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how deep is lake superior

In the winter of 1926 Lake Superior reached its lowest recorded level at 1.58 feet (0.48 m) below datum. Lake Superior's Fish Species. By 1921, development in support of transportation and hydroelectric power resulted in gates, locks, power canals and other control structures completely spanning St. Marys rapids. During most winters the lake is 40 to 95 percent covered with ice. Michiganders sure are lucky to live amongst so much beauty. The Duluth Ship Canal is an artificial canal cut through Minnesota Point, providing direct access to Duluth harbor from Lake Superior.Begun privately in 1871, it was put under federal supervision and maintenance several years later. Lake whitefish are prized for their delicate fillets and, like ciscoes, are lower on the food chain than lake trout and consequentially contain fewer bioaccumulative toxins. How deep is Lake Superior? It has a mean surface elevation of 600 feet (180 metres) above sea level and a maximum depth of 1,332 feet (406 metres). In the most recent geological history, during the Wisconsin glaciation 10,000 years ago, ice covered the region at a thickness of 1.25 miles (2 km). The man claimed that a creature attacked and attempted to constrict him. Lake Superior is 350 miles (563 km) long (east to west), and its greatest width is 160 miles (258 km) from north to south. Another culture known as the Terminal Woodland Indians (c. AD 900–1650) has been found. As with many lakes, Lake Superior is home to many species of birds, including varieties of hawks, loons, owls and woodpeckers. The numbers for the world’s largest … At the end of your trek, nothing is more beautiful than watching a Lake Superior sunset from nearly any spot along the national lakeshore. 8, The average elevation of Lake Superior is about 602 feet above sea level. In addition, many fish species have been either intentionally or accidentally introduced to Lake Superior: Atlantic salmon, brown trout, carp, chinook salmon, coho salmon, freshwater drum, pink salmon, rainbow smelt, rainbow trout, round goby, ruffe, sea lamprey and white perch. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. It called this because it is north of Lake Huron, which was discovered first by Brûlé. The Laurel people (c. 500 BC to AD 500) developed seine net fishing, evidence being found at rivers around Superior such as the Pic and Michipicoten. [citation needed] This variation in temperature makes the lake seasonally stratigraphic. The rocks of Lake Superior's northern shore date back to the early history of the earth. [23], According to a study by professors at the University of Minnesota Duluth, Lake Superior may have warmed faster than its surrounding area. Freezing of the lakes is monitored because it affects hydropower generation, commercial shipping, the fishing industry and more, according to the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research. The first people came to the Lake Superior region 10,000 years ago after the retreat of the glaciers in the last Ice Age. Lake whitefish live in deep waters mainly along Lake Superior's South Shore. To reach its deepest point, you'd need to descend 1,276 feet – about the distance of a ride down from the top floor of Chicago's 108-story Willis Tower. Water levels, including diversions of water from the Hudson Bay watershed, are regulated by the International Lake Superior Board of Control, which was established in 1914 by the International Joint Commission. Lake Superior's volume is so large that it could contain all the other Great Lakes plus three additional lakes the size of Lake Erie. This is due to their lower latitudes and large depths. The average water temperature is 40 F (4.4 C) — lower than the other Great Lakes, which are farther south. Lake Superior is a fresh water lake, 1.333 feet deep in certain places. By the mid-18th century, the Ojibwe occupied all of Lake Superior's shores.[38]. The Ojibwe name for the lake is gichi-gami (pronounced gitchi-gami or kitchi-gami in different dialects),[13] meaning "great sea". Because of varying depths and unpredictable weather, Lake Superior and the other Great Lakes have been prone to maritime accidents. [36] Without the immense weight of the ice, the land rebounded, and a drainage outlet formed at Sault Ste. Marie in 1662. In the 18th century, as the booming fur trade supplied Europe with beaver hats, the Hudson's Bay Company had a virtual monopoly in the region until 1783, when the rival North West Company was formed. Duluth-Superior, at the western end of Lake Superior, is the most inland point on the St. Lawrence Seaway and the most inland port in the world. Richard Hurd CC BY-SA 2.0. Marie, Ontario. SS Edmund Fitzgerald was the latest ship to sink in Lake Superior, 15 nautical miles (28 km; 17 mi) from Whitefish Point in a storm on November 10, 1975. 