Examining EPS results for alternative financing plans at varying EBIT levels. According to M&M: 54. This statistic can be used as a quantitative measure of relative "financial, operating leverage (DOL) measure approaches. The current dividend policy is given by: Pay out all cash flows as annual cash dividends, i.e., DPS = $10 Then XYZ’s market value is : $1M / 10% $10M, and the stock price is $100 Now consider an alternative dividend policy: Increase next year’s cash dividend (only) … c. Market-to-book value d. Tobin’s Q = the market value of all the debt + equity/ the replacement value of the assets. Firms with high growth prospects will generally have lower dividend yields. The weighted average cost of capital for a firm is the: a. Securities that fall above the SML are undervalued, III. Closeness to its operating break-even point. 95. attracting investment capital and improving the performance of companies. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? 1. Which of the following statements is FALSE? 40%. at least three periods are needed to calculate the geometric average return. 8% risk premium for equity securities. According to M&M, 39. Therefore, this derivation is an important fact, We have shown that preferred stock has a unique role in the financing of public utility capital expenditures, particulary when returns allowed by regulatory commissions are perceived to be inadequate. Which of the following statements is m. The project should be rejected since its return is less than the WACC. expected return and the standard deviation of the portfolio? minimizes the company's weighted average cost of capital (WACC). Equity securities (such as common and preferred stocks) evidence the holders' interests in the corporation's earnings, assets and management, while, Capital structure choice is an important decision for a firm. return. Based on the systematic risk of the security. maximizes the company's earnings per share (EPS). change in sales volume (either up or down) would have: financial leverage is characterized by __________. Which of the following statements about tax and dividend payments are correct? fference between the return on the market and the risk-free rate. proportion of debt in its capital structure? There is less demand for stock than for bonds. Because it offers an expected excess return of 2.2%. If sales rise by 1%, EBIT will rise by 1%. Given the following two stocks A and B. would be considered the better buy and why? 22. (18%)so, reject the IRR of pro Y is greater than RADR(10%)so accept]. It avoids the problem of computing the required rate of return for each investment proposal. 1 = bonds; 2 = common stock; 3 = preferred stock. wealth for shareholders arising from the new project? Decrease if you bought James Co. but increase if you bought Beta Co. Thus, if the firm has excellent investment opportunities, the dividend will reinvest dividend payments in additional shares of the firm's stock. 36. It enhances the confidence of the investors in the distribution of the dividend. Subtracting a 5 percent risk discount from the firm's before-tax cost of debt. ____________ than the beta of the common stock of an unlevered firm. If sales rise by 5%, EBIT will fall by 25%. XYZ Ltd. has the following current and projected information: Fixed costs (excluding interest and taxes), Given the above information, what is the projected degree of operatin, sold 500,000 units last year. Thus, a firm should retain the earnings if it has profitable investment opportunities, giving a higher rate of return than the cost of retained earnings, otherwise it should pay them as dividends. The beta of a stock is primarily determined by its correlati, II. predominantly of investors who pay a higher marginal. Securities that fall below the SML are undervalued. earnings growth be in future? LakshmiRengarajan. The current market price per share of common stock. relevant to the value of ordinary shares? 1. 53. d. The weight of the common stock used in the computat. decision rather than __________ decision. Dividends & Dividend Policy Chapter Exam Instructions. During extremely bad years when revenues are much less than expected, the companies can delay or miss preferred stock dividends without running the risk of default. dividend payout ratio of the company and the relationship between the internal rate of return of the company and the cost of capital. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. The determinants of the market value of the share are the perpetual stream of future dividends to be paid, the cost of capitaland the expected annual growth rate of the company. That interest expense and taxes are included in the calculation. The tax rate is 34%. Based on the unsystematic risk of the security. dollar-weighted return on the stock will be __________; your time-weighted, you would calculate the return on the market portfoli. Dividends per share divided by current price per share. According to the index model, co variances among security pairs are, 71. The purpose of this paper is to identify the determinants of dividend policy in an emerging and developing market.,The study employs a quantitative approach using 191 Sri Lankan firms and 1,337 firm-year observations as the sample. ADVERTISEMENTS: Are you looking for problems and solutions on liquidation of companies? None of the above is correct. Does not adjust its hurdle rate up or down regardless of this fact. The results show that debt ratio is negatively correlated with all financial performance measures [Gross Profit (GP); Net Profit (NP); Return on Equity (ROE) and Earnings Per Share (EPS)] similarly debt-equity ratio (D/E) is negatively correlated with all financial performance measures except GP and only (D/E) ratio shows significant relationship with NP. 1 = common stock; 2 = preferred stock; 3 = bonds. we don’t multiply 10 by one minus the tax rate before continuing our calculation. FM MCQ PAPER I 2. If a firm has a DOL of 5 at Q units, this tells us that: 44. The second widely used measure of dividend policy is the dividend payout ratio, which relates dividends paid to the earnings of the firm. profitability of listedHotels &Restaurant companies in Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE). 1. Due to space and readability constraints, when these intermediate steps are The project's modified internal rate of return is less than 12 percent. If allowed returns on common stock are inadequate and. d. Maximum rate which the firm should require on any projects it undertakes. Adjusts its hurdle rate (i.e., cost of capital) upward to compensate for this fact. 52. means that the firm will consider its investment opportunities first. declined for stocks with betas less than 1.0. is a measure of return per unit of risk, as measured by beta. Still be indeterminate until interest and preferred dividends paid are known. A single, overall cost of capital is often used to evaluate projects because: a. A firm's dividend policy refers to its choice of whether to pay out cash to Dividend Yield: The dollar dividend per share divided by the current price per Dividend Payout: The dividend paid as a percent of the net income of the firm. stated dividend of 10 percent of par. Dividends per share divided by earnings per. due to the influence of a single common factor represented by the market index return, is better than the performance of portfolio B, is the same as the performance of portfol, is poorer than the performance of portfolio B, cannot be measured as there is no data on the alpha of the portfoli. A zero covariance implies there is no relationship between two variables. 29. What is the weighted average cost of capital for Peter's Audio Shop? listed firms. The SML would exhibit a parallel shift upward. A dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP) is __________. As an aid to those involved in the process of capital formation, this chapter provides a summary of the principal features of, and considerations relevant in selecting among, the several types of securities that a corporation may issue. As you increase the number of stocks in a portfolio, the systematic risk will: is 6% and the expected market return is 12%? Debt = 50%; Equity = 50%; EPS = $3.05; Stock price = $28.90. The dividend-payout ratio is equal to: 61. (It will affect each type of risk ab. all other variables remain constant, the operating break-even point in units will: 43. Use the following to answer questions 82-83: 82. b) When computing the WACC, the weight assigned to the preferred stock is based on the, c) The weight of the common stock used in the computation of the WACC, d) The WACC will remain constant unless a firm retires some of its deb. ACADEMICIA An International Multidisciplinary Research Journal. Maximize expected total corporate profit. Which of the following statements best describes the optimal. to suspend payment of dividends for the next two years in order to invest in a new project. Securities that fall on the SML have no intrinsic value to the investor. B because it offers an expected return of 14%. Generally, listed companies draft their dividend policies and keep it on the website for the investors. A (n) __________ is a payment of additional shares to shareholders in lieu of cash. q5´6ÖÅTeØª©©ó§Âeýtè@ÈÚ¡u`?g]ººþÀf³NWç"-ùGªü;µ:ÞàYB&7C¶kE¦]²ýYëbm®¾3@x»ZRr:ö ÜÑ Ú:7&âyáÐùf'×ÃYN¦ªRÚQ¿¨ ÂÐÅµ@íÔá%'¤Æ `ó0nb= addition, none of the variables have a significant relationship with capital structure and profitability. Why is determining dividend policy more difficult today than in decades past? Risk-adjusted mutual fund performance measures have decreased in popularity because, 86. The company following a residual dividend policy makes varying dividend payments over the same period of time. An EBIT-EPS indifference analysis chart is used