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density of linen

Linen is the best fabric to have on your skin if you tend to overheat, and this cover is breathable but warm. If you understand that the “count” means threads per inch then converting from a European to a North American thread count isn’t difficult. The higher the thread count or number, the more densely the linen is woven. I do appreciate this blog. Liebe Grüße, I mainly use linen twill which I buy online from UK sources (Crewel Works Co.,(very beautiful oatmeal color and super quality), Sue Hawkins (she uses a golden-tinted finer linen twill made in Belgium that I really like), and another source that I thought was of lesser quality (Lenham Needlecraft). überlegen – to think, consider, ponder, deliberate, In the photo above, you see linen I ordered from Luzine Happel. I was confused by the European count method when I first began embroidering and had no idea what the equivalent to U.S. thread count was! How it feels is as important to me as the count. There you will find her contact details. This is more than a simple maths lesson though. Granted, the holes aren’t very big – compare them to the pin! This type is often used for everyday household linens and clothing. The link is:, Hi Sharon, Liebe Grüße, Linen varies from a creamy white to greyish brown, the depth of colour depending largely on the time and condition of retting. Looking closely, you can see that the threads are of similar thickness and that the linen has “holes” between the threads. Linen is used for variety of uses: from bed and bath fabrics, home and commercial furnishing items, apparel items to industrial products. The fabric is called Aida and is woven to create exactly even squares of fabric with exactly spaced holes. For all other counts, the higher the number the thinner the yarn. From this the linear density is calculated from the weight and length of the skein. Good on you for being particular and doing things properly. Liebe Grüße, I went to Happel’s and Bayeux website but did not see the linen that either use so that I can purcase. In Len.Ok linen sheets we have this measurement of 66 yarns per inch (260 per meter) THREAD DENSITY Color coded to designate soiled linens; Labeled in English and Spanish; Strong and secure; More Info # ML3484. Linen is a material made from the fibres of the flax plant. It’s a 35 count linen I bought in the USA and I’m 99% sure it’s from Zweigert. I like the fact that her pricing includes shipping so no checkout shock – I’m in Canada. Sometimes the linen required needs to have fine threads with a more open weave for pulled and drawn thread projects and other times a linen is needed with a close weave and round/fat threads for surface embroidery and cut work projects. If you are traveling, or have the chance to buy linen from an online retailer who describes the linen in the “other” thread count from what you’re familiar with, it’s good to know what you’ll be ordering so you’re not unpleasantly surprised. I need to save this post for future reference. Liebe Grüße, Then I opened the second package and saw this linen: it’s only 50 count linen as opposed to the 60 count from Broderie Bayeux, but the threads are much more plump. Real linen bedding essentials for every bed from tiny toddler bed to super king – duvet covers, housewife pillowcases, ruffled pillow shams, seamless fitted sheets, flat sheets in mild white, natural gray, rose brown, dark gray and a big variety of superb colors. Linen is sold according to thread count. Yes, well…that’s something to look forward to, isn’t it? I bought it at Sophia Passion in Bayeux. Linen possesses a natural crispness when ironed damp, thus does not require starching, and has a natural lustre. Comments? I think that a good quality linen makes all the difference to the outcome of my stitching projects as well as being a pleasure to work with. The linen above is 14 threads/cm OR 35 count white linen. Elongation at break: Linen does not stress easily. Is cross stitch linen different? no voids). The shop Sophie Passion is in Bayeux. It’s very stiff even after I wash it by hand and air dry it. Figured it out gradually by trial and error, and M. Corbet’s blog was a big help. Really enjoyed this post. I’m always on the lookout for an openweave linen with a high thread count, say between 50 and 60 threads per inch for pulled work. Elongation at break: Linen does not stress easily. Its primary use is to compare the weight of certain textile products for which the thread count does not provide sufficient information; for example, whether a given product is suitable for warm or cold seasons. PHENOLIC SHEET - GRADE LE Linen sheets per Mil-I-24768/13, LE, Linen, LP 509, MIL P 15035, Type FBE, mil-p-18177 is available through the Professional Plastics website. I would think that most places would offer a snippet. History of Linen. Lastly the linen from Luzine Happel. (Warp = threads that run vertically. The density, also called volumic mass or mass density, is the mass per unit volume and has ρ as its