5. Large cargo vessels called lake freighters, as well as smaller ocean-going freighters, transport these commodities across Lake Superior. The southern shore of Lake Superior between Grand Marais, Michigan, and Whitefish Point is known as the "Graveyard of the Great Lakes" and more ships have been lost around the Whitefish Point area than any other part of Lake Superior. Image source: http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pr/ourlakes/background.html It is shared by the Canadian province of Ontario to the north, the U.S. state of Minnesota to the west, and Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to the south. The increase in the lake's surface temperature may be related to the decreasing ice cover. The moon rises at sunset at Split Rock Lighthouse, on the North Shore of Lake Superior in Minnesota. Lake Superior is a major shipping hub. Twice per year, however, the water column reaches a uniform temperature of 39 Â°F (4 Â°C) from top to bottom, and the lake waters thoroughly mix. The largest island in Lake Superior is Isle Royale in the state of Michigan. [42] These shipwrecks are now protected by the Whitefish Point Underwater Preserve. This shoal rises vertically from Lake Superior’s 280 foot bottom, and lies only three feet beneath the water. Lake Superior- Is the Largest and Deepest Great Lake. Magma was injected between layers of sedimentary rock, forming diabase sills. They are believed to be the direct ancestors of the Ojibwe and Cree.[37]. [7], American limnologist J. Val Klump was the first person to reach the lowest depth of Lake Superior on July 30, 1985, as part of a scientific expedition, which at 122 fathoms 1 foot (733 ft or 223 m) below sea level is the second-lowest spot in the continental interior of the United States and the third-lowest spot in the interior of the North American continent after Iliamna Lake in Alaska (942 feet [287 m] below sea level) and Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada at (1,503 feet [458 m] below sea level). Over 300 streams and rivers empty into Lake Superior. Lake Superior's Deepest Point is 1,333 ft (406 m) deep! Among the scenic places on the lake are Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, Brockway Mountain Drive on the Keweenaw Peninsula, Isle Royale National Park, Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park, Pukaskwa National Park, Lake Superior Provincial Park, Grand Island National Recreation Area, Sleeping Giant (Ontario) and Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. How Deep is Crater Lake? NY 10036. I found a graphic image that pretty much shows the Great Lakes and a few other lakes that put it all in perspective. Lake Superior boasts extremely clear water, with an average underwater visibility of 27 feet (8.2 m). The Great Lakes Circle Tour is a designated scenic road system connecting all of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River.[29]. Naturally, Lake Superior is by far the deepest lake in Minnesota, with depths as impressive as 1333 feet. ... 12. Lake Superior is the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area, and the third largest by volume. It has an average depth of 483 feet with the deepest depth can go as far as 1,332 feet. The bay, 30 miles (48 km) long (northwest to southeast) and 15 to 34 miles (24 to 55 km) wide, is fed by the Tahquamenon River and connects to the southeast with Lake Huron Lake Baikal in southern Russia is the world's deepest lake. Lake Superior is the largest freshwater lake in the world in area and the third largest in volume, behind Lake Baikal in Siberia and Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. They used bows and arrows, paddled dugout canoes, fished, hunted, mined copper for tools and weapons, and established trading networks. 7. Whitefish Bay, southeastern arm of Lake Superior, the centre of which forms the border of Ontario (Can.) The low water was a continuation of the dropping lake levels from the previous year, 1925, which set low-water records for October through December. In all of the five Great Lakes, Lake Superior stands as the biggest and widest lake of all. The mountains steadily eroded, depositing layers of sediments that compacted and became limestone, dolomite, taconite and the shale at Kakabeka Falls. Basin depth is 8-foot minimum entry and main basin: 5-foot depth at dock and ramp ends. There was a problem. State Journal archives SS Edmund Fitzgerald. Clear water laps the shore at Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. Lake Superior is so large and so deep that its retention time – about how long an average drop of water remains in the Lake – is 191 years. above Lake Huron). The region surrounding the lake has proved to be rich in minerals, with copper, iron, silver, gold and nickel the most frequently mined. [23] In the summer of 2007 monthly historic lows were set; August at 0.66 feet (0.20 m), September at 0.58 feet (0.18 m). The lake's surface temperature rose by 4.5 Â°F (2.5 Â°C) from 1979 to 2006.