Although the vast majority of settlers came from Spain, Catholics from France, Ireland, Italy and other European countries were also granted land by Spain as one of the provisions of the Real Cédula de Gracias de 1815 (Royal Decree of Graces of 1815). The Naturalization Act of 1870, passed during Reconstruction, allowed for peoples of African descent to become U.S. Citizens but it excluded other nonwhites. other …  There are eight Islamic mosques spread throughout the island, with most Muslims living in Río Piedras. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways. Here, in order of Puerto Rican population, are the States with the 10 largest concentrations of Puerto Ricans.  This religion was brought by Spanish colonists. The Puerto Rican population in Orange and Osceola counties surged in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria by a combined 12.5% last year, according … A strong European immigration wave and large importation of slaves from Africa helped increase the population of Puerto Rico sixfold during the 19th century. 3,424.2 square miles 932.7 people per square mile.  A recent study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 800 individuals found that patrilineal input, as indicated by the Y-chromosome,[clarification needed] showed 66% of Puerto Ricans could trace their ancestry to male European ancestors, 18% could trace it to male African ancestors, and 16% could trace it to male Native American ancestors. Religious breakdown in Puerto Rico (2010):. The mass immigration that occurred during the 19th century helped the population grow from 155,000 in 1800 to almost 1,000,000 at the close of the century. white. The negative growth rate of the population of Puerto Rico is expected to continue in the coming years as people continue to leave the country in substantial numbers and the birth rate remains low. As of N/A, N/A% of Puerto Rico residents were born outside of the country (N/A people). Recent estimates say that there are about 5.8 million Puerto Ricans living in the States, compared with 3.2 million on the Island. Regardless of the precise terminology, the census reported that the bulk of the Puerto Rican population was white from 1899 to 2000. Losses started around the beginning of the island’s economic recession in 2006 and have continued since then. Unemployment has been increasing as a result and many citizens are leaving the island for the US mainland in hope for better opportunities. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 1989. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of … The ratio of males to females is 1.06, meaning that there are slightly more males. Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. The Spanish conquered the island, assuming government in 1508, colonized it, and assumed hegemony over the natives. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. In the late 18th century, the number of African slaves began to dwindle on the island. This is a decrease of -0.14 % (-5,239 people) compared to population of 3,663,846 the year before. Current projections go out to the year 2050 and believe that the net migration will regularly be at least -10,000 annually and the birth rate will remain below the worldwide average, staying close to 1.51. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. In terms of race, 75.8% of the population identifies as white, 12.4% of people are African American or black, and the remaining 8.5% of people are a combination of American Indian, Alaskan natives, Pacific Islanders, and mixes of all of the aforementioned. The real estate and tourism industries are also very strong. , Puerto Rico is also home to the largest Jewish community in the Caribbean with 3,000 Jewish inhabitants.  It was the first non-Roman Catholic Church in the entire Spanish Empire in the Americas. Hum Gen (2004) 115: 57–58 Available at: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, National Register of Historic Places listings in Puerto Rico, "Puerto Rico Population History, 1765–2000", https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/, "Puerto Rico Virtual Jewish History Tour", "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics", "Vital Statistics Rapid Release - State and National Provisional Counts", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals substanial [sic] Native American ancestry in Puerto Rico Human Biology – Find Articles". List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name , List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name in 2020 , List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name in … 64–368, 39 Stat. The remaining population is a combination of people without religion, spiritual people that practice Santeria from Cuba, and Jews, and Muslims. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. 31. It is common to find Puerto Rican people in all parts of the United States. Bonilla et al., Ancestral proportions and their association with skin pigmentation and bone mineral density in Puerto Rican women from New York City. Later that year, two hurricanes pounded the island killing several thousand. Therefore, people of mixed ancestry with known white lineage were classified as white, the opposite of the "one-drop rule" in the United States. The densely populated island of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean sea with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and rainforest covering 3,515 square miles (9,104 square kilometers) of area, which would rank it 169th in the world in terms of size. 2006 changes in the United States tax system that took investment money out of the Caribbean coincided with a sharp downturn in the Puerto Rican economy. The first large group of Jews to settle in Puerto Rico were European refugees fleeing German–occupied Europe in the 1930s. Although the Jewish community is small, it is made up of three different forms: Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative. Africa and Asia were excluded altogether. Various African religious practices have been present since the arrival of enslaved Africans. ... Population with veteran status. The total population in Puerto Rico was estimated at 3.2 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. All Topics Population Age and Sex Race and Hispanic Origin Population Characteristics Housing Families & Living Arrangements Computer and Internet Use Education Health Economy Transportation Income & Poverty Businesses Geography. 2019. The population of Puerto Rico in 2017 was 3,163,667, a 3.64% decline from 2016. and A.D. 100, the Arawak group of Amerindians inhabited Puerto Rico. For example, the Holy Trinity Anglican church in Ponce, was prevented from ringing its bell until 1898, when American troops landed there. Roman Catholics in Puerto Rico have many everyday objects scattered through their lives that have religious affiliation such as rosaries and carvings of the Virgin Mary. They called the island Borikén (alternatively, Borinquén), which means "land of the valiant one"  and later Puerto Ricans called themselves boricua, borincano and borinqueño to embrace their indigenous identity. During the 19th century large numbers of immigrants from Spain, as well as numerous Spaniards living in former Spanish colonies in South America, also arrived in Puerto Rico (See Spanish immigration to Puerto Rico). The total population of Puerto Rico is 3,195,153 as of 1-Jul-18 , which represents 0.04% of global population and ranks Puerto Rico # N/A worldwide. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico ’s population at 3,706,690. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) In 2018, Puerto Rico had a population of 3.2M people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $20,296. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. source: Government Development Bank for Puerto Rico 10Y 25Y 50Y (It may have been using the 2010 Pew Research Center data. Many people do not realize that Muslims conquered Spain". Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. Neither a date or a source for that information is provided and may not be recent.. During the early 20th century Jews began to settle in Puerto Rico. An impressive 94% of the people living in Puerto Rico reside in or around a major metropolitan area. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by Amerindian settlement, European colonization especially under the Spanish Empire, slavery and economic migration. 443,679 people. Numbers generally reflect the city population, rather than the urban areas, municipality, or urban agglomeration. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. 3,193,694. Months after the destruction, roughly 40% were still living in these conditions due to lack of funding and aid. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by initial Amerindian settlement, European colonization, slavery, economic migration, and Puerto Rico's status as unincorporated territory of the United States. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Puerto Rico was estimated to be 3,658,607 people. Christopher Columbus claimed the land that is now Puerto Rico as Spain's in 1493, and the Spanish began to settle the area roughly 15 years later. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ …  Thus, today there is a strong Palestinian presence among Muslims in Puerto Rico. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. Update to date information about population of Puerto Rico in 2020. In 1960 the census dropped the racial identification question for Puerto Rico but included it again in the year 2000. It is the third oldest European-founded capital city in the American continents right after Panama City and Santo Domingo. Puerto Ricans (Spanish: Puertorriqueños ; or boricuas) are the people of Puerto Rico , the inhabitants, and citizens of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (a United States territory), and their descendants. Although autosomal markers tests seem to draw a more broad picture than that of single, gender-based mtDNA and Y-Chromosome tests, the problem with autosomal DNA is in the archaic categories used: "European", "Sub-Saharan African", "East Asian" & "Native American". Almost 3.2 million people live in Puerto Rico as of July 2018, showing a population decline of 14.3 percent since 2010. Around A.D. 600, the Arawaks no longer lived on the island, perhaps because they had integrated with another culture or perhaps because they had been killed by illness. The British ban on slavery resulted in slave raids on Puerto Rico. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise indicated. If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut.  Islam was brought into Puerto Rico mainly via the Palestinian migration of the 1950s and '60s. 3,725,789. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. Sometime between 400 B.C. Emigration has been a major part of Puerto Rico's recent history as well. The Paseo de Diego sits empty in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, April 17, 2019. In 2018, there were 3.73 times more White (Hispanic) residents (2.05M people) in Puerto Rico than any other race or ethnicity. The first Protestant church, Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad, was established in Ponce by the Anglican Diocese of Antigua in 1872. In 2017 Puerto Rico was forced to declare bankruptcy after being unable to repay debts. [failed verification], In a study done on Puerto Rican women (of all races) born on the island but living in New York by Carolina Bonilla, Mark D. Shriver and Esteban Parra in 2004, the ancestry proportions corresponding to the three parental populations were found to be 53.3±2.8% European, 29.1±2.3% West African, and 17.6±2.4% Native American based on autosomal ancestry informative markers. Puerto Rican Population in the States. 2010. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … All municipalities in Puerto Rico have at least one Catholic Church, most of which are located at the town center or "plaza". Education, high school graduate or higher:, Demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico. Manufacturing is the largest sector in Puerto Rico, producing pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, and electronics. The only category that remained constant over time was white, even as other racial labels shifted greatly—from "colored" to "Black", "mulatto" and "other". It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358. Structure of the population (01.07.2012) (Estimates) (Data refer to projections based on the 2010 Population Census) : Source: UN World Population Prospects. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,860,853. ), The CIA World Factbook however, reports that 85% of the population of Puerto Rico identifies as Roman Catholic, while 15% identify as Protestant and Other. 75.8%. The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table). A recent report providing a full breakdown as to specific religions is not available; the most recent was for 2006. Puerto Rican Citizenship was created under the Foraker Act, Pub.L. In November 2014, a Pew Research report, with the sub-title Widespread Change in a Historically Catholic Region, indicated that only 56% of Puerto Ricans were Catholic and that 33% were Protestant. Population of American Indian in households in Puerto Rico ; Total Population: 19,427; Male Population: 9,429; Under 5 years: 567; 5 to 9 years: 707; 10 to 14 years: There are 2,340,474 adults in Puerto Rico. Christianity also makes up an additional 8% of the population with the Protestant church. With 1,190,891 Puerto Rico residents, Florida has seen some real changes in its population. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.34M to 3.2M, a -4.26% decrease and its median household income grew from $19,343 to $20,296, a 4.93% increase. This survey was completed between October 2013 and February 2014. The Christian Denominational Breakdown was as follows in 2006:. 3,193,694 Population. Puerto Ricans are not evenly distributed across the nation, however. Puerto Rico. Thus under the Immigration Act of 1924 all Hispanics and Caribbeans could immigrate to the United States, but a White family from Poland or Russia could not immigrate.