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define precedent in law

Precedent is established when a judge makes a ruling or decision on a particular issue, in a particular case. A judicial precedent is authoritative and binding, meaning that once a decision has been made in court, future court cases must rely on this precedent when ruling. Persuasive precedents assist the decision maker in determining a case. Decisions of lower courts and foreign courts can be persuasive precedents. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English precedent pre‧ce‧dent / ˈpresɪd ə nt / AWL noun 1 [countable] SCL an action or official decision that can be used to give support to later actions or decisions a legal precedent set/create a precedent UN involvement in the country’s affairs would set a dangerous precedent. precedent: A court decision that is cited as an example or analogy to resolve similar questions of law in later cases. Precedent Law and Legal Definition. A precedent is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts. The Anglo-American common-law tradition is built on the doctrine of Stare Decisis ("stand by decided matters"), which directs a court to look to past decisions for guidance on how to decide a case before it. JJG: The vast majority of the law is based on legal precedent. Persuasive precedent means precedent which a judge is not obliged to follow, but is of importance in reaching a judgment, as opposed to a binding precedent. Persuasive Precedent Law and Legal Definition. Judicial precedent is a feature of common law legal systems, which develop laws through judicial practices rather than purely legislative processes or executive regulations. Precedent is established when a judge makes a ruling or decision on a particular issue, in a particular case. In law, a binding precedent (also mandatory precedent or binding authority) is a precedent which must be followed by all lower courts under common law legal systems. It is always safe to rely upon principles. If a precedent is to be followed because it is a precedent, even when decided against an established rule of law, there can be no possible correction of abuses, because the fact of, their existence renders them above the law. Law Dictionary – Alternative Legal Definition Precedent refers to a court decision that is considered as authority for deciding subsequent cases involving identical or similar facts, or similar legal issues.Precedent is incorporated into the doctrine of stare decisis and requires courts to apply the law in the same manner to cases with the same facts. A judicial precedent is a decision of the Court used as a source for future decision making. Precedent, in law, a judgment or decision of a court that is cited in a subsequent dispute as an example or analogy to justify deciding a similar case or point of law in the same manner. Define Judicial precedent. The requirement that a lower court must follow a precedent is called stare decisis. means a judgment of a Court of law cited as an authority for deciding a similar set of facts; a case which serves as authority for the legal principle embodied in its decision. Precedent means deferring to a prior reported opinion of an appeals court which forms the basis in the future on the same legal question decided in the prior judgment.

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