[32]. The last time that Lake Superior almost entirely froze over was in 1979 when the lake reached 94.7% ice coverage. The wreck was immortalized by Gordon Lightfoot in his ballad "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald". There are 78 different species of fish that call the big lake home. (Though Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and deeper than Lake Superior, Crater Lake's elevation is higher and consequently its deepest point is 4,229 feet (1,289 m) above sea level. This graphic may be hard to understand at first, the y axis on the left is based on altitude above sea level. A ship approaches the Duluth Pier Lighthouse. Exact dates for the shipping season vary each year,[41] depending on weather conditions that form and break the ice. [44] This is because of the unusually cold water, under 36 Â°F (2 Â°C) on average around 1970. The average underwater visibility of Lake Superior is about 8 metres or 27 feet, making it the cleanest and clearest of the Great Lakes. Visit our corporate site. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Shipping was slow to arrive at Lake Superior in the 19th century. [23], Historic low water [23] Additionally, the entire first half of the year (January to June) included record low months. During the Precambrian (between 4.5 billion and 540 million years ago) magma forcing its way to the surface created the intrusive granites of the Canadian Shield. The land contours familiar today were carved by the advance and retreat of the ice sheet. The lake was also called Lac Tracy (for Alexandre de Prouville de Tracy) by 17th century Jesuit missionaries. That number becomes 88 by including all fish species found in the lake, its estuaries and associated wetlands. Lake Superior's basin is home to nearly 60 orchid species. Stony debris and sediments, and eventually a great lake, not an ocean, filled the deep depression that had been left on the land. The Caspian Sea, while larger than Lake Superior in both surface area and volume, is brackish; though presently isolated, prehistorically the Caspian has been repeatedly connected to and then isolated from the Mediterranean via the Black Sea. The next documented people are known as the Shield Archaic (c. 5000–500 BC). The deepest part of Lake Superior is 1,332 feet or 406 meters deep. The deepest point in Lake Superior (about 40 miles north of Munising, Michigan) is 1,300 feet (400 meters) below the surface. In 1985, scientists using a submersible vessel descended for the first time to the deepest part of Lake Superior (-1,332 ft./-405 m), near the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore in Michigan waters. Lake Superior has an average underwater visibility of 27 feet (8.2 meters). Glacial meltwaters gathered in the Superior basin creating Lake Minong, a precursor to Lake Superior. Lake Vostok - ~1,000 m/~3,300 ft. Vostok Lake in Antarctica is, at 3,300 feet, the fourth deepest … The lake's lowest levels occur in March and April. The water temperatures during the summer months average about 55 F, but surface temperatures reached a record 68.7 F (20.4 C) in August 2010 and are affected by the amount of surface ice during the previous winter. The lake is about 160 miles (257 kilometers) wide and about 350 miles (563 km) long. It is an estimated 5,387 feet deep (1,642 meters), and its bottom is approximately 3,893 feet (1,187 meters) below sea level. [13], The first French explorers approaching the great inland sea by way of the Ottawa River and Lake Huron in the 17th century referred to their discovery as le lac supérieur (the upper lake, i.e. ), While the temperature of the surface of Lake Superior varies seasonally, the temperature below 110 fathoms (660 ft; 200 m) is an almost constant 39 Â°F (4 Â°C). Here is a video of a research team sending a probe down to one of the Deepest Points of Lake Superior: The larger cities on Lake Superior include the twin ports of Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin; Thunder Bay, Ontario; Marquette, Michigan; and the twin cities of Sault Ste. New