symbol. (It is expensive!) Her linen comes from a German supplier who she has an agreement with and I had to order through her. The linen from Borderie Bayeux is found in an odd place – under “other product” then go to “wool” and you will find it. Kathy – I agree with you about not being able to touch and feel the linen when I purchase on-line. Kathy. Another thing that stores will do is call something ‘Belgium or Irish linen” but it’s more of a generic term than actual linen from those areas.I called one online store and asked about the Ulster linen that they sold, questioning the country of origin. Linen is bast fiber. Aida is too stiff and I haven’t worked with it for probably 30 plus years now. it depends. I made this Linen Cloth Farming guide to help out players who want to farm the cloths instead of buying them from the Auction House. Re cross stitch linen – as long as its even weave, it’ll work for cross stitch. Might work for those of you in Europe though. Kathy. Fabric density at least for Irish linens that make them seem warmer than wool alternatives . I know it’s produced in Europe but I don’t know where or by whom and I WILL NOT pay export duty twice – once when the linen is imported to the USA and then again when I order it and must pay duty when it comes back into the EU. You didn’t say directly, but I assume one can buy linen from Broderie Bayeux? NeK is an indirect measure of linear density. The cost of linen varies widely and depends on the quality of the fibers used and the density of the weave. A field of linen in the French sunshine takes my breath away! It helps compare which of these are suitable for use in summer or winter: the higher the number, the heavier the product, and the more suitable it will be for colder months. Any questions about linen? But the GSM and cover factor also depend on the thread density. It’s s frustrating not to be able to find what you need locally and easily isn’t it? Top quality flax is primarily grown in Western Europe. While thread count is suitable to describe bed linen, fabric density is used to measure thicker woven textiles like sofa cushions, bedspreads, throws, and blankets. I have to order linen on-line if I want to use higher counts. Even if I have to pay postage its worth saving myself from making an investment in a linen that does not meet my needs. Linen fabric has a number of properties, that makes it highly useful for various applications, in industry, in home furnishings and apparels. Your email address will not be published. Linen spinning did not really progress until James Kay of Preston invented &lsquowet spinning&rsquo in 1825. She says in her book, Basic Principals of Schwalm Whitework, “…your time and efforts deserve the very best fabric”. Perhaps I am, as my mother often said, splitting hairs, but I do like to do things properly… Aber wenn mann teueren Stoff kaufen muss, ist es nicht so praktisch, nö? It is fine linen indeed! It was a necessary skill, it was an accomplishment, it was a chance to appear to be active while giving ones mind free rein to consider, to think. I really want to try some surface embroidery projects on linen, I have heard so much about it. It has a tenacity of 5.5 to 6.5 gm/den. Liebe Grüße, There are very few resources for those of us who enjoy surface embroidery more than other types of needlework. The higher the GSM, the heavier the towel and the softer and more absorbent. Kathy. (Fäden=thread in German), If I was purchasing that same linen in the USA it would say “40 count linen” on the label. NeS is an indirect measure of linear density. Most of the books I’ve seen talk about using only up to 40ct, but, whilst that’s going to produce something smaller, I kinda feel it’s not quite small enough to be really convincing 1:12 scale. There are two varieties: shorter tow fibers used for coarser fabrics and longer line fibers used for finer fabrics. Flax fibers vary in length from about 25 to 150 mm (1 to 6 in) and average 12–16 micrometers in diameter. An unbroken thread of women, stitching quietly, their minds pondering, considering, thinking, deliberating...for ages and ages. No Reviews. You’ll know what that means too!=). Advice? Or at least buy a small amount and work with the fabric. Unfortunately I don’t know italian and I believe the shipping could be prohibitive to here. Kathy. I’ve learnt to go to any shop I can find and see what they have. Sophie Passion, I order from Philipa too but haven’t tried the linen twill from Sue Hawkins. Linen fabric is made from the cellulose fibers that grow inside of the stalks of the flax plant, or Linum usitatissimum, one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history. While evidence is scant from prehistoric times, it appears that Neolithic peoples in Europe were making textiles from linen as long as 36,000 years ago.Therefore, linen is one of the longest-produced textiles, and its history may stretch back even farther than the most ancient evidence that modern archaeology has uncovered. I agree with you about the threads vs the openness of the