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amaranthus spinosus common name

vi + 236 pp. LongevityA. Amaranthus spinosus L. In: Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. Allelopathic potential of orange jessamine (Murraya paniculata L.) against weeds. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Waterlogging retards its growth. Highly esteemed[183]. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, unpaginated. Cuttings of growing plants root easily[206]. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. Jørgensen PM; Nee MH; Beck SG, 2015. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden. Lazarides M, Cowley K, Hohnen P, 1997. This plant can be weedy or invasive for a number of crops including beans, coffee, cotton, cowpeas, mangoes, maize,mulberries, oil palms, papayas, pineapples, rice, sorghum, soyabeans, sugarcane, sweet potatoes, tobacco, and vegetables. You can cook the leaves and stems or eaten raw to get its very nutritious benefits. 75:1-1182. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. 2 (5), 266-270 Handbook for weed control in rice. Amaranthus Amaranthus tricolor Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Order: Caryophyllales Family: Amaranthaceae Subfamily: Amaranthoideae Genus: Amaranthus L. Species See text Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. A native of tropical America and is found mainly in warm areas. Thus, it is likely that it has been introduced accidentally as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds and in agricultural machinery (PROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015). Leaves: petiole ± equaling or longer than blade; blade rhombic-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 3-10(-15) × 1.5-6 cm, base broadly cuneate, margins entire, plane or slightly undulate, apex acute or subobtuse. ttp:// Like other amaranths, it produces large numbers of seeds, which can mature after the plant has been cut, and remain viable for long periods. > 0°C, dry winters), Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. Distribution and biology. This beetle may replace the use of herbicides to control occasional infestations (Julien, 1992). Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Potential of, Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. Spreading Pigweed, Mediterranean amaranth, Prince's Feather, Prince-of-wales feather, Thunberg's Pigweed, Thunberg's amaranthus, Chinese Spinach, Joseph's-coat, Fountain Plant, Tampala , Summer Poinsettia. unpaginated. Mokuauia, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. The juice of the root is used in Nepal to treat fevers, urinary troubles, diarrhoea and dysentery[272]. In Cuba, it appears in herbarium collections made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud (US National Herbarium). Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing leaves, spines and seeds. Herb: Spiny Amaranth Latin name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family, Pigweed Family) Medicinal use of Spiny Amaranth: The seed is used as a poultice for broken bones., PROTA, 2015. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Seed - cooked. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. - This introduced weed can be found throughout Missouri and can be quite common in the habitats mentioned above. For example, Japanese authorities report A. spinosus as a contaminant of imported animal feed grains (Kurokawa, 2001). Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Most of the reports come from outside its range and are of non-specific organisms; some, however, may be sufficiently specific for potential biological control (Waterhouse, 1994; El-Aydam and Burki, 1997). The dried leaves contain (per 100g) 267 - 276 calories, 20 - 34.4% protein, 2 - 4.5% fat, 45 - 54% carbohydrate, 9.8 - 10.4% fibre, 16.6 - 24% ash, 1795 - 5333mg calcium, 333 - 460mg phosphorus, 13.5 - 152.7mg iron, 13 - 37mg sodium, 337 - 3528mg potassium, 27.9 - 40.8mg betacarotene equivalent, 0.06mg thiamine, 2.02mg riboflavin, 7.7 - 8.6mg niacin and 503mg ascorbic acid[218]. Kindly give me the Amaranthas spinosus plant papers and reports. Many seeds germinate soon after being dispersed, but some seeds can remain viable for many years in the soil seed bank (Waterhouse, 1994). The entire plant is used to make medicine. Scientific Name Amaranthus spinosus ← → Other Common Names: prickly amaranth. Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, usa. … Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. During our first decision , we wanted Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. In groundnuts, A. spinosus is usually controlled with soil-applied herbicides (Grichar, 1994). PIER, 2015. the processes are intricate , to think that we are still high school students . The weeds: description, ecology and control. This species is a prolific seed producer and one plant can produce up to 235,000 seeds. Waterhouse D F, 1993. In those regions, it is also a serious environmental weed in disturbed sites, secondary forests, along forest edges, and around water troughs (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; Motooka et al., 2003; PIER, 2015; PROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015). A. spinosus spreads by seeds. by Keay R W J]. Compendium record. Flora of Australia. Weeds of the United States and their control. Kingsbury JM, 1964. 6 (Special Issue No. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. A. spinosus is attacked by a number of natural enemies. More information about modern web browsers can be found at Parker C, 1992. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Albersia caudata (Jacq.) > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Other names of the plant are Prickly amaranth, Needle burr, Spiny amaranth, etc. Seeds are dispersed by wind, water and as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds, farm machinery and farm products. Maximum growth is obtained on soils that are high in organic matter, loamy in texture and that have sufficient nitrogen (Holm et al., 1977). Ecological studies of noxious weeds common to India and America, which are becoming an increasing problem in the upper Gangetic plains. Farmland Weeds of China. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. worldwide. Sydney, Australia: Department of Agriculture. It is also used, often combind with the root juice of Dichrophela integra and Rubus ellipticus, to treat stomach disorders and, on its own, to treat indigestion and vomiting that occur after eating unusual foods[272]. We are currently updating this section. ©John D. Byrd/Mississippi State University/ - CC BY 3.0 US. The plant is astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge and galactogogue[4, 61, 147, 218, 238, 240, 272]. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Amaranthus Spinosus to the Blood Hemoglobin count of Mice , but , One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. process we are going to conduct . Plants glabrous or sparsely pubescent in the distal younger parts of stems and branches. Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. Leaves. Lee IY; Oh SM; Moon BC; Kim CS; Park JE; Choi CD, 2007. Protein: 30g; Fat: 4.5g; Carbohydrate: 50g; Fibre: 10g; Ash: 20g; Minerals - Calcium: 5000mg; Phosphorus: 450mg; Iron: 100mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 30mg; Potassium: 3000mg; Zinc: 0mg; Vitamins - A: 40mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.06mg; Riboflavin (B2): 2.02mg; Niacin: 8mg; B6: 0mg; C: 503mg. Called the 'C4 carbon-fixation pathway', this process is particularly efficient at high temperatures, in bright sunlight and under dry conditions[196]. Some tribes in India used A. spinosus to induce abortion (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; PROTA, 2015). The chromosome number reported for A. spinosus is 2n = 34, 68 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). Germination is satisfactory in both light and dark (Holm et al., 1991). The basic chromosome number is 10 (Sammour et al., 1993). Common name: Prickly Amaranth, Edlebur, Needle burr, Spiny amaranth, ... Botanical name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family) Prickly Amaranth is an annual herb with sometimes red tinged erect stems, sometimes ascending, 30-150 cm long, usually branched. An inside review of, Lee IY; Oh SM; Moon BC; Kim CS; Park JE; Choi CD, 2007. Germination is usually rapid and good if the soil is warm[133]. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Hurst (1942) and Kingsbury (1964) both mention A. spinosus as a suspected poisonous plant. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. A paste of the root is used in the treatment of menorrhagia, gonorrhoea, eczema and colic[243, 272]. Seeds black, lenticular or subglobose, 0.7-1 mm diameter, smooth, shiny (Flora of North America, 2015). Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); flowers and stem. Global_description: Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, many-branched annual herb growing up to 1.5 m. Maximum growth occurs in soils high in organic matter, and those with sufficient nitrogen (Holm et al., 1977). Weeds of Bhutan., vi + 236 pp. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR Monograph No 26. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Kawela Bridge, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. It is inadvisable, therefore, to eat this plant if it is grown inorganically. Amaranthus spinosus . This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. Plant Disease, 84(11):1225-1230. Julien MH, 1992. Amaranthus spinosus var. Waterhouse DF, 1994. A. spinosus is reported to be the number three weed in maize in the Philippines as well as a principal weed in that crop in Ghana, Hawaii, Mexico and Thailand, and a common weed in Malaysia and Taiwan. USA. (Catalago de Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia.) Leaves are occasionally found for sale on markets. Common names include: calaloo; needle burr; pigweed; prickly calaloo; prickly callau; prickly caterpillar; spiny amaranthus; spiny calaloo; spiny pigweed; sticker weed; thorny pigweed; wild callau. Stroud A, Parker C, 1989. spiny amaranthus. In South-East Asia a decoction of the root is used to treat gonorrhea and as a antipyretic. Motooka P; Castro L; Nelson D; Nagai G; Ching L, 2003. DyeYellow and green dyes can be obtained from the whole plant[168]. April 2012. Flora Mesoamericana., Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Please post more information regarding this plant in the future as guide for those who want to investigate more regarding this species. Nowadays it is rarely cultivated and grows principally as a weed in crops, pastures and orchards. of ref. Inflorescences simple or compound terminal staminate spikes and axillary subglobose mostly pistillate clusters, erect or with reflexed or nodding tips, usually green to silvery green. ... giving reasonable detail on the more common leaf crops and brief information on a … USDA-NRCS, 2015. Flora of China. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. spinosus is an annual fast-growing herb. Can you please , suggest other procedures to get the desired chemical components Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing characteristic spiny stems. Waterhouse DF, 1993. (Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie.) If older leaves and stems are used the spines must be removed[183]. Our Group want to conduct an experiment regarding the effect of Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Amaranthus spinosus var. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. Wang Z; Xin M; Ma D, 1990. Pyxidium viride (L.) … Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 110-113. (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015), Debris and waste associated with human activities, Pangnakorn and Poonpaiboonpipattana, 2013,,,,, Kumar RP; Jindal Shammy; Gupta Nitin; Rana Rinu, 2014. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). All plant pages have their own unique code. Richardson, TX, USA: University of Texas at Dallas. Marchioretto MS, 2014. Balick MJ, Nee M, Atha DE, 2000. Holm L G, Plucknett D L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, 1977. It grows in arid lowlands and moist uplands on the Galapagos Islands (McMullen, 1999). spiny amaranth. spinosus is also used as forage and said to increase the yield of milk in cattle. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. 1182 pp. Correll DS, Johnston MC, 1979. Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. unpaginated. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company. basiscissus Thell. spinosus was implicated in a case of livestock poisoning in 1973 when 39 dairy cows died after being fed chopped forage sorghum containing as much as 25-33% (by weight) of the weed. Volume 2. Australia: CSIRO Publishing. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. The root is emmenagogue and galactogogue[243]. kindly help to give the detailed report in this plant and also give the Sangameswaran and jeyakar 2007 paper.plz give me the reports and paper immediately.Thanking you sir. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85:1-246. Common Name: Spiny Amaranth. (Cycadaceae a Connaraceae). Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. The genetic variability of A. spinosus is great because of its large area of distribution and its wide ecological adaptation (PROTA, 2015). November 2006. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. MacKee H S, 1994. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). Amaranthus spinosus common name is spiny amaranth and it is belong to amaranthaceae family. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. thanks!!! The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp. 1192 pp. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Environmental Requirements Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Listed as casual in temperate regions of the country and as a weed elsewhere, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); inflorescences long, slender, terminal, with ancillary spikes in clusters, greenish; flowers unisexual, straw-coloured. ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/ - CC BY 3.0 US. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. June 2008. [ed. Common name. Albersia gracilis Webb & Berthel.. Amaranthus acutilobus Uline & W.L.Bray. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry, 4(3):643-653. It will grow both in wet or dry sites, but grows best when soil moisture levels are below field capacity. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. Extracts of the plant Murraya paniculata inhibit seed germination of A. spinosus, giving potential for weed control. & K.Schum. Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food. DAISIE, 2015. In Thai cuisine, where it is called phak khom and in Tamil mullik keerai. 506 pp. French: amarante épineuse; blette épineuse; brèche de Malabar; epinard malabre. Weed * Stem. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization. Right plant wrong place. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. ), which attack some commercial crops. Imazethapyr controlled 72-90% of A. spinosus, whereas bentazone and pyridate failed to provide adequate control (Grichar, 1994). PIER, 2015. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 [ed. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Vol. Weeds of rice in Indonesia [edited by Soerjani, M.; Kostermans, A.J.G.H. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Binomial name of the plant is Amaranthus spinosus.It belongs to the plant family Amaranthaceae.The plant was initially native to the tropical Americas, but later introduced all around … It is a problem weed principally around the Caribbean Sea, the west and south of Africa, around the Bay of Bengal and in East and South-East Asia from Japan to Indonesia. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Hutchinson J, Dalziel J M, 1954. Waihee, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Nitrates are implicated in stomach cancers, blue babies and some other health problems. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Marchioretto MS, 2014. May 2008. J.]. 818 pp. 1), 22-96. Weeds of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127:1-1744. by Marambe, B\Sangakkara, U. R.\Costa, W. A. J. M. de\Abeysekara, A. S. K.]. indehiscens Thell. A red pigment obtained from the plant (the report does not specify which part of the plant) is used as a colouring in foods and medicines[238]. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing inflorescence. Mito T, Uesugi T, 2004. Zuloaga FO; Morrone O; Belgrano MJ, 2008. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. An earlier sowing can be made in a greenhouse and the plants put out after the last expected frosts. Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. Impact of different herbicides on,, Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. Staminate flowers: often terminal or in proximal glomerules; tepals 5, equal or subequal, 1.7-2.5 mm; stamens 5. Biological Control of Weeds: Southeast Asian Prospects. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. It is a common weed of bananas in Taiwan, oil palms in Nicaragua, pineapples in Hawaii, vegetables in Brazil, Ghana, Hawaii, India, the Philippines and the USA, and of tea and jute in Taiwan. Misra R, 1969. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. 425 pp. Amaranthus spinosus Name Synonyms Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus coracanus Mart. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Amaranthus in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil (Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). Ampong-Nyarko and de Datta (1991) indicate resistance to fenoxaprop, piperophos and thiobencarb. Usually flowers and fruits as a weedy plant about 1 m tall. Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. A Weed Identification Guide for Ethiopia. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Part 1. The plant can be used fresh or it can also be harvested when coming into flower and dried for later use[238]. Chinese: tsz-hsien. Natural insect enemies includes the pyralid Herpetogramma bipunctalis and the curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus. Amaranth, scientific name Amaranthus, is a member of the Amaranthaceae family which is related to and resembles Quinoa.Native to Central America and South America, it is also cultivated in the countries having warm climate. The leaves and stems of Amaranthus spinosus are eaten raw or cooked as a spinach. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. An inside review of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: a potential medicinal plant of India. Edible Parts: Leaves  SeedEdible Uses: Leaves and stems - raw or cooked as a spinach[2, 61, 177]. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. The alternately arranged leaves occur on long petioles and are ovate in shape. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A, 3(10):790-796. Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia. Crop Protection, 25(1):39-46. to make a POWDERED TEA , and mix it with water , then , feed the mice . If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. spinosus is susceptible to most of the standard herbicides used on broad-leaved weeds. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. It should also be noted that repeated herbicide use has resulted in the development of resistant strains in some species of Amaranthus (Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987), and the same could occur in A. spinosus.

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