York, They are known as the Plano, and they used stone-tipped spears to hunt caribou on the northwestern side of Lake Minong. [34] The lake lies in this long-extinct Mesoproterozoic rift valley, the Midcontinent Rift. [12] Superior is the farthest north and west of the Great Lakes chain, and the highest in elevation, draining through the St. Mary's River into Lake Huron. Located on the borders of the United States and Canada, Lake Superior spreads around the states of Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Lake Superior has its origins in the North American Mid-Continent Rift of 1.1 to 1.2 billion years ago, which produced a huge plume of hot mantle where the present lake sits. The greatest and biggest of all the Great Lakes is Lake Superior. Superior was a major mode of transportation for the fur industry and other trading activities during the Colonial period and remains a shipping hub today. [25] This would be a significant departure from historical records as, according to Hubert Lamb, Samuel Champlain reported ice along the shores of Lake Superior in June 1608. [23] The winter of 1986 set new high-water records through the winter and spring months (January to June), ranging from 1.33 feet (0.41 m) to 1.833 feet (0.559 m) above Chart Datum. Accidental introductions have occurred in part by the removal of natural barriers to navigation between the Great Lakes. [17][18], Annual storms on Lake Superior regularly feature wave heights of over 20 feet (6 m). Less winter ice cover allows more solar radiation to penetrate and warm the water. [12], Largest of the Great Lakes of North America, International Lake Superior Board of Control, Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park, Great Storms of the North American Great Lakes, List of shipwrecks of western Lake Superior, Great Recycling and Northern Development Canal, "Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) v.1", "Tunnel Valleys, Glacial Surges, and Subglacial Hydrology of the Superior Lobe, Minnesota", "Great Lakes: Basic Information: Physical Facts", Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, "Superior Pursuit: Facts About the Greatest Great Lake", "Global Warming Is Shrinking the Great Lakes", "Lake Superior Warming Faster than Surrounding Climate", "Extensive Great Lakes Ice Coverage to Limit Severe Weather, Pose Challenges to Shipping Industry", "After Achieving 95 Percent Coverage, Lake Superior's Ice Breaking Up", "Environmental Climatology of Lake Superior", "NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-29: Evaporation from Lake Superior", Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, "Ontario Amethyst: Ontario's Mineral Emblem", "Century-Old Shipwreck Discovered: Ore Carrier Went Down in Lake Superior on Its Second Voyage", "Increasing Stoichiometric Imbalance in North America's Largest Lake: Nitrification in Lake Superior", "Great Lakes Sensitivity to Climatic Forcing: Hydrological Models", "Rockin' the Rift, The Billion-Year-Old Split that Made Us", Lake Superior NOAA nautical chart #14961 online, Parks Canada - Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area, Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Superior&oldid=991606126, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2020, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1,729 mi (2,783 km) plus 997 mi (1,605 km) for islands, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 22:54. With a total water surface of 82,000 sq km or 31,700 sq mi and an average depth of 147 meters or 483 feet, many sea vessels succumb to its ever-changing currents. Lake Superior's size reduces the severity of the seasons of its humid continental climate (more typically seen in locations like Nova Scotia). This hard diabase protects the layers of sedimentary rock below, forming the flat-topped mesas in the Thunder Bay area. They soon became the dominant Native American nation in the region: they forced out the Sioux and Fox and won a victory against the Iroquois west of Sault Ste. The first people to settle in the region arrived around 8000 B.C., after glaciers retreated, according to History of Lake Superior: A Timeline. Lake Superior is the largest of the Great Lakes of North America, the world's largest freshwater lake by surface area, and the third largest freshwater lake by volume. The Soo Locks enable ships to bypass the rapids and to overcome the 25-foot (8 m) height difference between Lakes Superior and Huron. [7] There is enough water in Lake Superior to cover the entire land mass of North and South America to a depth of 30 centimetres (12 in). You will receive a verification email shortly. The lake’s drainage basin