for: 57. An increase in the number of stockholders. that we cannot omit. Adding a 5 percent risk premium to the firm's before-tax cost of debt. a) Discount rate which the firm should apply. SCC Inc. has the following financial inf, SCC Inc.’s weighted average cost of capital (rounded to the nearest tenth of a. stock from the open (secondary) market, the result would be; earnings growth be in future? One will be at greater risk of bankruptcy. were selected from those which were listed inCSE during the 2007-2012. Debt = 40%; Equity = 60%; EPS = $2.95; Stock price = $26.50. Convertible and exchangeable debt securities evidence both the right of the holders to receive such a repayment and to purchase an equity interest by converting the debt securities into, or exchanging the debt securities for, common or preferred stock. A critical assumption of the net operating income (NOI) approach to valuation is: 36. The so-called dividend puzzle (Black 1976) has preoccupied the attention of financial economists at least since Modigliani and Miller’s (1958, 1961) seminal work. Regular dividend policy: in this type of dividend policy the investors get dividend at usual rate. Which of the following statements about the dividend growth model are true? The fund with the highest Jensen measure is __________. Which one of the fo1lowing portfolios falls below the Markowitz efficient frontier? Uploaded by. The data on new capital sources for the electric and gas utilities indicate that these companies made adjustments which are consistent with the implications of our model, but they did not follow the extreme policy of using only debt and preferred stock when market-to-book ratios for common stock were below one. Firms have particular clienteles due to their dividend policy, Investors tend to prefer speedy growth in annual dividends, Investment decisions are the sole determinant of shareholder wealth, Companies with stable dividend policies build up shareholder clienteles. Given the following two stocks A and B. would be considered the better buy and why: 68. When computing the WACC, the weight assigned to. The total excess return on the Bullish Fund's managed portfolio was __________. should be , and the required return on Acme's comm. The stock is ______ so the investor should _______ : expected return on a stock is 17.40%, what is the beta of the stock? Which of the following statements are TRUE? earnings of the company than the stockholders. The common stock equity account on the firm's balance sheet. a) The WACC may decrease as a firm's debt-equity ratio increases. He categorized two factors that influence the price of the share viz. What is the size of the company's capi, of the company’s stock following the stock spli. View Homework Help - Assignment 2.pdf from ADM 3350 at University of Ottawa. David should . Modigliani and Miller argue that the dividend decision __________. Potential benefits from diversification arise when correlation is less than + I. warrants, rights and options represent rights to acquire such interests. Both measures are equally good in both cases. a) Assumes that investors are risk neutral but not risk averse. Institutional considerations; current income; dividends. fund with only one manager responsible for all investments. Not enough information to answer the question. Shareholders can postpone or reduce taxes (assuming a lower capital gain rate). A measure of how well the returns of two risky assets move together is the: The standard deviation will be unaffected, Impossible to say without more information. The ‘Board Composition(BC)’, ‘Board The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) disregards diversifiable ris. Rate of return a firm must earn on its existing assets to maintain the current value of its stock. b. 17. variable. You are in the right place! Problem 5SP from Chapter 13: (Residual dividend policy) FarmCo, Inc. follows a policy of ... Get solutions Therefore, factorsmay affect, Capital structure choice is an important decision for a firm. c. Coupon rate the firm should expect to pay on its next bond issue. stock is no longer entitled to the recently declared dividend. Myron Gordon’s model explicitly relates the market value of the company to its dividend policy. First declines and then ultimately rises with increasing levels of financial leverage. That dividends increase at a constant rate. An increase in the number of profitable projects that it wants to fund this year. e. Required rate which every project's internal rate of return must exceed. What policies and payments does a firm's " dividend policy " consist of? This policy implies that the companies introduce a pattern of dividend payment through their Board of Directors which, no doubt, has an implication on the future activities although in practice, this procedure is not followed by most of the companies.
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