causes of deforesta, tion). In N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln. Focus groups rely on interaction within the group based on topics that are supplied by the researcher. 1. This is because there is no designated leader in the group and the discussions are made natural. It is hoped that results of this paper will benefit further studies relating to the role of pedagogical belief among educators in their use of ICT in their teaching-learning activities. Qualitative techniques for decision making in conservation, Integrating across knowledge systems to drive action on chronic biological invasions, Intensive care unit nurses' perception of the barriers to effective in-service education: A qualitative study, Stakeholdersâ Recount on the Dynamics of Indonesiaâs Renewable Energy Sector, EXPLORING THE ROLE OF PEDAGOGICAL BELIEFS TOWARDS THE INTEGRATION OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEACHING PRACTICES AMONG PHILIPPINE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION EDUCATORS, INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AS AN ALTERNATIVE PEDAGOGY TO IMPROVE STUDENT PERFORMANCE IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICAL GEOMETRY IN TVET COLLEGE, Assessing the vulnerability of bycatch species from Hilsa gillnet fishing using productivity susceptibility analysis: Insights from Bangladesh (Share Link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1c2LMbiU1p3cQ), Polislik Perspektifinden Dijital Misenformasyon ve Dezenformasyon: Covid-19 Ãrnek OlayÄ± BaÄlamÄ±n-da Bir Analiz, Changes to the structure and function of an albacore fishery reveal shifting social-ecological realities for Pacific Northwest fishermen, The Trajectory of Transformative Research as an Inclusive Qualitative Research Approach to Social Issues, The nominal group technique in ecology & conservation: Application and challenges, Conservation social science: Understanding and integrating human dimensions to improve conservation, A guideline to improve qualitative social science publishing in ecology and conservation journals. We validated our vulnerability results by comparing them with two other empirically derived assessment outcomes, the IUCN Red List and the exploitation rate. Sociologists and psychologists have used the method. the studies reviewed can be found in the appendices. Parents share their views on local child care programs, and on what could be done to improve them. Experiences in research exploration have revealed how best to respond to social issues in education research, most especially that bothers on social relationships and differences, among others. Qualitative data analysis: A com. (2002) used focus groups to explore student experiences of Personal Development Plans, whilst Fuller et al. The method aims to obtain data from a purposely selected group of individuals rather than from a statistically representative sample of a broader population. Eacb group consisted of, on average, 6 researcb partici-pants and tbe discussion lasted approximately 2 bours and was tape-recorded. other and the facilitator(s) (Sampson, 1972). ism: The role of Botswana Forest Reserves. The selected FGD participants encompass the collective views that cut across the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental aspects of renewable energy development in Indonesia. conducted the review. A focus group is comprised of a collection of several individuals who all discuss a particular subject, voicing and discussing their opinions and ideas on that subject. The trustworthiness of results is the bedrock of high quality qualitative research. We found that inquiry based online content, especially when applied to science subject, can be effective in students interests and their motivations. Stewart, D. W., & Shamdasani, P. N. (1990). (FT100100413) programs and funded by the Australian Government. The study, therefore, formulates Socio-thematic Analysis (StA) as a new technique of data analysis which enables social issue researchers to rationalise the sociality of the people living with the problem. The authors use examples, drawn from their own focus groups research experience, and provide exercises for further study. The Focus Group (FG) has been actually employed by marketing, and is becoming importanct also in other areas; such as, education, health, management, decision-making, and information systems, among others. We use exotic conifer invasions in New Zealand as an example. FGDs are a predetermined semi-structured interview led by a skilled moderator. Productivity susceptibility analysis (PSA) is being widely used as a semi-quantitative risk assessment tool in data and capacity limited situations. Future desirable livelihoods that emerged include tourism enterprise development, small-scale irrigation, wildlife and livestock improvement, and energy generation. The facilitator is the person guiding the discussion. (2016). Tbe bulk of tbese sessions were conducted by tbe autbor, otbers were mn by colleagues on tbe project: Peter Bebarrell, David Miller and Kevin Williams. In addition, re, for example testing narratives (Zander, Stolz, & Hamm, 2013) and de, veloping questionnaires (Kelboro & Stellmacher, 2015). A focus group is a small-group discussion guided by a trained leader. Guidelines for setting up and designing focus-group studies are outlined, ethical issues are highlighted, the purpose of a pilot study is reviewed, and common focus-group analysis and reporting styles are outlined. Having Social Constructivism Theory (SCT) as the Theoretical Framework that guided the study, the research extended its investigation by adopting Participatory Research (PR) as the methodology that guided the discussions amongst 10 co-researchers through Focus Group discussions on how to adapt the current classroom teachings into IK-integrated lessons. Focus group discussion is a research methodology in which a small group of participants gather to discuss a specified topic or an issue to generate data. Hence the need to evaluate such perceptions, tion decision making (Redpath et al., 2004). A focus group is a small-group discussion guided by a trained leader. It is performed by planned discussion and interview with a small group of people conducted by a moderator. Our result also revealed that around 55 % of inland bycatch and 42 % of marine bycatch is associated with overfishing (vulnerability