is 49,300 square miles (127,700 square km), exclusive of its surface area of 31,700 square miles (82,100 square km). They are known as the Plano, and they used stone-tipped spears to hunt caribou on the northwestern side of Lake Minong. French explorers, including Samuel de Champlain (circa 1567-1635) and his scout, Étienne Brûlé (circa 1592-1632), arrived in the mid-1600s, according to the Canadian Museum of History. Lake Superior first took shape about 1.2 billion years ago as a result of the North American Mid-Continent Rift, which carved an arc-shaped scar stretching from Kansas through Minnesota. The regulating structure is known as the Compensating Works and is operated according to a regulation plan known as Plan 1977-A. Two recent consecutive winters (2013–2014 and 2014–2015) brought unusually high ice coverage to the Great Lakes, and on March 6, 2014, overall ice coverage peaked at 92.5%, the second-highest in recorded history. The Lake Superior region is also home to many common native plant species, including Michigan's state tree, the white pine, and Flowering Rush, an aquatic plant that grows along the shoreline. During most winters, the lake is 40 to 95 percent covered with ice, although it rarely completely freezes. Additional reporting by Alina Bradford, Live Science Contributor. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Lake Superior drains into Lake Huron via the St. Marys River. If you stand on a bank, you will not even come close to seeing the other side, as it’s 167 miles wide and 350 miles long. By The normal low-water mark is 0.33 feet (0.10 m) below datum (601.1 ft or 183.2 m). © [19] Waves well over 30 feet (9 m) have been recorded.[20]. [33] These ancient granites can be seen on the North Shore today. The lake's water level fluctuates from month to month, with the highest lake levels in October and November. The 729-foot ore freighter Edmund Fitzgerald sank in a roiling Lake Superior on Nov. 10, 1975. In 1918 the last warships to sink in the Great Lakes, French minesweepers Inkerman and Cerisoles, vanished in a Lake Superior storm, perhaps upon striking the uncharted danger of the Superior Shoal in an otherwise deep part of the lake. It may relate to anthropogenic alternations to the regional nitrogen cycle, but researchers are still unsure of the causes of this change to the lake's ecology. Edmund Fitzgerald was battered so intensely by Lake Superior that the 729-foot (222 m) ship split in half; her two pieces are approximately 170 feet (52 m) apart in a depth of 91 fathoms 4 feet (550 ft or 170 m). Please refresh the page and try again. Lightfoot sings that "The lake, it is said, never gives up her dead". There is a small population of endangered whooping cranes on the lake's north shore, one of only two crane species in North America. How Big & Deep is Lake Superior? Lake Superior has a surface area of 31,700 square miles (82,103 km2),[7] which is approximately the size of South Carolina or Austria. [27] Lake Superior's ice coverage further beat 2014's record in 2019, reaching 95% coverage.[28]. Pitz.[43]. Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? Most of the Pukaskwa Pits were likely made during this time. At the mouth of the Michipicoten River, nine layers of encampments have been discovered. Ice covers rocks on Lake Superior. Kim Ann Zimmermann - Live Science Contributor The Objibways said that the lake was protected by Nanabijou, Spirit of the Deep Sea Water, according to the University of Wisconsin. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Wreckage of SS Cyprus—a 420-foot (130 m) ore carrier that sank on October 11, 1907, during a Lake Superior storm in 77 fathoms (460 ft or 140 m) of water—was located in August 2007. [47][48], Lake Superior has fewer dissolved nutrients relative to its water volume than the other Great Lakes and so is less productive in terms of fish populations and is an oligotrophic lake. Other well-known islands include Madeline Island in the state of Wisconsin, Michipicoten Island in the province of Ontario, and Grand Island (the location of the Grand Island National Recreation Area) in the state of Michigan. It has a maximum length of 350 statute miles (560 km; 300 nmi) and maximum breadth of 160 statute miles (257 km; 139 nmi). Water temperatures on Lake Michigan make it to the 60s in July and August and can sometimes make it into the 70s when air temperatures have been in the 90s for a number of continuous days.The water of Lake Michigan has an unusual circulatory pattern — it resembles the traffic flow in a suburban cul-de-sac — and moves very slowly. The first people came to the Lake Superior region 10,000 years ago