]>> A mackerel or spotted tabby must have a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby parent (see #21). … The beefed up version of the calculator, with more genes and percentage chances! See the statement on dilutes for more information (see #21 & #24). Not only are there many interacting genes, but genes sometimes do not express themselves fully, or conflict with one another. Two classic tabby parents cannot produce a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby kitten. Pointed cats have a special “Siamese” gene that limits the color to certain areas. Cat eye color is due to the presence of melanin, which itself is the result of genetics. 0000003902 00000 n Pigmentation. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … A kitten’s pattern can be inherited from either parent. A: Agouti vs. non-agouti. Ticking and Tabby Patterns. If two cats are bred that carry for Chocolate, there is a chance of the kittens being Chocolate. Two recessive color parents (cream, blue, etc.) The spot of color may be visible for several months, but often disappears as the kitten matures. There are currently four known alleles of the C locus in cats C, c s, c b, and c, with c being the most recessive and C being dominant. In general, Maine Coon genetics lead to large, sturdy cats with tufted ears and broad chests. A shaded cat must have at least one parent that is a shaded (see #21). ... Albino white. 0000033448 00000 n Male kittens always obtain both color genes from the dam. An example of polygenes influencing a major gene is the color of a red cat. “In cats, the red and black … A dominant characteristic (all dominant colors and patterns such as shaded, smoke, white, tabby, bi-color, etc.) © 1995-2020 The Cat Fanciers' Association, Inc. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. Nose colours From black to pink and everything inbetween. For more information, please refer to books on the subject. To get a colorpointed kitten, both parents must be carrying the colorpointed gene (even if they do not appear colorpointed themselves). hތ�Kr�@��s�^J�h��^K����1�ˋ���-9#���[�ii ��"E��u���C��ê!#MZ��P����dĒ�$�L���y��F�NA�����{�9������!�r2���c� TE!h��S|���h,� �.����H[h���Q�� B�C)�)c,�쌨��v>��,�p>�ͧ��L���T)nr��E:.fL'�e������dC �����b׆G!�������,����8���C�#'�����YB���+*�Vۂ. A cat with a white undercoat (smoke or shaded) must have a parent that has a white undercoat (see #21). The most common colors for cat fur are black, white, brown and red / ginger / orange. Tabby cats usually show the following traits: Understanding cat color genetics is one of the more fascinating aspects of cat breeding. Polygenes are genes that each have a small quantitative effect on major genes and the way the cat looks. These cats have the genes for both black and red color as well as the white spotting gene. Non-agouti, aa, cats are solid (self) in color. This color should be noted as it is the color that the white is masking and the color that the cat will breed as when an adult. Basic genetics terms Genes, locii etc. x�b```"Yv>Ad`B��F��lx��8~�a`0�����,C�UA�,�A59sv[{$��Y�m�&,V�XW���\�5�k���vI�=�ʬS��*oe�%�.�~l���ۄCI疜��~f@&���[���. 0000003663 00000 n Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor    Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show      Find a BreederFind a VendorSign in to eCat      Shop. CONTACT. The characteristic cannot be transmitted from one generation to the next without showing that characteristic in each generation. Summary of series List of alleles for reference. Genetics for solid white cats can affect the possible color/pattern of expected kittens in that the white parent may be masking the color/pattern needed to produce this result. The eye is blueish as it first starts to develop, gradually becoming the final adult color at three months. Cat Coat Colour Genetics The masked color/pattern must be determined, based on the white’s pedigree and the offspring produced in a controlled breeding, in order to effectively predict the color/pattern of the expected offspring. trailer Cats also come in gray / blue, chocolate, cinnamon, lilac, cream / buff, and fawn. One notable exception is the colorpoint gene, which can carry through a number of generations (see #21 & #24). 0000027544 00000 n Cats with colored 'points' have genetic mutations associated with temperature-sensitive pigment production. A white cat breeds as both a white (which you see) and a masked color (which you don’t see) and can produce based on both white and the unseen color/pattern. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. When the term COLOR is used, it refers to color only (blue, cream, black, red, etc.). The effect of polygenes is cumulative on coat color genetics. The cat may be genetically black, genetically cream etc, but the presence of the white gene obscures the colour. A short video explaining some of the genetics of cat coat colour. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. Interestingly, white kittens may have a small spot of color on top of their heads when born. Melanin is deposited in the... 2. “The Genes of Cats” in The Book of The Cat, Summit Books, New York, l980. When PATTERN is used, it refers to pattern only (tabby, shaded, smoke, etc.). This is my original calculator. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … 0000004674 00000 n In order for a cat to be solid black, both of its parents need to have the black color gene The color gene — called an allele — for black is known as B. This is usually the reason behind why we see cats covered in grey, lilac and cream colours. For further information on feline genetics, we recommend the following: The information contained on this page is also available in a PDF format of our printed pamphlet. 0000001500 00000 n 88 0 obj <> endobj Cat eyes can come in a variety of colors. Cat coat genetics can give rise to a wide variety of colors and coat patterns. White Cats. 0000001176 00000 n The mating of a colorpointed cat and a cat with no colorpointed background will produce NO colorpointed offspring. Note that Manx and Munchkin are treated as homozygous lethal and polydactyly is treated as having complete penetrance. Other self white cats are the result of extreme expression of the white spotting gene discussed later. Their stripes have an even distribution of pigment, while the background is made up of banded hairs. 0000002317 00000 n %%EOF Entries in the table show the probabilities of producing various coat colors within a litter. The same white spotting gene can also contribute to the unique patched coat of calico cats. This DNA calculator was created to combine breeders all over the world and make the search for the perfect puppies much easier. The gene is recessive to the full-colour C gene, which means the cat needs two copies (homozygous) for the Siamese colour to show up. Robinson’s Genetics For Cat Breeders & Veterinarians, Fourth Edition, Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, 1999. While fur color has little to do with eye color, breed certainly may. This means that the cat’s hairs are dark (usually black) at the tips but have much lighter colored bands near the bottom. Some genes are simplified and it does not give percentage changes, but it should be easy to use even if you know very little about genetics. The genes that control the color black and that control the color red in the cat are located on the X chromosomes (one color on each chromo- some). The cat coat colour, eye, and skin colour is a result of present pigments. Female kittens take one color gene from each parent. A cat displaying a dominant color (black, red, tortie, etc.) “Feline Genetics” in A Standard Guide to Cat Breeds, McGraw Hill, New York, l979. 0000001095 00000 n The colors in hair, skin, and eyes are caused by the presence of melanin. 0000000716 00000 n 0000007368 00000 n Please free to start testing! A silver tabby must have at least one silver tabby, shaded or smoke parent (see #13). must have a parent which displays a dominant color (see #21). There are a number of genes that contribute to the colour and the pattern of colour seen in the cat; these genes can be grouped into four levels of function: 1. Peter Pan Collar Pattern, Spiral Juniper Tree Maintenance, Cute Animals Eating Each Other, Guangzhou Metro Line 6, Boyfriend Wants Me To Convert To Christianity, Locale Med Center At Latitude, "> ]>> A mackerel or spotted tabby must have a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby parent (see #21). … The beefed up version of the calculator, with more genes and percentage chances! See the statement on dilutes for more information (see #21 & #24). Not only are there many interacting genes, but genes sometimes do not express themselves fully, or conflict with one another. Two classic tabby parents cannot produce a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby kitten. Pointed cats have a special “Siamese” gene that limits the color to certain areas. Cat eye color is due to the presence of melanin, which itself is the result of genetics. 0000003902 00000 n Pigmentation. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … A kitten’s pattern can be inherited from either parent. A: Agouti vs. non-agouti. Ticking and Tabby Patterns. If two cats are bred that carry for Chocolate, there is a chance of the kittens being Chocolate. Two recessive color parents (cream, blue, etc.) The spot of color may be visible for several months, but often disappears as the kitten matures. There are currently four known alleles of the C locus in cats C, c s, c b, and c, with c being the most recessive and C being dominant. In general, Maine Coon genetics lead to large, sturdy cats with tufted ears and broad chests. A shaded cat must have at least one parent that is a shaded (see #21). ... Albino white. 0000033448 00000 n Male kittens always obtain both color genes from the dam. An example of polygenes influencing a major gene is the color of a red cat. “In cats, the red and black … A dominant characteristic (all dominant colors and patterns such as shaded, smoke, white, tabby, bi-color, etc.) © 1995-2020 The Cat Fanciers' Association, Inc. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. Nose colours From black to pink and everything inbetween. For more information, please refer to books on the subject. To get a colorpointed kitten, both parents must be carrying the colorpointed gene (even if they do not appear colorpointed themselves). hތ�Kr�@��s�^J�h��^K����1�ˋ���-9#���[�ii ��"E��u���C��ê!#MZ��P����dĒ�$�L���y��F�NA�����{�9������!�r2���c� TE!h��S|���h,� �.����H[h���Q�� B�C)�)c,�쌨��v>��,�p>�ͧ��L���T)nr��E:.fL'�e������dC �����b׆G!�������,����8���C�#'�����YB���+*�Vۂ. A cat with a white undercoat (smoke or shaded) must have a parent that has a white undercoat (see #21). The most common colors for cat fur are black, white, brown and red / ginger / orange. Tabby cats usually show the following traits: Understanding cat color genetics is one of the more fascinating aspects of cat breeding. Polygenes are genes that each have a small quantitative effect on major genes and the way the cat looks. These cats have the genes for both black and red color as well as the white spotting gene. Non-agouti, aa, cats are solid (self) in color. This color should be noted as it is the color that the white is masking and the color that the cat will breed as when an adult. Basic genetics terms Genes, locii etc. x�b```"Yv>Ad`B��F��lx��8~�a`0�����,C�UA�,�A59sv[{$��Y�m�&,V�XW���\�5�k���vI�=�ʬS��*oe�%�.�~l���ۄCI疜��~f@&���[���. 0000003663 00000 n Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor    Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show      Find a BreederFind a VendorSign in to eCat      Shop. CONTACT. The characteristic cannot be transmitted from one generation to the next without showing that characteristic in each generation. Summary of series List of alleles for reference. Genetics for solid white cats can affect the possible color/pattern of expected kittens in that the white parent may be masking the color/pattern needed to produce this result. The eye is blueish as it first starts to develop, gradually becoming the final adult color at three months. Cat Coat Colour Genetics The masked color/pattern must be determined, based on the white’s pedigree and the offspring produced in a controlled breeding, in order to effectively predict the color/pattern of the expected offspring. trailer Cats also come in gray / blue, chocolate, cinnamon, lilac, cream / buff, and fawn. One notable exception is the colorpoint gene, which can carry through a number of generations (see #21 & #24). 0000027544 00000 n Cats with colored 'points' have genetic mutations associated with temperature-sensitive pigment production. A white cat breeds as both a white (which you see) and a masked color (which you don’t see) and can produce based on both white and the unseen color/pattern. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. When the term COLOR is used, it refers to color only (blue, cream, black, red, etc.). The effect of polygenes is cumulative on coat color genetics. The cat may be genetically black, genetically cream etc, but the presence of the white gene obscures the colour. A short video explaining some of the genetics of cat coat colour. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. Interestingly, white kittens may have a small spot of color on top of their heads when born. Melanin is deposited in the... 2. “The Genes of Cats” in The Book of The Cat, Summit Books, New York, l980. When PATTERN is used, it refers to pattern only (tabby, shaded, smoke, etc.). This is my original calculator. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … 0000004674 00000 n In order for a cat to be solid black, both of its parents need to have the black color gene The color gene — called an allele — for black is known as B. This is usually the reason behind why we see cats covered in grey, lilac and cream colours. For further information on feline genetics, we recommend the following: The information contained on this page is also available in a PDF format of our printed pamphlet. 