weave. It sound like it is lighter weight maybe…? There are several different brands and they look very similar to what you have pictured. I do mostly counted cross stitch on linen. There are few embroidery shops in Cape Town and little choice of linens, most are Zweigart from DMC. The strength is greater than cotton fiber. Length: 18 to 30 inch in length. To contact Luzine Happel go to her home page and scroll down to the very bottom. Looking at the excellent close up photos, I’d say this linen IS evenweave, though you’d have to be careful as a lot of it isn’t. You probably go through more fabric than I do so cost is a primary consideration. I recently had to search very hard for some 38 ct / inch linen. The cost of linen varies widely and depends on the quality of the fibers used and the density of the weave. I thought the first linen I showed you (photo 2) was incredible when I open the package. I think cross stitch linen is different. It may be bleached to white or near white, or to any stage between the original colour and white, and is found on the market at the various stages of bleaching. I would also love to find a good quality cotton muslin of the same thread count. Thread counts range from as low as 20 threads per inch as used in tobacco cloth to as high as 350 threads per inch, found in typewriter ribbon fabrics. Vintage linen is very desirable, it’s soft and the feeling is very hard to replicate by any mechanical process. Or maybe the linen from Borderie Bayeux? Thank you very much for the helpful information about the various counts and types of linen. Sounds like what you have now it far superior! lol I love doing reproduction samplers. Flax/Linen Source. The ideal weight for linen sheets is between 175 and 190 grams per square meter. GSM stands for grams per square meter; it’s a measure of the density of a towel. Kathy. In the USA it’s measured in threads per inch. I was told with a chidding snicker ” I don’t know where its from.” Well! Lovely, lovely linen. There is a post coming up about the shop in Bayeux called Broderie Bayeux and, yes, she does sell the linen.By the way, I think I answered via email but I may have missed it with school getting ready to start (tomorrow aarrgghh!) The count is only a little higher (the density of the threads per cm is only a little more than the linen in the first photo) but the individual threads are so thick that there aren’t any “holes” between the warp and the weft. Liebe Grüße,, Share it with us! They are more expensive than Aida, but a nicer hand, and easier to do “over one” or half cross stitches. LG, Kathy. This approach has been used by Pénicot [PEN 98] with the Kozeny–Carman model (see section 5.4.3 ) validated across a range of packing densities from 0.2 to 0.7. So a linen with a “count of 12 is a much looser weave that linen with a count of 50, for example. Flax is an annual plant, which means it only lives for one growing season. Physical Properties of Linen: Physical properties of linen fibers are given below: Color: The color of linen fiber is yellowish to grey. Liebe Grüße, To figure out the inches to cm count, divide the “count” by 2.54 and you will have the European size), 14 threads/cm (35 count) white linen Sophia Passion. It is a measurement that provides the base weight of the fabric, given as a value of grams per square metre. Kathy. I know it takes time to set it up but it sure would be helpful and, who knows!, it might boost their sales The source I found was Vetty Creations in Australia. I would love a small sample of the 2 linens you mentioned, thanks for your offer!=) You have my e-mail attached to this comment, so feel free to drop me a line when you have a moment and we can arrange it. Liebe Grüße, Kathy. I do have several online sources sending me samples of linen that they sale. Details & FREE Returns Return this item for free. You are -as is often the case – one step ahead of me! I think it’s a beautiful color and looks fabulous when stitched with white or red and white threads. Kathy. It helps compare which of these are suitable for use in summer or winter: the higher the number, the heavier the product, and the more suitable it will be for colder months. For example, to convert the density from meters per square meter into miles per square meter, multiply the output density by a factor of 1,609.344 (the numbers of meters in a mile). Glad the post helped so many of you! I started cross stitching on Aida but found evenweave / linen and switched and never went back. It’s a natural fabric that comes from a plant with beautiful blue flowers. Please let me know and I could send a tiny sample so you can see if it’s fine enough… As for price,you’re right it isn’t preiswert! The golden cast really brings out the colors in the wools. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The next photo is of two linens for the Bateau Bayeux project. Yarn linear density is often measured using standard test method ASTM D1907. Blue Liners for Soiled Linens. As for buying expensive fabric…well. And yes, the linen available from Sue Hawkins is a bit lighter weight, with almost a sheen to it (not glossy) but not flimsy, and works up beautifully. This linen is 12 threads/cm or 30 count linen. Specified lengths of yarn are wound on reels as skein, and then weighed. Higher end linen sheets may cost up to hundreds of dollars, while lower quality linen sheets can … As of 2010, lower-end linen, which is rougher than a more finely woven linen, can be found for $12.98 a yard. Linen is a textile made from hairs of the flax plant. Oatmeal colored linen? I’m happy that The Unbroken Thread is a good resource for you. Hi Wendi, In the past, we’ve explained the importance of thread count, and what it means for bed linen and textiles. Be the first to write a review. Thank you so much for the lesson on linen! Linenspa High Density Squares- Replacement Cushion for Sofa or Chairs -Multiple Sizes Upholstery Foam, 18 X 18, 1" Depth Visit the Linenspa Store. Here is a completely different linen from the first two. Required fields are marked *. Linen is our canvas and I have to say that as a surface embroiderer it is very frustrating trying to find a high count, quality linen. High High-density foam is naturally the heaviest; beds with high-density foam comfort layers and support cores typically weigh 75 to 90 pounds, or more in some cases Average price Low Because low-density foam is relatively inexpensive, mattresses with this material have the lowest average price-point: about $500 to $750 Possible uses for Line Density include finding density of roads as an influence on wildlife habitat or density of utility lines in a town. 16 threads/cm (40 count) white linen from Luzine Happel. I’d love some good high count stuff though, to try miniature (dolls house sized) counted thread work on.=) Do let us know if you find a preiswert supply somewhere! This is a linen that one sees often in French embroidery. It was iven used for books and for a type of body armour. I’ll use it for my next Bayeux Tapestry replica. The linen on the left is the linen I am using. I so enjoy your blog posts. Registered at Berlin Charlottenburg under registration number HRB 136641. The linen on the right comes from Broderie Bayeux and it’s count is 60! Hi Dianne, I look forward to your next posts. That’s set me thinking!! Benefits of linen Linen is a very durable fibre and has many benefits over cotton.- Linen is 30% stronger than cotton- Has a high moisture absorbency- Hypo-allergenic Price: $14.26 FREE Shipping on your first order. Another term is specific gravity, which is the ratio of the mass of a fiber material and the mass of an equal volume of water (density 1g/cm3). NeL or Lea (Linen Count): The number of 300 yards (270 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. When I go to purchase linen is says something like “16 Fäden/cm” on the label. Yes sounds luscious, but if you put fruity and spicy colored floss on top it would look absolutely delicious! Linen A Line Maxi Skirt. Lyn, Glad to know you enjoy reading The Unbroken Thread – than you! The main difference between this linen and the top linen is that this one is much rougher in the hand. That’s about when I was doing cross stitch – 30 years ago! Let’s talk about linen. Calm, slow, careful stitches gave the appearance of activity, skill and usefulness, but the mind was free to think, to be quiet, to wander... High Density Blue Soiled Linen Liners. This linen isn’t “heavy” but it drapes like a heavy linen. I used to do loads of cross stitch. While the thread count is a measurement of the number of threads in a given area – that is, how tightly woven the threads are – the fabric density is another measurement indicating how much fibre is in a metre square, thereby allowing us to determine how strong and thick a fabric is. Left 14 threads/cm Zweigert linen – Right 24 threads/cm from Broderie Bayeaux. So no, I’m not talking about Aida here. That way the cross stitches will created the design correctly. There are “holes” between the warp and the weft and, although they don’t show as clearly in the photo, they are about the same size as the linen in the top photo. She also suggests that beginners (like me) use 14 threads/cm linen. I don’t get through that many projects in a year. NeL is an indirect measure of linear density. Here is the link. Thanks for the site in Australia and in Italy – we have people from all over so it helps to have as many resources as possible! Tina of @tinasosna on Untreated Materials, Melanie of @melanie.licht on Fast Growing Materials. Hi Sharon, We specialize in supplying timeless stylish, designer-quality pure organic linen bedding for your home. What can I say RMW? As of 2010, lower-end linen, which is rougher than a more finely woven linen, can be found for $12.98 a yard. It was wonderful to see the close-up photos of the threads in the different linens. A second measurement that is extremely important to understand when looking at textiles is fabric density. If anyone can enlighten us further, please let us know via the comments.

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