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black faces, white spaces discussion questions

Ugg. Is that person privileged or no? and that his behavior cannot be attributed to his race. The labels in and of themselves are problematic, and make for poor logic and conversation to say the least. Counseling Today is a magazine, not a scholarly journal, so our articles do not contain citations, footnotes or reference lists (see more in our writing guidelines here). It has to do with the fact that a white person who may be poor, will not additionally suffer because of the color of their skin. For example, can one say that President Obama is privileged? Instead, Fanon wants to create space within white society in which Black people can flourish. I have many problems with the concept of “white privilege.” My main point here would be that I don’t see that it solves anything: one cannot cure racism with racism. It means moving from individualist to collectivist perspectives and thoroughly desiring to weed out one’s own bias and discriminatory practices. We also know that we can go our whole lives without saying or doing anything about it. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. How would this article even apply to him? The “all White people are the same” and “all White people are racist even if they don’t know it” nonsense is getting old. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. In the same way, we need to examine the correlations we make between a person’s race and her or his personal characteristics or behaviors. For this reason, it is necessary for all of us to cultivate a sense of understanding all the time. Caucuses provide spaces for people to work within their own racial/ethnic groups. Some are wrong, some are right, some are false, some are true, some are fiction, some are non-fiction. Isn’t this author rather racist by assuming that cultural competency only applies to White people in regard to Black people (and for some reason, Hispanics). Explorations in Economic History. We know, just by looking at the world around us, that inequity exists and that things are unjust. You are contradicting yourself….can’t have it both ways. About a quarter of police officers (26%) said relations between police and black people in their community were “only fair,” while nearly one-in-five (18%) said they were “poor” – with black officers far more likely than others to say so. In fact, no one should apologize for the behavior and thoughts of another person. Black men are especially likely to say this: 59% say they’ve been unfairly stopped, versus 31% of black women. For Asian-Americans? There certainly are times when evaluation in conversation is necessary, but when people of color are sharing their experiences of oppression, it is more helpful to listen with the intent to understand, not to evaluate. Required fields are marked *. Assuming the person who wrote this is a practicing counselor, this reflects serious failures in counselor education, implementation of ethical standards, gatekeeping, and basic standards for client safety. If we are honest, we all know that something is wrong with our social system. We can choose to live in silent disapproval and never challenge the status quo, but is that what we want? The 2017 police report was based on two surveys. Let’s remember that as counselors, we have a unique set of interpersonal skills that can be extremely useful when facilitating conversations about racial injustice. This was a really good article, but I would have loved to see more data to back up the information. and simultaneously developing responses and counterpoints in our head. Black Skin, White Masks (French: Peau noire, masques blancs) is a 1952 book by Frantz Fanon, a psychiatrist and intellectual from Martinique.The book is written in the style of auto-theory, in which Fanon shares his own experiences while presenting a historical critique of the effects of racism and dehumanization, inherent in … What if two persons of color don’t agree? Once you give up the idea that there is a difference between fact and fiction, you are lost (and this author is lost — which is why our young people are coming out of school completely bewildered). Passing for White, Passing for Black (1991)* It was the New Graduate Student Reception for my class, the first social event of my first ... To be in the presence of these men and attach faces to names was delirium enough. ... "This book raises crucial questions about teaching and learning across race lines, in a racially unequal and segregated society. As a result, many people of color expend a lot of energy working to make White people feel comfortable around them (such as expressing only certain aspects of themselves while in the company of White individuals). Because of this, it is not uncommon for us to misunderstand one another. The said issue is when I’ve spoken up on a situation concerning a Black individual or family it was dismissed until it turned for the worse and I was the scapegoat The study utilized Implicit Association Tests (IAT) to reveal “hidden bias” among whites, blacks, Asian Americans, and biracial black-white and biracial Asian-white adults. And who speaks for persons of color? Yikes. Consider what would happen if someone watched a documentary about Charles Manson and concluded that he was a cult leader because he was White. A systematic review. Saying and doing nothing despite evidence of racial injustice likely means that we are living in opposition to our values (e.g., equality, justice, respect for the innate worth of all human beings), which can lead to incongruence and cognitive dissonance. Yellow? For example, nearly all white officers (92%) – but only 29% of their black colleagues – said the U.S. had made the changes needed to assure equal rights for blacks. Can we concede that what we think we know is only one perspective and that multiple, equally valid viewpoints exist? Researchers found that when a group is shown photos of different people, black women’s faces were least likely to be recognized out of a group of white men and white women. I had the honor of interviewing anti-racism experts and advocates on critical questions regarding racism. 