score > 1.8). The literature also reiterated the place of positivism/post-positivism paradigm (quantitative approach) in interrogating these social issues. The Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is an iconic flagship species and geographical indication product of Bangladesh. (pp. The data generation instrument was Focus Group Discussions (FGD), the choice of data collection instrument was done in support of, ... Focus group discussions (FGDs) are frequently used in research as a qualitative approach for attaining an in-depth understanding of an issue of interest, The aim of this project is to provide a "how to" on a range of techniques which can be used for decision making. involved, researchers are faced with uncertain and unpredictable pat, search subjects well before setting out to use f, We noted that none of the studies mentioned the extent o, project (see recommendations on facilitator, Our review indicates that the researchers often set out to explore, dicate that restricting participants to the topic of researcherâs interest, constraints creativity and encourages con, this constraint when planning and framing the group discussion ques, tions. where the researcher adopts the role of an âinvestigator. nonverbal behavior, group dynamics, emergent themes). Focus groups are a commonly used methodology to explore ideas in a group setting with a researcher acting as moderator. D. A. This paper is concerned with a particular type of group meeting: a focused group interview or focus group. C, Formations of class & gender: Becoming respectable, Interviewing in market and social research. The term described meetings held with a limited group of participants with the objective of discussion. Two key challenges to resolving this problem are: (a) integrating science-based and values-based (e.g. A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a qualitative research method and data collection technique in which a selected group of people discusses a given topic or issue in â¦ In a brief time the moderator must create a thoughtful, permissive atmosphere, provide ground rules, and set the tone of the discussion. Based upon the research objectives, biodiversity, conservation, decision making, f, and synergistic relationships among participants to, McColl, Hale, & Bond, 1995). Analyzing Focus Group Data The analysis and interpretation of focus group data require a great deal of judgment and care, just as any other scientific approach, and regardless of whether the analysis relies on quantitative or qualitative procedures. The making of men: Masculinities, sexualities and, Qualitative research and motivation research. The Journal of the Korea Contents Association. During a focus group, a group of individualsâusually 6-12 peopleâis brought together in a room to engage in a guided discussion of a topic. FGDs can be used to explore the meanings of survey findings that cannot be explained statistically, the range of opinions/views on a topic of interest and to collect a wide variety of local terms. T.O.N., K.W. Their applica- tion in healthcare research is rather novel. Sage, UK. Focus group research is a qualitative method with interesting properties. HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper. been widely used in conservation research over the last two decades. the nature oF Focus Group MethodoloGy At the simplest level, a focus group is an informal discussion among a group of selected individuals about a particular topic (Wilkinson 2004). This paper explores how participatory scenario planning was applied as a tool for promoting stakeholder engagement on discussions of desired livelihood futures. knowledge ecosystem) and linked through high-level actions. NM was, Environmental Decisions (CE11001000104). hunting, agriculture, natural resource, legal and illegal natural resources users. We, As computers and computer communication networks become an increasingly common fixture of public and private lives, they open up new possibilities for changing the nature of interpersonal communication. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc. Morgan, D. L., Krueger, R. A., & King, J. the data to be obtained from focus groups is as important as it is for any other type of research. The use of focus groups is a research method that is intended to collect data, through interactive and directed discussions by a researcher. We begin by identifying knowledge sources (stakeholder values, forecasts of invader spread and impacts, management technologies and operational logistics) to guide the high-level actions (governance framework design, selection of ethical management technologies, definition of long-term objectives, design of management strategies and operational plans implementing strategies) required for management of chronic invasions. As ecological change and regulatory reform have restricted access to a number of fisheries, many of the regional small (<45 ft) and medium (45-60 ft) boat fishermen who continue to pursue diverse livelihood strategies have increasingly relied upon the ability to opportunistically target albacore in coastal waters while retaining more of the value generated by such catch. Rooted in a Philippine state university experience, this qualitative study employs phenomenological research design to explore the role of pedagogical belief on the use of ICT tools in the teaching-learning activities among the educators who are teaching courses in a teacher education institution. The. endobj 4. Focus groups are a form of qualitative research that is commonly used in product marketing and marketing research, but it is a popular method within sociology as well. When conducting a focus group: 1. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis and the results thereof indicated that indeed, IK can be utilized as an alternative. Transferability was often poorly developed in terms of triangulation methods and the suitability of the sample for answering the research question/s. Designing funded qualitative research. Focus group discussion is frequently used as a qualitative approach to gain an in-depth understanding of social issues. 