture in many villages.  -- of Germany's sixteen states . Its capital is Erfurt . 2551000 brandenburg, 2832912 schleswig-holstein, 3402312 berlin Search US census records for Thuringia Between 1950 and 1990 uranium mining was also important to cover the Soviet Union's require for this metal. Eccard was born at Mühlhausen, Thuringia, Germany. Infrastructure Germany East German athlete (Athletics (sport)), winner of 400 m hurdles at the 1980 Summer Olympics. Going way back the Wettin dynasty that is associated with Saxony split into two lines in 1485. the senior line was known as the Ernestine branch and ended up in Thuringia. 4054081 rheinland-pfalz, 4261896 sachsen, 6078000 hessen, Nowadays it's the residence of the President of Thuringia. The most regional and local trains offer hourly service, but some run only every two hours. Johann Sebastian Bach, the most famous of a large musical family, was born in Eisenach, Thuringia in 1685. Next to Domplatz there is the Petersberg Citadel. We’ve gathered the 10 best things to do in Thuringia to get you started on your adventure. On the first line is an hourly ICE (Intercity-Express) IC (Intercity (Deutsche Bahn)) service from Dresden to Frankfurt and on the second also an hourly ICE service from Berlin to Munich. Other Universities of this federal state (States of Germany) are the Ilmenau University of Technology (Technische Universität Ilmenau), the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar (Bauhaus-Universität Weimar). Introduction. Visit top-rated & … pop: 665000 bremen, 1045555 saarland, What is an Erfurt "Puffbohne" bean? The upgrading of Bundesstraßen is an emphasis within the Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2015 (federal street building programme 2015), with many projects along the Bundesstraße 247 from Gotha to Leinefelde to better Mühlhausen's connection, the Bundesstraße 19 from Eisenach to Meiningen for improving Bad Salzungen's and Schmalkalden's connection same as along Bundesstraße 88 and Bundesstraße 281 for strengthening the Saalfeld Rudolstadt region. The A 4 from Frankfurt runs via Eisenach, Gotha, Erfurt, Weimar, Jena and Gera to Dresden across Thuringia and links the Land's most important cities. Thuringia's economy is marked by the economic transition that happened after the German reunification and led to the closure of most of the factories within the Land. Several saints belonged to her family. Since that time, it decreases down to 7% in 2013, which is only a little bit more than the national average. Meat production and processing is also an important activity, with swine, cattle, chickens and turkeys in focus. The transportation infrastructure was in very bad condition after the GDR period. 24174 mecklenburg-vorpommern, 29479 brandenburg, You'll find small boutique hotels as well as well-known hotel brands with multiple rooms and high-end amenities. Date 14.06.2018 Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Understand By Train Public transport is for the most part good, fast and reliable. 19847 rheinland-pfalz, 20445 sachsen-anhalt, 21100 hessen, 755264 hamburg. One of the most well-known hiking routes in Europe, the so-called Rennsteig, runs along the crest of the mountain range for a length of 168 km. Things to do ranked using Tripadvisor data including reviews, ratings, photos, and popularity. In the classical period, Goethe and Schiller lived at Weimar. Both worked also in the famous University of Jena nearby, which now hosts the most important centre of science in Thuringia. He transferred, Other destinations Daughter of King Andrew II. Possibly he is identical with the ''Hendricus de Morungen'' who is documented in Thuringia. From cheap options to luxurious stays, you can … The first railways in Thuringia had been built in the 1840s and the network of main lines was finished around 1880. 54% of Thuringia's territory is in agricultural use. Most of the new German towns were planned and built in a grid-like pattern with a rectangular market square in the center. The fertile basins such as the large Thuringian Basin or the smaller Goldene Aue, Orlasenke and Osterland are in intensive use for growing cereals, vegetables, fruits and energy crops. She received a proper education there, learned latin … Newly created settlements in land clearing areas in the southern and or forested parts of Silesia were built as ''Waldhufen villages'', in other regions either as ''Zeilen villages'', villages arranged, Economy It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most well-known hiking trail, and the winter resort of Oberhof making it a well-known winter sports destination. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Thuringia, Germany on Tripadvisor: See 18,695 traveler reviews and photos of Thuringia tourist attractions. Their origin is largely unknown. The Erfurt–Leipzig Halle high-speed railway will be used by both ICE lines and the Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway will be used by the Berlin-Munich line. Agriculture and forestry have declined in importance over the decades. On the other hand, the late 19th century brought new mines to Thuringia: The lignite surface mining around Meuselwitz next to Altenburg in the east of the Land started within the 1870s and two potash mining districts were established around 1900. Both highways were broaden from 4 to 6 lines (3 per direction) after 1990, including expensive shifts in the Eisenach and the Jena region. Thuringia Quiz. She was married to Jörg Zimmermann. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. It is also a famous location for nature and winter sports. It has an area of and 2.29 million inhabitants, making it the sixth smallest by area !-- Since 1990, many billions of Euros have been invested to improve the condition of streets and railways within Thuringia. Otto Dix Haus Frankish Queen and Patron Saint of Poitiers, weavers and potters. The most important railways are the Thuringian Railway, connecting Halle (Halle (Saale)) and Leipzig via Weimar, Erfurt, Gotha and Eisenach with Frankfurt and Kassel and the Saal Railway from Halle Leipzig via Jena and Saalfeld to Nuremberg. In 531 Clotaire defeated the thuringians and sent Radegunde to his kingdom. Top Thuringia Landmarks: See reviews and photos of sights to see in Thuringia, Germany on Tripadvisor. Traditional private peasant agriculture is an exception, as is organic farming. The court of Thuringia was at this period famous for its magnificence. The main camp includes memorials to groups and individuals killed by the SS. Get around Germany was unified into the German Empire in 1871. The remains Weimar is Thuringia's fourth largest city, with a population of 64,000 (as of June 2006). It is a place where a revolution of the arts heralded the dawning of a new era, and where the pioneering spirit and joy of experimentation that characterise Bauhaus and modernism are still tangible. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Thuringia census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. The only one with public aviation is the Erfurt–Weimar Airport next to Erfurt. The economic progress is quite different between the regions of Thuringia. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. We have reviews of the best places to see in Thuringia. Other historians argue that the Thuringians were allies of the Huns, came to central Europe together with them, and lived before in what is Galicia today. Mining was important in Thuringia since the later Middle Ages, specially within the Thuringian Forest and its mountain towns like Schmalkalden, Suhl and Ilmenau. File:Ban, ). The most common language in Thuringia is German with its slight regional accent. Most of Thuringia is within the watershed of the Saale, a left tributary of the Elbe, and has been known as "the green heart of Germany" (das grne Herz Deutschlands) from the late 19th century due to the dense forest covering the land. It is home to a group of four ancient cities and the Wartburg Castle – recognized as the most important castle in Germany; Rennsteig, the most popular hiking trail in the country; and Oberhof, a famous winter resort. Looking to expand your search outside of Thuringia? Biography Most agricultural enterprises are large cooperatives, founded as Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgenossenschaft during the GDR period and meat producers are part of multinational companies. She made her singing debut in 1971 in East Berlin with the band Die Cropies. Encyclopaedias listing great German minds would be sadly depleted without all those who found Thuringia a good place to spend their lives or to live and work for a while. Its centre was the stately castle of the Wartburg, splendidly placed on a hill in the Thuringian Forest near Eisenach, where the Landgrave Hermann lived surrounded by poets and minnesingers, to whom he was a generous patron. There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Thuringia. Nevertheless, they are more important than in the most other areas of Germany, especially within rural regions. The state's most famous city is undeniably Weimar. Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatusfirst mentioned the Thuringii around 400; during that period, the Thuringii wer… In fact, until 1933 there were only four changes of the German map: The 7 Thuringian states united in 1920, whereby Coburg (Saxe-Coburg) opted for Bavaria, Pyrmont, can be deduced from Heinrich's songs. Area 6,244 square miles Nevertheless, the demographic transition in Thuringia leads to a lack of workers in some branches, which is a growing problem. This Research Wiki, the FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the localities and place names as of 1871. Furthermore, there are many milk and cheese producers, as well as laying hens. The high economic subsidies granted by the federal government and the EU after 1990 are in gradual cutbacks and will end around 2020.