5Black Americans are far less likely than whites to give police high marks for the way they do their jobs. There is no finish line to reach for this. Your email address will not be published. In addition to continuing to explore their own White racial identities, I encourage these students to initiate conversations with other White people in their lives about racial injustice. Black men and boys face the highest risk of being killed by police–at a rate of 96 out of 100,000 deaths. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800Washington, DC 20036USA The goal of the conversation is to invite White individuals to engage in a dialogue about systemic privilege and oppression rather than become defensive. Fact is that, contrary to what the author says, not all viewpoints are equally valid. Individuals who do not completely understand what white privilege means. (The questions asked for these reports, as well as their responses, can be found in the reports’ accompanying “topline” file or files.). But the views given by police themselves were sharply differentiated by race: A majority of black officers (57%) said that such incidents were evidence of a broader problem, but only 27% of white officers and 26% of Hispanic officers said so. Delete #2. Her research interests include addictions counseling, multiculturalism, and religious and spiritual issues in counseling. 1) What characteristics do we attribute to race? The article is very much on point…Thank you for the much needed piece on the reality people of color face through out their daily lives. For men? exists throughout the world, and the idea that persons of color — and all people for that matter — don’t have any sort of obligation to consider their contributions to collectivism seems like an incomplete solution to me. In a racially diverse group, this is a useful way to raise sensitive issues and build mutual understanding. Racism is systemic and embedded deeply within the foundation of our country through our ancestors, passed on for generations. ... Black Skin, White Masks Questions and Answers. Perinatal health: Education and screening in counseling, CEO’s Message: So long and good riddance, 2020, From the President: Renewing focus on self-care and wellness. For example, according to the Washington Post/KFF/Harvard 2006 study, compared with white men, black men put more importance on being successful in a career (76 percent of black men, 56 percent of white men), living a religious life (70 percent, 44 percent), being respected by others (76 percent, 59 percent), and standing up … We will not have the opportunity to see the world from different perspectives or to feel the excitement of experiencing new cultural norms. Many White people are genuinely trying to learn how to be culturally competent, but sometimes they can get stuck in a particular mentality: “I enjoy diversity … just as long as people of color act/talk/think in ways that I am familiar with.” Whether intentionally or unintentionally, we may encourage people of color to deemphasize their unique cultural identities to fit into the mold of White cultural norms. We MUST have open dialogues to gain understanding. Contact her at Or consider two identically qualified job applicants — one with the last name Jones and the other with the last name Hussain — who submit their résumés for an open position. For example, if a Latino contractor does not complete his work satisfactorily, we are tempted to conclude, “Latino contractors cannot be trusted.” We erroneously attribute personal work ethic to race. I think this is a fantastic start to opening up a world of understanding; to uncover a world of pain. One can only be held accountable for one’s own thoughts and actions. At the same time, we must acknowledge that the stories we’ve read and the accounts we’ve learned in school represent one perspective, one side of the story. The example below is relatively low risk (asking questions anonymously) but the free style of the format can be high risk if the topic under discussion is controversial. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. There are many more talking points to consider, but these might help start conversations with White people in our spheres of influence. OMG, thanks so much. In a 2016 survey of nearly 8,000 policemen and women from departments with at least 100 officers, two-thirds said most such encounters are isolated incidents and not signs of broader problems between police and the black community. What does this mean about me?) For the rich? In addition to continuing to explore their own White racial identities, I encourage these students to initiate conversations with other White people in their lives about racial injustice. Another book, especially for professionals is “Counseling the Culturally Diverse” by Sue & Sue. 4Nearly two-thirds of black adults (65%) say they’ve been in situations where people acted as if they were suspicious of them because of their race or ethnicity, while only a quarter of white adults say that’s happened to them. What psychology needs is some good philosophy, and I wish that I were a philosopher and could correct these ills, but I’m not so all I can do is touch upon some of the problems. Big Data and discrimination: perils, promises and solutions. The viewpoint that 1 + 1 equals 3 is not equal to the fact that 1 + 1 equals 2. As another aside, I would agree with the Native Americans in the example that the author gave, and not the Spanish. This article was right on point. We may never form deep, meaningful relationships with those from different racial/ethnic backgrounds or experience the gifts that come only through diverse friendships. When we pause and reflect on what characteristics and behaviors we attribute to race, we may be surprised by what we find. No one could make assumptions about the character or thinking of someone who is Black without being called racist and offensive. Race and home ownership: A century-long view. We, human beings, are different from one another. (And this is in response to a rather benign article–hope to see more radical voices uplifted in this publication as well.). Often, their culturally diverse ways of being are not reflected back by those around them. We have a lot of differences in terms of attitude, personality, belief, opinion, point of view, upbringing, and more. It’s has nothing to do with wealth. And based on this terminology, what word or words do we use to identify that third race? I have put together a list of 10 book club discussion questions that will work for any book, and still encourage lively and engaging conversation. For white people, a caucus provides time and space to work explicitly and intentionally on understanding white culture and white privilege and to increase … It makes all sorts of assumptions about “White” people, assumptions that could not be made in such a manner about any other group of people without being labeled racist or prejudiced. The public’s views of the police, in turn, are also in the spotlight. BLACK FACES AND WHITE SPACES: RECOGNIZING AND SUPPORTING BLACK BOYS IN GIFTED EDUCATION. She is a licensed professional counselor and national certified counselor. Your email address will not be published. The other survey, of the general public, was conducted via the Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP) in August and September 2016 among 4,538 respondents. 