3. The number of participants per focus, In the reviewed studies, two types of focus group discussion, with limited infrastructure for online access. three small groups, each having their own independent discussion. Most of the studies, common theme related to the understanding of peopleâs perspectives, pretation and legitimisation of biodiversity, provided insights into their perceptions on climate and environmental, production systems such as oil sands production, ecotourism and for, tion of nature. (1998). Finally, we present a tool called Computer Mediated Dialogue (CMD) which was developed to enable exploration of electronic focus groups. This lesson explains what a focus group is, how focus groups are conducted, and the methodology of focus groups. ]WY:Ű�4��5��y��I�/����1+�Z����v`L��2^�9�7� 7�y]0� $fR:/}ޏV�.9�tP��&�I:S��o��'����z�&��%!��/ҙK���'��W+!0\�Z��3�XTEK���ma��.�Y�Ԑbmū ��!��Z�=�x����?|�@0�d�,YVd�M:3ə�֛s��U�'�v��~`��K�� 8��3��/S`a=�!%���LOO���C�*��. There is an increasing divergence of focus group practice between social researchers and commercial market researchers. Pretest questions to ensure they are clear and logical 3. 3 0 obj Using focus groups for evaluation 2. Focus groups are generally used to collect data on a specific topic. We also compared PSA scores with the catch trend of stocks from fisher's subjective recognition. A�Ϳ��� @ �E����c This. This paper contributes to contemporary debates on novel approaches to promote engagement with communities for improving biodiversity conservation and livelihoods in emerging transfrontier conservation areas. Development options imagined by locals are inseparable from contemporary politics of transfrontier conservation area governance requiring researchers to shift roles from being catalysts and knowledge brokers to facilitators of learning and negotiation. Here, we reviewed the applications of focus group discussion within biodiversity and conservation research between 1996 and April 2017. The versatility and ease of use of the technique is, where the bolded number is the median average number, Consequently, researchers must be clear on where it is appropriate, and recruited as well as the relationship between sampling and repre, resource exploitation. In describing divergent trajectories associated with the albacore fishery, one of the US West Coast's last open-access fisheries, we highlight the diverse strategies and mechanisms utilized to sustain fisheries livelihoods in the modern era while arguing that alternative approaches to management and licensing may be required to maintain the viability of small-scale fishing operations worldwide moving forward. Following are the main advantages of focus group discussion in research: It is an inexpensive and fast method of acquiring valuable data. Features of the Focus Group. Arrange questions in a way that flows naturally 5. Researchers can use differ, lead to convenience sampling by selecting participants based on their, variety of perspectives and small enough not to become disorderly or. 1â6). Yet, a lack of awareness of the scope and uncertainty about the purpose of the conservation social sciences impedes the conservation community's effective engagement with the human dimensions. The group members are allowed to discuss with one another to reach a common answer. The advantages of using focus groups over other methods of qualitative analysis are many.A focus group is a checking: A tool to enhance trustworthiness or merely, can they be used in nursing and health car. (2003) used Nominal Group Technique (a more structured and narrow version of focus-group methodology) to explore student experiences of ï¬eldwork. Challenges associated with focus groups are most often attributed to two main factors: the facilitator and the basic nature of group discussions â¦ Information about. Focus Group Interviewing --- Richard Krueger 4 Beginning the Focus Group Discussion The first few moments in focus group discussion are critical. Moreover, with few exceptions, we found that species with vulnerability score over 1.8 was at depleted stock state. study finally established its own inquiry design mode for online science class with the flow of understanding of problem, sep up hypothesis, problem solving, and solution analysis. The information gained from the FGD gives insights to the outlook and challenges that are central to energy transition within the country, alongside the perceptions of renewable energy development from the influential stakeholders contributing to the process. Focus groups are a data collection method. (1988) Focus Group as qualitative research. Focus groups can help clarify such perplexing information. been used as a methodological tool in conservation in the last 20, We used a combination of âFocus Group Discussion*â AND âconserv*,â, OR âecology,â OR âbiodivers*,â where â*â, for alternative word endings, in a search query within, base (https://www.scopus.com), from 1996 to 2016 (accessed on 20th, (2006). In bridging research and policy, FGD can be useful in providing an insight into different opinions among different parties involved in the change process, thus enabling the process to be managed more smoothly. Textbooks for conducting FGD are available, such as: Krueger, R.A. (1988) Focus Groups: A practical guide for applied research. Other studies, disclosure may arise (Harrison et al., 2015). In addition to this, they are very cheap to do, easy to set up and if needed, a research group can easily increase the number of samples or the focus groups if needed for the study (Krueger 1994). Decide on the range of topics you would like to cover before the session 2. Next, we propose a transdisciplinary knowledge ecology framework where each knowledge source is represented by a separate knowledge generation and curation platform (i.e. In this method, group dynamics can encourage people to describe their perspectives that occur less frequently in an individual interview. We found that dependability and credibility were reasonably well reported, albeit poorly evolved in relation to critical aspects of qualitative social science such as methodology and triangulation, including reflexivity. Consequently, this led to the deterioration of educational standards in the subject as student tend to opt to enroll in Mathematical Literacy as Mathematics is thought of to be difficult and confined to nonindigenous students only Hence, the study aims at exploring IK as an alternative pedagogical tool to Mathematics Lecturers' classroom teaching to support their pedagogical practices in a TVET College.
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