0000001500 00000 n 88 0 obj <> endobj Cat eyes can come in a variety of colors. Cat coat genetics can give rise to a wide variety of colors and coat patterns. White Cats. 0000001176 00000 n The mating of a colorpointed cat and a cat with no colorpointed background will produce NO colorpointed offspring. Note that Manx and Munchkin are treated as homozygous lethal and polydactyly is treated as having complete penetrance. Other self white cats are the result of extreme expression of the white spotting gene discussed later. Their stripes have an even distribution of pigment, while the background is made up of banded hairs. 0000002317 00000 n %%EOF Entries in the table show the probabilities of producing various coat colors within a litter. The same white spotting gene can also contribute to the unique patched coat of calico cats. This DNA calculator was created to combine breeders all over the world and make the search for the perfect puppies much easier. The gene is recessive to the full-colour C gene, which means the cat needs two copies (homozygous) for the Siamese colour to show up. Robinson’s Genetics For Cat Breeders & Veterinarians, Fourth Edition, Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, 1999. While fur color has little to do with eye color, breed certainly may. This means that the cat’s hairs are dark (usually black) at the tips but have much lighter colored bands near the bottom. Some genes are simplified and it does not give percentage changes, but it should be easy to use even if you know very little about genetics. The genes that control the color black and that control the color red in the cat are located on the X chromosomes (one color on each chromo- some). The cat coat colour, eye, and skin colour is a result of present pigments. Female kittens take one color gene from each parent. A cat displaying a dominant color (black, red, tortie, etc.) “Feline Genetics” in A Standard Guide to Cat Breeds, McGraw Hill, New York, l979. 0000001095 00000 n The colors in hair, skin, and eyes are caused by the presence of melanin. 0000000716 00000 n 0000007368 00000 n Please free to start testing! A silver tabby must have at least one silver tabby, shaded or smoke parent (see #13). must have a parent which displays a dominant color (see #21). There are a number of genes that contribute to the colour and the pattern of colour seen in the cat; these genes can be grouped into four levels of function: 1. Peter Pan Collar Pattern, Spiral Juniper Tree Maintenance, Cute Animals Eating Each Other, Guangzhou Metro Line 6, Boyfriend Wants Me To Convert To Christianity, Locale Med Center At Latitude, ">

cat color genetics

0000000016 00000 n There are 2 late colour change genes that result in additional self colours: amber (Norwegian Forest Cats) and Russet (Burmese). Also, if a breeder isn’t too sure of genetics and wants to breed for certain color(s), this should help plan out breedings. All red cats will have some tabby markings. See more ideas about Cats, Beautiful cats, Cats and kittens. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. 0000002547 00000 n Every cell in the body contains the same genetic information. Both of the cats above have the same major allele – O – which is responsible for their red coats. 88 21 Eye colours Brown, amber and blue. Liver The B series. For example, if your results show that your dog is a Type VI , your dog is a yellow dog with a black nose carrying the hidden genes for black and chocolate. A shaded parent can produce a smoke offspring, but a non-shaded (smoke) parent cannot produce a shaded offspring unless bred to a shaded (see #21). Genes for basic colours, including Colorpoint (Locus C), Agouti (Locus A), Orange (Locus O) and Locus E. These are the genes that make the pigments that give the basic colours to the cat. 0 A red tabby that is not a true tabby cannot produce a tabby offspring of any other color without being bred to a true tabby or a shaded. The male offspring in a litter will always be either the color of the dam (or one of the colors in the case of parti-colors) or the dilute form of the dam’s color. Cats have 38 chromosomes in each cell, while we have 46. 6. Furthermore, these genes are located on the arm of the X chromosome only, and are not present on theY chromosome. 