8White police officers and their black colleagues have starkly different views on fundamental questions regarding the situation of blacks in American society, the 2016 survey found. We are fighting a system that has been established for centuries and it is very easy to ignore that fact since we do not experience or witness it. “Different” doesn’t have to be synonymous with “negative”; different can be exciting, invigorating, enlightening. As more White individuals become aware of their White privilege and the racial injustice that exists in our country, greater degrees of systemic change are possible. Again, Thanks. Sadly, it is more likely that one of these students will be sent home with a warning (to a family who will “get him back on track”), while the other will be ushered into the criminal justice system. We do it so frequently and so automatically that it often goes unrecognized. For women? In a companion survey of more than 4,500 U.S. adults, 60% of the public called such incidents signs of broader problems between police and black people. Unmasking White supremacy and racism in the counseling profession, Encountering and addressing racism as a multiracial counselor, The historical roots of racial disparities in the mental health system, @TechCounselor: Retaking ownership of your time, How logical are these attributions? Understanding the Black College Student Experience Abstract According to the US Department of Education (2001), Black college students, when compared with other racial groups, have the highest drop out rate at both two-year and four-year colleges. He would have been arrested without incident, just as so many other White perpetrators have in the past (see Dylan Roof). There are a lot of conceptual problems with these generalizations. If we treat what is in the room we must, no doubt, be educated on more than race relations. J Big Data 6, 12 (2019). The answer to many problems as we know as Counselors is having a conversation. Please go away..thank you. As often The first minstrel shows were performed in 1830s New York by white performers with blackened faces (most used burnt cork or shoe polish) and tattered clothing who imitated and mimicked enslaved Africans on Southern plantations. These are not “equally valid” viewpoints. For the poor? No! It’s not quite the token experience that Rosabeth Moss Kanter describes in her classic study of women working in male-dominated spaces. (The 2016 report on how blacks and whites view police in their communities also was based on that survey.) We likely would explain that Manson’s role as a cult leader was the result of myriad factors (psychological state, early childhood experiences, environment, etc.) We need to have more topics like this one to grow and so that we can truly help other people, and cause a ripple in some set patterns of thinking and believing. It requires putting events in context of history and also viewing them in context of power differentials in the world. Enter your email address to subscribe and receive an email anytime a new article is posted at CT Online. Many times, not talking about specific topics begins in the family, if the topic is believed to be uncomfortable—then the topic is not discussed from generation to generation. And I’ll say this knowing that as soon as what I’ve written is responded to, all sorts of assumptions are going to be made about who I am, and why I’m saying what I’m saying (assumptions that have nothing to do with the content of what I say). Favaretto, M., De Clercq, E. & Elger, B.S. hen teaching multicultural counseling courses, I often get questions from White students about how they can leverage their White privilege to help change America’s broken social system that privileges some while oppressing others. There may be a few people in the family who know about the uncomfortable topic, until it creeps out at some unfortunate time. In Black Skin, White Masks, Frantz Fanon combines autobiography, case study, philosophy, and psychoanalytic theory in order to describe and analyze the experience of Black men and women in white-controlled societies. There is a certain way of being that we deem “normal,” and it makes us comfortable when people behave accordingly. This is something that we need to unlearn. Roughly a third of both Asian and Hispanic adults (34% and 37%, respectively) say they’ve been in such situations, the 2019 survey found. Black students are more likely to fall foul of school disciplinary systems in areas with higher levels of racial bias, according to new research. Sizable majorities also said such incidents had made their colleagues more worried about safety (93%), heightened tensions between police and blacks (75%), and left many officers reluctant to use force when appropriate (76%) or to question people who seemed suspicious (72%). 