after the retreat of the glaciers in the last Ice Age. The retreat left gravel, sand, clay and boulder deposits. [24] Summer surface temperatures in the lake appeared to have increased by about 4.5 Â°F (2.5 Â°C) between 1979 and 2007, compared with an approximately 2.7 Â°F (1.5 Â°C) increase in the surrounding average air temperature. [8] Its average depth is 80.5 fathoms (483 ft; 147 m) with a maximum depth of 222.17 fathoms (1,333 ft; 406 m). Species native to the lake include: banded killifish, bloater, brook trout, burbot, cisco, lake sturgeon, lake trout, lake whitefish, longnose sucker, muskellunge, northern pike, pumpkinseed, rock bass, round whitefish, smallmouth bass, walleye, white sucker and yellow perch. Many towns around the lake are current or former mining areas, or engaged in processing or shipping. It was taken from the submarine Celia during a 1994 dive. June and July are calm months, while October and November are prone to storms. The wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald in Lake Superior is seen in this photo of the 729-foot vessel, resting in two pieces 530 feet below the surface. But by 1821, with competition harming the profits of both, the companies merged under the Hudson's Bay Company name. Lake Superior is not only the largest of the Great Lakes; it is the largest body of fresh water on Earth. By 500 B.C., Laurel people were trading for metal and other goods with different regions. They called Lake Superior either Ojibwe Gichigami ("the Ojibwe's Great Sea") or Anishnaabe Gichgamiing ("the Anishinaabe's Great Sea"). Deepest Lake in North America: Great Slave Lake. The following tables can be sorted by column. Notable production includes gold from the Hemlo mine near Marathon, copper from the Keweenaw Peninsula and the Mamainse Point Formation, iron from the Gogebic Range, silver at Silver Islet, and uranium at Theano Point. It has an Average Depth of 483 ft (147 m) deep. Underwater visibility in some spots reaches 30 meters. Storms that claimed multiple ships include the Mataafa Storm in 1905 and the Great Lakes Storm of 1913. The lake holds 3 quadrillion gallons of fresh water. Evidence of this culture can be found at the eastern and western ends of the Canadian shore. [31] Normally, bacteria decaying a sunken body will bloat it with gas, causing it to float to the surface after a few days. Because of its volume, Lake Superior has a retention time of 191 years. [46], More than 80 species of fish have been found in Lake Superior. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Winter temperatures around the lake rarely fall below minus 30 F (minus 34 C), well above inland temperatures. [17] It is also a reflection of relatively small human population and small amount of agriculture in its watershed. With 78 crewmembers dead, their sinking marked the largest loss of life on Lake Superior to date. According to other sources, the full Ojibwe name is Ojibwe Gichigami ("Ojibwe's Great Sea") or Anishinaabe Gichigami ("Anishinaabe's Great Sea"). [15] The British, upon taking control of the region from the French in the 1760s following the French and Indian War, anglicized the lake's name to Superior, "on account of its being superior in magnitude to any of the lakes on that vast continent".[16]. After the arrival of Europeans, the Anishinaabe made themselves middle-men between the French fur traders and other Native peoples. Marie. Until approximately 1887, the natural hydraulic conveyance through the St. Marys River rapids determined the outflow from Lake Superior. Receive news and offers from our other brands? Hiking, camping, sightseeing, and four-season outdoor opportunities abound. Duluth's Hawk Ridge, which is on the lake's north shore, hosts as many as 10,000 migrating birds of prey each day during the fall migration season. Statue of Liberty, 305 feet (93 m) New York City, New York Washington Monument, 555 feet (169 : m) Washington D.C. Eiffel Tower, 985 feet (300 m) Paris, France -~ Tour Boat. [21] Water levels recovered within a few days. As of 2017, there were only 483 individuals in the wild across North America, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The southern shores of Lake Superior boasts Pictured Rocks, a 42 mile stretch of gorgeous, multicolored sandstone cliffs with waterfalls and caves galore. 48 feet long (15 m) Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the … The lake's name comes from the French word lac supérieur, which means "upper lake." Fifty-one species of fish (native and non-native) reproduce in Lake Superior. The deepest lake in North America is the Great …

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