0000003301 00000 n This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. startxref This is recessive, and has been... 3. Siamese cats carry the Himalayan gene, which is a mutation at the C locus (a fixed position on a chromosome where a particular gene is located), causing partial albinism on warmer parts of the body. The dilute gene must be present in both the sire and dam’s pedigree in order to produce a dilute offspring. If the dominant allele C is present no dilution will express. The genetics involved in producing the ideal tabby, tipped, shaded, or smoke cat is complex. A ticked tabby must have a ticked tabby parent. Only the immediate parents determine the color/pattern of a kitten. Chromosome: A DNA molecules which carries a part (or all) of the genetic material in a cell. Smoked cats are produced by color inhibiting genes and is when a seemingly solid colored cat actually has banded hairs. b/b and b/b l are chocolate, b l /b l are cinnamon (red). Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. There are currently over 70 breeds of cats recognized by one cat … 0000002271 00000 n Two longhair parents cannot produce a shorthair kitten. The Cat Fanciers’ Association, Inc.260 East Main Street, Alliance, OH  44601Phone: (330) 680-4070   /    Fax: (330) 680-4633. The Absolute Basic Idea of Color Genetics . A cat can carry Chocolate or Cinnamon and not exhibit the color so it is important to know a breeding cats genetics. cat coat calculator (original ver.) Breeds, "Purebred," and Pedigree. <<8E90A8905EAD1E46B300A443B0D66E59>]>> A mackerel or spotted tabby must have a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby parent (see #21). … The beefed up version of the calculator, with more genes and percentage chances! See the statement on dilutes for more information (see #21 & #24). Not only are there many interacting genes, but genes sometimes do not express themselves fully, or conflict with one another. Two classic tabby parents cannot produce a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby kitten. Pointed cats have a special “Siamese” gene that limits the color to certain areas. Cat eye color is due to the presence of melanin, which itself is the result of genetics. 0000003902 00000 n Pigmentation. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … A kitten’s pattern can be inherited from either parent. A: Agouti vs. non-agouti. Ticking and Tabby Patterns. If two cats are bred that carry for Chocolate, there is a chance of the kittens being Chocolate. Two recessive color parents (cream, blue, etc.) The spot of color may be visible for several months, but often disappears as the kitten matures. There are currently four known alleles of the C locus in cats C, c s, c b, and c, with c being the most recessive and C being dominant. In general, Maine Coon genetics lead to large, sturdy cats with tufted ears and broad chests. A shaded cat must have at least one parent that is a shaded (see #21). ... Albino white. 0000033448 00000 n Male kittens always obtain both color genes from the dam. An example of polygenes influencing a major gene is the color of a red cat. “In cats, the red and black … A dominant characteristic (all dominant colors and patterns such as shaded, smoke, white, tabby, bi-color, etc.) © 1995-2020 The Cat Fanciers' Association, Inc. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. Nose colours From black to pink and everything inbetween. For more information, please refer to books on the subject. To get a colorpointed kitten, both parents must be carrying the colorpointed gene (even if they do not appear colorpointed themselves). hތ�Kr�@��s�^J�h��^K����1�ˋ���-9#���[�ii ��"E��u���C��ê!#MZ��P����dĒ�$�L���y��F�NA�����{�9������!�r2���c� TE!h��S|���h,� �.����H[h���Q�� B�C)�)c,�쌨��v>��,�p>�ͧ��L���T)nr��E:.fL'�e������dC �����b׆G!�������,����8���C�#'�����YB���+*�Vۂ. A cat with a white undercoat (smoke or shaded) must have a parent that has a white undercoat (see #21). The most common colors for cat fur are black, white, brown and red / ginger / orange. Tabby cats usually show the following traits: Understanding cat color genetics is one of the more fascinating aspects of cat breeding. Polygenes are genes that each have a small quantitative effect on major genes and the way the cat looks. These cats have the genes for both black and red color as well as the white spotting gene. Non-agouti, aa, cats are solid (self) in color. This color should be noted as it is the color that the white is masking and the color that the cat will breed as when an adult. Basic genetics terms Genes, locii etc. x�b```"Yv>Ad`B��F��lx��8~�a`0�����,C�UA�,�A59sv[{$��Y�m�&,V�XW���\�5�k���vI�=�ʬS��*oe�%�.�~l���ۄCI疜��~f@&���[���. 