3White Democrats and white Republicans have vastly different views of how black people are treated by police and the wider justice system. If we remain silent, we may be living life, but are we living it to its fullest? There are always multiple perspectives to every event, and it is important for us to consider differing viewpoints. It’s simply not a solution to the problem of racism. Are you kidding me with this article? To access writing guidelines and tips for having an article accepted for publication, go to Some of these also have taken place to me as a professional, and yes it hurts. (+1) 202-419-4372 | Media Inquiries. Collins, W. & Margo, R. (2001). Most of these are insightful and valid talking points. For example, it’s harder for them to find a mentor. Beyond outright discrimination, which many still face, there are psychological costs to being one of just a few black faces in a predominantly white environment. All Rights Reserved. “The World is a dangerous place, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do nothing.” – Albert Einstein. To see how your experience compares, answer some of the questions that were posed to 101 black teenagers as part of a study measuring the racism they face on a daily basis. When a person of color shares her or his experience, can we truly listen with the goal of understanding rather than evaluating? Discussion is often guided by questions or a specific topic. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. 6In the past, police officers and the general public have tended to view fatal encounters between black people and police very differently. She is tough on readers, but there is great truth to her words of wisdom. The reader wonders how Black and White people can understand each other, live together in harmony, and promote well-being. War, for example, is believed to be mostly a product of unsettled differences between people. © 2020, American Counseling Association. The respondents included 5,599 from the ATP and oversamples of 530 non-Hispanic black and 508 Hispanic respondents sampled from Ipsos’ KnowledgePanel. If you’re ready to start a book club , here’s 40 of the best book club questions, for … More information on methodology is available here. Accurate empathy and competence requires an endless unfolding not a terminal position. Since the start of this country, we have fallen prey to an insidious scheme based on faulty logic: attributing characteristics and behaviors to race that have no rational correlation. This process keeps the focus on us — our reactions, our beliefs and our assessment — and gets in the way of truly listening. I think this is a difficult conversation to have, but I’ll start with saying in a very simple and basic way why I don’t like articles such as these. Often when we listen, we are evaluating what we have just heard (Is this information right or wrong? It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. What does that look like for us personally? Rather than focusing on the lived experience of the speaker, we are focused on what the information says about us. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. Fact is that racism, tribalism, prejudice, etc. One strategy that can help us maintain the proper focus is to listen with the goal of understanding rather than evaluating. The majority of children in the study—both black and white—had a “strong and consistent pro-white bias.” To explore how young children may show racial and gender bias, the researchers conducted two experiments to examine whether preschool children are aware of and demonstrate bias toward other … ACA: What is your response to comments like this, when a counselor shamelessly touts her serious unethical behavior? It’s likely that we feel more at ease with what is familiar to us. Jully Black and Jeanne Beker Notice it is the white woman – Jeanne Beker – who first interrupts the black woman – Jully Black – who takes the interruption in her stride. Consider an example from history: the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. Also, if we allow our unjust system to continue, we likely will never experience the true joy that comes from living in a diverse community and celebrating cultural differences. Those with privilege have a responsibility to leverage their unearned advantages to combat injustice and oppression. Reading this, I am appalled that the ACA would print this. Michelle Trotman Scott, Brian L. Wright, and Donna Y. Ford. It is an awareness that we play a present part in a discriminatory system of which we must work to become aware. 5) We could do nothing about racial injustice, but do we want to? How did she feel when it happened? Thank you again for the valid picture of our reality. 3) Do we acknowledge that multiple interpretations exist for past and current events? Authors of textbooks and class curricula write from their own frames of reference — they are not neutral, blank slates who simply report the facts. I am a Latina and I have experienced my own discrimination and so I know the feeling of oppression. 2) Do we desire people of color to “act White”? The goal of the conversation is to invite White individuals to engage in a dialogue about systemic privilege and oppression rather than become defensive. “attributing characteristics and behaviors to race that have no rational correlation”…..”we need to examine the correlations we make between a person’s race and her or his personal characteristics or behaviors.”…”his behavior cannot be attributed to his race”…”This is something that we need to unlearn.” The verbiage shared is exactly what is discussed in the book “White Fragility” by D’Angelo. Among the folks who said that discrimination existed, exactly half of all respondents felt the discrimination that black people face from individual people was a bigger cause for concern. 4) Does defensiveness keep us from truly listening to people of color? We have ethical standards for a reason, and if this kind of dangerous thinking goes unchecked on this very website, it makes me question why we have those standards in the first place. Any notion that holds that one can know what a person thinks based upon their skin color is inherently racist. Sadly, we rarely consider the discomfort that people of color face as they navigate White cultural norms every day. One was of 7,917 law enforcement officers from 54 police and sheriff’s departments across the U.S., designed and weighted to represent the population of officers who work in agencies that employ at least 100 full-time sworn law enforcement officers with general arrest powers, and conducted between May and August 2016. Lets distract by arguing semantics. (These percentages are based on only those officers who offered a rating.). If George Floyd had been White, that incident in Minneapolis would not have happened. For the first time, I feel like someone has become my voice as a professional.

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