0000003663 00000 n Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor    Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show      Find a BreederFind a VendorSign in to eCat      Shop. CONTACT. The characteristic cannot be transmitted from one generation to the next without showing that characteristic in each generation. Summary of series List of alleles for reference. Genetics for solid white cats can affect the possible color/pattern of expected kittens in that the white parent may be masking the color/pattern needed to produce this result. The eye is blueish as it first starts to develop, gradually becoming the final adult color at three months. Cat Coat Colour Genetics The masked color/pattern must be determined, based on the white’s pedigree and the offspring produced in a controlled breeding, in order to effectively predict the color/pattern of the expected offspring. trailer Cats also come in gray / blue, chocolate, cinnamon, lilac, cream / buff, and fawn. One notable exception is the colorpoint gene, which can carry through a number of generations (see #21 & #24). 0000027544 00000 n Cats with colored 'points' have genetic mutations associated with temperature-sensitive pigment production. A white cat breeds as both a white (which you see) and a masked color (which you don’t see) and can produce based on both white and the unseen color/pattern. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. When the term COLOR is used, it refers to color only (blue, cream, black, red, etc.). The effect of polygenes is cumulative on coat color genetics. The cat may be genetically black, genetically cream etc, but the presence of the white gene obscures the colour. A short video explaining some of the genetics of cat coat colour. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. Interestingly, white kittens may have a small spot of color on top of their heads when born. Melanin is deposited in the... 2. “The Genes of Cats” in The Book of The Cat, Summit Books, New York, l980. When PATTERN is used, it refers to pattern only (tabby, shaded, smoke, etc.). This is my original calculator. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … 0000004674 00000 n In order for a cat to be solid black, both of its parents need to have the black color gene The color gene — called an allele — for black is known as B. This is usually the reason behind why we see cats covered in grey, lilac and cream colours. For further information on feline genetics, we recommend the following: The information contained on this page is also available in a PDF format of our printed pamphlet. 0000001500 00000 n 88 0 obj <> endobj Cat eyes can come in a variety of colors. Cat coat genetics can give rise to a wide variety of colors and coat patterns. White Cats. 0000001176 00000 n The mating of a colorpointed cat and a cat with no colorpointed background will produce NO colorpointed offspring. Note that Manx and Munchkin are treated as homozygous lethal and polydactyly is treated as having complete penetrance. Other self white cats are the result of extreme expression of the white spotting gene discussed later. Their stripes have an even distribution of pigment, while the background is made up of banded hairs. 0000002317 00000 n %%EOF Entries in the table show the probabilities of producing various coat colors within a litter. The same white spotting gene can also contribute to the unique patched coat of calico cats. This DNA calculator was created to combine breeders all over the world and make the search for the perfect puppies much easier. The gene is recessive to the full-colour C gene, which means the cat needs two copies (homozygous) for the Siamese colour to show up. Robinson’s Genetics For Cat Breeders & Veterinarians, Fourth Edition, Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, 1999. While fur color has little to do with eye color, breed certainly may. This means that the cat’s hairs are dark (usually black) at the tips but have much lighter colored bands near the bottom. Some genes are simplified and it does not give percentage changes, but it should be easy to use even if you know very little about genetics. The genes that control the color black and that control the color red in the cat are located on the X chromosomes (one color on each chromo- some). The cat coat colour, eye, and skin colour is a result of present pigments. Female kittens take one color gene from each parent. A cat displaying a dominant color (black, red, tortie, etc.) “Feline Genetics” in A Standard Guide to Cat Breeds, McGraw Hill, New York, l979. 0000001095 00000 n The colors in hair, skin, and eyes are caused by the presence of melanin. 0000000716 00000 n 0000007368 00000 n Please free to start testing! A silver tabby must have at least one silver tabby, shaded or smoke parent (see #13). must have a parent which displays a dominant color (see #21). There are a number of genes that contribute to the colour and the pattern of colour seen in the cat; these genes can be grouped into four levels of function: 1.

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